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Transcript of punctuation lesson
“I cannot help it; reason has nothing to do with it; I love her against reason.” “I cannot help it . . . I love her against reason.” Use ellipses sparingly to indicate hesitation or faltering speech or thoughts, and use them to shorten long quotations when necessary, but be sure you don’t change the meaning. Summary When you join two things that could be sentences on their own with a word such as “and,” “but,” or “or,” you need a comma before the conjunction:
Squiggly ran to the forest, and Aardvark chased the peeves. How to use a comma What is a comma splice? To join them with a comma, you need the word “and” or some other coordinating conjunction. If you just put a comma between them, that's an error called a comma splice:
Squiggly ran to the forest, Aardvark chased the peeves. Do's and Don'ts Do not put a comma everywhere you'd pause. Pauses do not equal commas! A woman without her man is nothing A woman, without her, man is nothing. A woman! Without her, man is nothing! A woman without her man, is nothing. Semicolons separate things. Most commonly, they separate two main clauses that are closely related to each other but that could stand on their own as sentences if you wanted them to. It was below zero; Squiggly wondered if he would freeze to death.
It was below zero. Squiggly wondered if he would freeze to death Two parts of a long sentence that are separated by a semicolon that could be sentences on their own if you put a period between them. Colon The purpose of a colon is to introduce or define something. Recap Use a with coordinating conjunctions, not a semicolon. When joining two main clauses with conjunctions such as AND, OR, and BUT use a comma instead For example, "It was zero degrees outside, and Squiggly wondered if he would freeze to death.” Use a semicolon when you use a conjunctive adverb to join two main clauses. The aardvark is on vacation. Squiggly has to carry the weight in this episode.
The aardvark is on vacation; therefore, Squiggly has to carry the weight in this episode.
(The comma after the conjunctive adverb is optional.) Use a semicolon instead of a period if you want to add variety to your sentence structure, for example, if you thought you had too many short, choppy sentences in a row. Helpful Hint: Differences between a colon and semicolon: When you are joining things, you use a semicolon to join things of equal weight, whereas you can use a colon to join things of equal or unequal weight. Use Colons After Complete Sentence For example, "Squiggly has two favorite hobbies: watching clouds and seeing how long she can stand on one foot."
colon Colon "Squiggly missed only one friend: aardvark."
You couldn't use a semicolon in that sentence because the two parts are unequal. Use a colon after statements that are complete sentences or when you are introducing a list AFTER a complete sentence. Use elipsis only to shorten or to show an omission. Never use it to change the meaning of a quotation. Squiggly has three best buddies: aardvark, thumper, and squeak. Squiggly has only one bestfriend: aardvark. and Conjunctive adverbs are words such as however, therefore, and indeed. "I cant help it, reason has nothing to do with it..."
"I cant help it...i love her without reason." Any ?'s