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Transcript of MITE6024 (2)
Technology Integration & Learning Theories
- Dominant schools of thought in relation to learning theories
- How learning theories influence technology-supported learning and in particular:
Educational psychology, philosophy and technology in a classroom
Placing the learning theories before technology
Behaviorist, cognitivist and constructivist learning theories
Contemporary developments in pedagogy (e.g., learning by design, brain-based learning, activity theory) Image Source: http://socialsidekix.com/home/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/iStock_000011377993Medium.jpg How
Learn Learning theories:
are about how learning occurs
help us understand the process of learning
are based on our philosophy about nature of knowledge or epistemology
two main philosophical orientations in relation to knowledge: objectivism and idealism
orientations result in learning theories across a continuum: behaviorism, cognition and constructivism
translate into concrete actions in teaching and learning (pedagogical models, approaches, strategies, etc) Cognitive Tools
Technologies of the Mind
Facilitate the process of constructing learner knowledge
Cognitive Tools are knowledge construction tools - that extend the mind (Jonassen, 1996) Image Source: http://www.brainleadersandlearners.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/Lead-Innovation-w-Brain-in-Mind.jpg Cognitive tools
Cognitive tools are selected computer-based tools for engaging and enhancing multiple forms of thinking in learners
Cognitive tools require students to think in meaningful ways in order to use applications to organize and represent what they know
Cognitive tools should be developed to function as intellectual partners
Think of an example of a cognitive tool used in education you are familiar with. Exchange descriptions and comments of these tools. Technical tools become psycho-technical when provided in a learning activity and used in transformation of educational material Types of Cognitive Tools
Spreadsheet as cognitive tool e.g., Excel, Excelsius
Concept Maps e.g., Mindmeiser, Mind Manager
Database as cognitive tool e.g., Access
Intentional Information Search Tools e.g. Grokker
MicroWorld e.g., Interactive Physics, WorldMaker
Modelling tools e.g., Mathematica
System Modeling e.g. Stella, VnR
Multimedia Development Tools as Mindtool
Multimedia Environments as cognitive tools e.g., Facedemo http://www.faceresearch.org/demos/average Group Activity 1
1. Review some of the examples below. These examples were developed mostly by students. Select one for your group review. Provide a brief review in your Group wiki (you might be asked to present your review next week):
Typhoon ➔ Drying Rate
Multiplication of Fractions
Geography Decision Making Exercise
http://people.cite.hku.hk/dchurchill/examples/geography/dme_index.htm Group Activity 2
Sign for free Mind Mapping account Mindmeiser at: http://www.mindmeister.com/
Work in your team to develop a mind map to show branching and connections of major learning theories and their key parameters. The Mindmeister will allow you to extend your collaboration beyond the classroom time
Display this mind map in your wiki Readings
Review various learning theories from these three web sites:
You can also watch some videos with content related to learning theories:
Bransford, J.D. et al., (2004). How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School, National Academies Press.
Jonassen D.H. (1996) Computers in the Classroom: Mindtools for Critical Thinking, Prentice Hall.
Jonassen, D. H., & Carr, C. (2000). Mindtools: Affording multiple knowledge representations in learning. In S.P. Lajoie (Eds.), Computers as cognitive tools (pp. 165-196). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Jonassen, H. D. & Rohrer-Murphy, L. (1999). Activity theory as a framework for designing constructivist learning environment. Educational Technology Research and Development, 47(1), pp. 61-99.
Pae, R. D. (1985). Beyond amplification: using the computer to reorganize mental functioning. Educational Psychologists, 20, 167-182.
Salomon, G., Perkins, D.N., & Globerson, T. (1991). Partners in cognition: extending human intelligence with intelligent technologies. Educational Researcher, April, 2-9. 6024 (2) Gage Labs Pedagogy is just one of seven interralted aspects Brown and Adler 2008 Salmon 2002. p.11