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Why Go Vegetarian?
Transcript of Why Go Vegetarian?
Intensification in animal farming has displaced 1,000,000s of people from their traditional lands – eg. indigenous people in South & Central America, Native Americans in North America & crofters in Great Britain – this is continuing today
1 acre yields 165 lbs of beef or 20,000 lbs of potatoes
An inch of topsoil takes 200-1000 years to develop – yet the USA has lost around 1/3 of its prime topsoil in 200 years (around 7 inches) due to animal farming
Between 1966-1983 38% of the Amazon rain forest was destroyed for cattle grazing
25% of Central america’s forests have been destroyed for cattle grazing since 1960
AIR The 1,300,000,000 cattle in the world emit 60,000,000 tons of methane per year (methane is a greenhouse gas & leads to global warming)
Fertilizer used to grow crops to feed to animals releases nitrous oxide – thought to account for 6% of the greenhouse effect
Being Vegetarian helps protect our waterways and animals. It is also efficient. WATER 25 gallons of water to produce 1lb of wheat vs. 2500 gallons to produce 1lb of meat
The water used to produce a 1000 lb beef steer is enough to float a Destroyer battleship
Nitrates and pesticides used on crops grown to feed livestock end up in our rivers
EFFICIENCY To produce 1calorie of energy from meat takes 60 calories of petrol, whereas growing grains & legumes to directly feed people produces 20 calories for each calorie of fuel used (that's 1200 times more efficient)
70% of all grain is fed to animals
1lb of beef takes 1 gallon of petrol to produce ANIMALS Cows only give milk for 10 months after they have a calf – so they are routinely artificially inseminated to keep them pregnant and milking – their calves are taken away (usually at 12 hours old) for meat or export to veal crates
Cows would naturally live up to 20 years but are slaughtered after 5-7 years when their milk production begins to fall
Cows naturally produce 5 liters of milk per day for their calves – under the intensified systems of modern farming they produce 25-40 liters per day – resulting in swollen & inflamed udders – at this rate they are soon worn out HEALTH Meat is full of traces of antibiotics, hormones, toxins produced by stress and pesticide residues that become concentrated from all the crops they have eaten
Vegetarians have a 40% reduced level of cancer than the general population thought to be because they have a higher intake of vitamins A,C & E
80% of food poisoning is due to infected meat (faeces, bacteria etc.) after all meat is decomposing flesh – most of the rest is due to salmonella in eggs
Types of Vegetarians Total Vegetarians eat only plant food. They do not eat any animal foods, including fish, eggs, dairy products, and honey.
Vegans not only omit all animal products from their diets, but they also eliminate them from the rest of their life. Vegans use nothing from animals, such as leather, wool, and silk.
Lacto-Vegetarians will include dairy products into their diet of plant food.
Lacto-Ovo-Vegetarians eat both eggs and dairy products.
Pesco-Vegetarians include fish into their diets.
Pollo-Vegetarians eat poultry, such as chicken, turkey, and duck.