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What Body Systems do in Tennis
Transcript of What Body Systems do in Tennis
The skeletal, muscular, circulatory and respiratory systems all work together and contribute to efficient sport movement in tennis. Each system has a specific role in keeping the body moving during an intense tennis match or training. These roles will be further explained.
Tennis is a game played on a rectangular court by either two players or two pairs of players, on opposing teams. The court in which the game is played on can be made out of clay, grass, synthetic grass, hardwood or even cement. The court is marked out with lines showing the borders of which the ball must be hit within during a match. A net with a height of one meter separates the two sides of the court in which the players must continuously hit a small ball over the net with racquets until one player misses the ball, hits it out of the marked court or is unable to hit the ball over the net on the full.
The skeletal system provides protection, assistance in movement, production of blood cells, a place for minerals to be stored and acts as our body’s structure. It also protects our vital organs such as our lungs and is the point of attachment for our muscles.
The skeletal system is important whilst playing tennis as tennis involves a lot of stopping and starting meaning that while playing, you will need to move quickly to reach the oncoming ball and then stop yourself moving to be ready for the next oncoming ball. The skeletal system links into this as during tennis, the skeletal system provides the support and assistance needed to first move around and to then stop suddenly without falling over.
The job of the muscular system is to produce high or low levels of force and to emit motion. Muscle movements are usually done without trying like movements in the eye, although the majority of muscle movements are controlled by the mind. There are two types of voluntary muscle fibres (movements), slow twitch fibres which contract for long periods of time with little force and fast twitch fibres which contract quickly and powerfully although lose strength and power very quickly, both in which are used when playing tennis.
WHAT THEY DO
An overview of tennis
During a game of tennis, the muscles of the body are put under a great amount of stress when running to reach the ball and swinging your arm to hit it into an attacking position in the opposition’s court. This is the reason why different muscles in the body can contract in different ways- to adjust to the needed movement needed and also to be able to mover for the entire match. This is why it is vitally important that the muscular system of a tennis player is working correctly on its own and when it needs to, in conjunction with other systems. The skeletal system, for example, is where the muscles join with joints, tendons and other muscles. Without the skeletal system, the muscular system would have no structure and move awkwardly during a game of tennis or any other sport. The muscular system also works injunction with the circulatory system as blood rushes towards the hard working muscles in order to keep them moving. This will be further explained in the coming information.
The circulatory system has one of the most vital roles out of all the body systems mentioned. The way circulatory system operates is by moving blood around the body, through veins and arteries, to areas that need the most recovery or help. The arteries bring oxygenated blood to the tissues of the body, and veins bring deoxygenated blood back to the heart, to re-oxygenate the blood and so, repeat the cycle.
A game of tennis involves a high work rate creating a high amount of blood flow in the body. This is where the circulatory system begins to start doing its job during a match of tennis as it places a high demand on the cardiovascular (circulatory) system, as it is a good aerobic exercise. Games of tennis can sometimes go on for over an hour but however long the match, the muscles of the body will begin to burn and blood rushes to them to help repair them. This is the circulatory system working with the muscular system to keep the body moving at the highest possible intensity throughout the entire match.
A game of tennis will also meet and maintain a maximum heart rate whilst playing, and so causes the heart to beat faster in order to keep up with the activities your body is trying to do. With this being said, the heart will begin to work faster and therefore produce more oxygenated blood that is to be moved around the veins of the body.
The respiratory system is the final system, which works along side the other three systems mentioned, that is involved in helping the body move most efficiently, at the highest intensity and with the most precision possible. The respiratory system is responsible for bringing in oxygen from the atmosphere and imposing it into places in the body where it can diffuse into the blood. As the circulatory system relies heavily on transporting oxygenated blood around the body, these two systems work together and interplay to complete the task.
As in all sports, any athlete, no matter their aerobic fitness level, will begin to breath heavily after a few minutes of intense or even medium pace running or moving. As tennis involves continuous running in all directions, as well as having to precisely maneuver a ball over the net, the respiratory system is a vital tool while playing tennis. During tennis, the respiratory works not only along side the circulatory system but also with the muscular system as the muscles and other organs expand and move around to allow for more room for the lungs to expand. This process is repeated multiple times during a match of tennis.
With this being said, the respiratory system is not only responsible for bringing air into the body and re-oxygenating the blood, but it is also used for keeping us alive while running. When we begin playing a match of tennis, or any aerobic sport, the lungs start to breath in more and more air, hence the heavy breathing, to adjust and respond to the increase of heart rate and work rate.
Without the skeletal, muscular, circulatory and respiratory systems during a match of tennis, the human body would probably collapse from too much work or exercise. These four systems are vital during tennis, as well as most other sports as they work individually and in conjunction with one another to allow the body to keep moving at a faster rate and further increase its intensity.