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Our Future

Xplore Cycle 3 - Leo, Kirk, Han, Cameron, Kevin
by

Wongola Wong

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of Our Future

What will happen in the future? Xplore Cycle 3 - by Leo, Kirk, Han, Cameron, Kevin What does environmental sustainability mean? Environmental Sustainability is when the object or product has no negative affect on the environment therefore sustaining the environment. What is environmental sustainability? -Environmental Sustainability is the capacity to endure the environment around a person or thing.

-"Sustainability is based on a simple principle: Everything that we need for our survival and well-being depends, either directly or indirectly, on our natural environment." (EPA, Unknown Date)

-"The aggregate of surrounding things, conditions, or influences; surroundings; milieu." (Dictionary.com, 2009) What types of energy will be used and how will it impact the environment? -An energy source named Fuel Cell converts fuel and oxygen to electricity.
-Mostly uses hydrogen.
-Fuel Cell is safe and effective.
-By using renewable sources it helps the environment.
-If vehicles were to use hydrogen fuel cell, it would emit the same amount of water per mile as vehicles using gasoline powered engines.
-This is fuel efficient and there is less emission.
-If the fuel cell uses pure hydrogen then it only emits heat and water, meaning 0% percentage of air pollution and health problems.
(U.S Department of energy, 19/11/2012) -Energy sources such as coal, oil and gas will still be used for the future but we will need more.
Coal, oil and gas are the main energy source use today but these are limited.
-As we run out, the demand of our people will increase. What are the global economic predictions for the future? - The world is currently in a super cycle, which started in the year 2000 and is set to continue to at least 2030.

- This is the third and largest super cycle the world has seen, after the cycles of 1870-1913 and 1950-1975.

- "Right now, the global economy is 62 trillion US Dollars, and if these estimates are accurate the global economy will double from its current size to 127 trillion US Dollars." (Perry, 2012) Standard Chartered Bank (2011) Are the government prepared to invest in new public transport? - The state government are putting aside over half a billion dollars this year to improve the Victorian public transport system.

- This money has been invested into a number of projects aimed to improve Victoria's public transport system.

- “This Budget is about investing in a record state infrastructure spend to drive economic activity, productivity and jobs.” (Mudler, 2012) Australians Greens (2012) What are the current problems with public transport? - Current public transport is unreliable and the public can't trust the current system.

- Overcrowding is a main problem ,this is due to the infrequent and undersized transport systems. (AdelaideNow, 2012) http://www.google.com.au/imgres?q=overcrowdedtrains&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1280&bih=907&tbm=isch&tbnid=5WLGlhO8rE-dBM:&imgrefurl=http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/passenger-numbers-down-on-trains-but-up-on-buses-and-trams/story-fn7x8me2-1226270126165&imgurl=http://resources3.news.com.au/images/2012/02/13/1226270/127607-commuters.jpg&w=650&h=366&ei=rbI-UOGJDOTEmAXLjIHADA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=400&vpy=502&dur=764&hovh=168&hovw=299&tx=195&ty=58&sig=102978999428475181760&page=4&tbnh=120&tbnw=213&start=70&ndsp=25&ved=1t:429,r:6,s:70,i:320 How can we improve current methods of public transport? We can improve current methods of transport by:
- Increasing fuel efficiency
- Decreasing the impact on the environment
- Increasing the capacity of the transport
- Increasing the frequency of the transport

Current diesel engines in trains use lots of fossil fuel which emits harmful gases into the atmosphere. In addition to this, increasing the size and speed of the transport would help to reduce congestion
in public areas. (Oracle ThinkQuest Library, 2005) What type of materials will sustain most types of public transport? There are 4 main new materials being developed to be used as an alternative to heavy metals in the future.
- Duralumin
- FiberGlass
- Carbon-Fibre
- Carbon Nanotubes
All of the above are stronger and lighter than steel, and with lighter materials each method of transport would become more fuel efficient. (WyoTech, 2012) What new types of transport can be developed to handle growing population? Dual mode cars are a possibility for future transport. (RUF International, 2010) Bibliography - Oracle ThinkQuest Library, 2005, Future Of Transport, 24/8/2012, http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/01249/, Last Updated N/A

- Innovative Transport Technologies, 2004, RUF Personal and Group Dualmode Transportation Technology, 27/8/2012, http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/ruf1.htm, Last Updated 15/5/2010

- RUF International, 2010, RUF Capacity, 29/8/2012, http://www.ruf.dk/rufcapacity.pdf, Last Updated N/A

- AdelaideNow, 2012, ‘Overcrowding, cost and unreliability causes commuters to abandon public transport’, 29/8/12,http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/adelaide-public-transport-usage-has-slumped-dramatically-new-figures-reveal/story-e6frea83-1226446709644, Last Updated : N/A

- WyoTech , 2012, Future Car Materials, 28/8/2012, http://news.wyotech.edu/post/2012/03/future-car-materials, Last Updated – N/A Summary: How can we adjust or create public transport to handle a large population and/or mega cites? How can we adjust or create public transport to handle a large population and/or mega cities? What are the problems with today’s transport? -The problem with today’s transport is that it’s getting poor and inefficient.
-Cars are added to the road everyday; this adds more and more hours of traffic jams on roads and gridlocks.
-Environmental impacts and energy consumption.
-Insufficient supply of oil
-Also the land consumption of vehicles and other transport. 30 to 60% of metropolitan areas have or rely on transportation
-Poor transportation restricts access to activities
Poor transport contributes to students dropping out of college due to the expenses on daily transport. (Johan Overvest, 2001)
A New Transportation Mode Must Reduce The Problems Of Current Transportation Modes – By Johan Overvest, January 17, 2001, viewed 24 August 2012, http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/overvest.htm How will we use the current technology to help the development of future transport? How will we use the current technology to help the development of future transport?
We’ll adapt the current knowledge we possess.
Alternative ways to easily find parking lot -
-The connection car network which signifies drivers when there is an upcoming traffic congestion or not.
Air pollution emissions are set to be stopped and switch to green energy.
Major reductions in greenhouse gas emissions
Technology offers a broad range of innovation in the longer run. (transport technologies, 2006)
Ainsley jolly, march 2006,transport technologies, march 2006, 24/8/2012 http://www.cfses.com/documents/climate/05_Jolley_Transport_Technologies.pdf How will the future of transport affect us? Transportation will act differently than before as we start to use alternative sources to fuel our vehicles. Better ways to commute which makes people’s life easier and efficient.

-Faster, quicker, more enjoyable and EASIER transportation.
-There are gridlocks in countries that have traffic jams
-personal commutation devices for vehicles
Most people commute with public transportation because it is believed to be faster.
“Over the next 30 years, the demand for travel will continue to grow. A report by transport experts, published today, says that national road charging may be possible from 2014.”(Future means of transport, 2007-2008)
Team Zeigeist, 2007-2008, Future means of transport, viewed at 29/08/2012 - http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00457/transport.html Will new transportation methods be developed or are our current methods a future possibility? Yes, new transportation methods will be developed to better transportation and our current methods will just adapt to new methods.

- New transportation products are on showcase to enlighten the future of transportation.
- Solar power wheel chair
- The Chevrolet Volt is the first electric car
- Our current resources are available to construct a greener future for everyone.
Furthermore, new transportation methods will be implemented into public/individual transportation systems to better the commute for the public.(Alternative Energy, 2012)
Alternative energy, 2012, transportation technology, 30/08/2012, http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/transportation/ What are the priorities of transportation in the future? Will these new transport aspirations be economically possible and sustainable? What will be the prices of future transport systems? - The cost of building a Dual Mode 'guideway' would be equal to about $9 per km. (Innovative Transportation Technologies, 2009)

- A guideway is a railway like system where cars latch onto each other and, without using any power, travel automatically to their given junction.

- "The key for success for a new transport will be flexibility. One system, which will be flexible enough to cover most of the varied transportation needs of modern cities will become a success. The Rapid Urban Flexible (RUF) system is such a system." (Jensen, 2010) Innovative Transportation Technologies (2011) How will prices of transport affect the citizens of the world? - The price of buying a standard RUF Dual Mode car would be between $55,000 to $85,000, plus approximately $7,500 for the battery and charger of the plug in vehicle. (General Motors)

- "People ask us when will we produce not just 10,000 but 50,000 (cars). I say when the battery and power train costs have come down significantly." (Webber, 2009)

-This effectively means that prices of new energy efficient vehicles will come at a high price until we see a significant change in market prices. Volvo (2012) How will future methods of public transports affect the environment? -Computer controlled taxis will be created in the future

-The cabs, which will travel on a 1.5m-wide track, will use 75% less energy per passenger than a car and 50% less than a bus. (BBC, 2011)
-Less green house gases is emitted !!! -Vehicles will be dual mode.

-This overview is intended to provide a quick and illustrated description of a personal rapid transit technology now being developed in Denmark. (RUF, 2004) -Ready for use in making the short trips that are part of our daily routines, using battery power. (RUF,2004)
-Able to go on both railways and street systems!! How is public transports affecting the environment today? -Public transports go both ways, it affects the environment in a good and bad way.

-"Many public transit systems, or parts of them, are either over or under used." (Dr.J.P Rodrigue, 2012)

-"Almost every public transit systems cannot generate sufficient income to cover its operating and capital costs" (Dr.J.P Rodrigue, 2012)

-Materials and money wasted on transports that are rarely used! Will future public transports be environmentally sustainable?
Yes, public transports will be environmentally sustainable because we are already developing things that would helm the environment such as fuel cells, dual mode vehicles and computer controlled taxis! Bibliography EPA, N.D, What is Sustainability?, 28,08,2012, http://www.epa.gov/sustainability/basicinfo.htm,Unknown Unknown Date Updated

Imperial College London, N.D, The future of energy for transportation, 24/08/2012, https://workspace.imperial.ac.uk/earthscienceandengineering/Public/Research/PublicSeminarsOnEnergy/Nigel%20talk.pdf , Unknown Date Updated

U.S Department of ENERGY, 19/11/2010, Fuel Cells, 24/08/2012, http://www1.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/fuelcells/basics.html, Unknown Date Modified

Dr.Jean Paul Rodrigue, 1998, Urban Transport Problems, 31/08/2012, http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/ruf1.htm, 2012

BBC, N.D, Future Travel : How will we get around?, 31/08/2012, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3580337.stm, 30/3/2004

RUF, 17/6/2004, RUF Personal and Group Dualmode Transportation Technology Overview, 31/08/2012, http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/ruf1.htm, 20/8/2012 The one prominent factor that contributes to the future of Transport is the environment. Harvard Bibliography A New Transportation Mode Must Reduce The Problems Of Current Transportation Modes – By Johan Overvest, January 17, 2001, viewed 24 August 2012, http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/overvest.html

Ainsley jolly, march 2006,transport technologies, march 2006, 24/8/2012 http://www.cfses.com/documents/climate/05_Jolley_Transport_Technologies.pdf

Team Zeigeist, 2007-2008, Future means of transport, viewed at 29/08/2012 - http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00457/transport.html

Alternative energy, 2012, transportation technology, 30/08/2012, http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/transportation/ Will these new transport aspirations be economically possible and sustainable? There are a number of different ideas that have been proposed to solve our transport problems, with many of these theories already being put into practice. From the research undertaken, it is clear to see that, with financial backing and support from Governments and the citizens of our world, many of these future transport aspirations will become immensely successful. Bibliography Capre Diem (Doctor Mark J. Perry) 25th of January 2012, We're In A New Super-Cycle of Global Economic Growth. World Economy Could Double by 2027, 25th of January 2012, 24/8/12, http://mjperry.blogspot.com.au/2011/01/new-super-cycle-of-global-economic.html Victorian Budget, 1st of May 2012, Coalition invests in transport for the future, 1st of May 2012, 27/8/12, http://budget.vic.gov.au/CA2579B200132B63/pages/coalition-invests-in-transport-for-the-future RUF Dual Mode Transport System, 4th of September 2011, The Ultra Light Guideway, 4th of September 2011, 28/8/12 http://www.ruf.dk/

Palle R Jensen - RUF Denmark,2nd of August 2008, RUF Dual Mode Public Transport, 2nd of August 2008, 28/8/12 http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/rufpublictrans.htm

Innovative Transportation Technologies, 2nd of September 2009, Tomorrow’s Transportation: New Systems for the Urban Future, 2nd of September 2012, 28/812 http://faculty.washington.edu/jbs/itrans/tomtrans.htm Steven Mufson, Washington Post, 25th of November 2008, The car of the future, but at what cost?, 25th of November 2008, 29/8/12
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/11/24/AR2008112403211.html?sid=ST2008112403295 What new technologies are expected to be created for the future? Expected to see things like: a purely electric catamaran cruiser
common algae for biofuel butanol production
solar powered wheel chair?
hydrogen powered personal helicopter
electric car
new and more powerful batteries for cars
electric motorbike
giant inflatable airship powered by algae
eco-friendly planes
quieter air travel
personal electric air vehicles
carbon dioxide as a new fuel
solar powered buses
solar powered boats How will technology help us in the future? what current technologies do we have to help us improve future transport? We have the old reliable internal combustion engine
We have the electric motor in electric cars
Fuel cells
Rechargeable batteries (they're pretty useful) Alternative energy, 2012, transportation technology,29/08/2012, http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/transportation/s Ainsley jolly, march 2006,transport technologies, march 2006, 24/8/2012, http://www.cfses.com/documents/climate/05_Jolley_Transport_Technologies.pdf How will we meet the needs of the environment and the limited energy sources? -Recycle more
-Use different resources instead of the limited resources that we are using now
-Instead of coal and oil, solar and hydroelectricity
-Decrease emissions
-May result in loss of profits in oil and coal companies
-Redistribute land, to manage depletion of rainforests, less malnutrition and less disease
-Other countries provide money to developing countries
-Government as role models to conserving resources James A. Crone, 2011, how can we solve the worlds environmental problems, 2011, 30/8/2012,http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/36032_13.pdf what are our current needs for transport and how do we meet them? -The densification of urban landscapes so that people will use their vehicles less.
-Pricing strategies to better use their money on transport
-Taxing the pollution rate, having a pollution fee
-Having a tighter control on parking Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Dr. Claude Comtois,1998,transport and sustainability,sitemeter,29/08/2012,[ http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch8en/conc8en/ch8c4en.html] technology will help us in many ways. through development we will find the solution to the excess emissions and the amount of fossil fuels being consumed. we will probably find an alternate source of energy that is cleaner and more energy efficient so we can use the most of the energy we have.
technology will become a greater part of our lives in the future, solving many of our current environmental problems and creating better place to live. To conclude...
Alternative energy, 2012, transportation technology,29/08/2012, http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/transportation/s
Ainsley jolly, march 2006,transport technologies, march 2006, 24/8/2012, http://www.cfses.com/documents/climate/05_Jolley_Transport_Technologies.pdf
James A. Crone, 2011, how can we solve the worlds environmental problems, 2011, 30/8/2012,http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/36032_13.pdf
Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue and Dr. Claude Comtois,1998,transport and sustainability,sitemeter,29/08/2012,[ http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch8en/conc8en/ch8c4en.html] Reference Dual mode electric cars are battery powered, which is environmentally friendly. Dual mode is considered public transport because the rail is a shared transportation system. New methods of public transport can be developed, but it is a more complex and unlikely alternative because of the excessive financial and constructive needs.

Current methods of public transport could more than compensate for the overpopulated transit difficulties in the future. (Innovative Transport Technologies, 2004) How will transport have evolved in 30 years time? How will public transport have evolved in 30 years time? In 30 years time, public transport will have significantly advanced. Public transport will change in size, shape and frequency, and will advance on the struggles we are having today.
The methods of public transport may change but the real differences will be in how it affects our planet Earth.
New technologies will aid the development of the aspired upgrades and protecting our environment will come at a large cost.
We can hope that public transport will help to keep our streets calm and more importantly our planet clean. - Steven Mufson, Washington Post, 25th of November 2008, The car of the future, but at what cost?, 25th of November 2008, www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/11/24/AR2008112403211.html?sid=ST2008112403295 Will public transport be environmentally sustainable?
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