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Macbeth Unit Plan
Transcript of Macbeth Unit Plan
by William Shakespeare
Shakespeare's England and
"Fair is foul and foul is fair."
The Way out
How does the setting affect the beginning of the play?
What are your first impressions?
The king's headquarters: alarum within. Enter
King Duncan, Malcolm, Donaldbain, Lennox, with Attendants,
meeting a bleeding captain
TWO OF THEM ARE SHARING THE ROOM.
ONE LAUGHED IN HIS SLEEP AND ANOTHER SHOUTED
THEY WOKE EACH OTHER. I STOOD LISTENING, BUT THEY SAID THEIR PRAYERS AND WENT BACK TO SLEEP.
WHO'S SLEEPING IN THE ROOM NEXT TO HIS?
THE WINE THAT MADE THEM
. IT'S PUT OUT THEIR FLAME, BUT FILLED
A while later...
IT WAS AN OWL SHRIEK, A FATAL BELLMAN SAVING A FINAL GOODNIGHT. MACBETH'S DOING IT. THE DOORS ARE OPEN AND THE DRUNKEN ATTENDANTS ARE SNORING. I'VE DRESSED THEIR DRINKS SO MUCH THAT THEY DON'T CARE WHETHER THEY ARE
ALIVE OR DEAD
THEY MUST HAVE WOKEN AND IT HASN'T BEEN DONE. WE'VE BEEN CAUGHT IN THE ACT. LISTEN! I LEFT THE DAGGERS READY FOR HIM... HE COULDN'T MISS THEM. IF DUNCAN HADN'T LOOKED LIKE MY FATHER IN HIS SLEEP, I'D HAVE DONE IT
WHO IS IT?
*Born in 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, England
*Became playwright/ actor in 1590
*Fame followed; became well known through England and became part-owner of the Globe Theatre.
*Author of the thirty-seven plays and 154 sonnets that bear his name
The Globe Theatre
*Constructed in 1599
*Considered the most "attractive" and "elaborate" theatre yet built.
*Hexagonal structure with an inner court about 55 feet across
*It was three-stories high and had no roof
*It could together hold more than 1,500 people.
Performances in the Globe
*hardly any props
*no lighting changes
Shakespeare in Love
(1998) 6 min
The Setting of
Page 112 of book
a character, usually of high status, who suffers a downfall as a result of a fatal character flaw, errors in judgment, or forces beyond human control.
the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
a literary and particularly a dramatic presentation of serious actions in which the chief character has a disastrous fate
an object or idea (image, sound, action, symbol, etc.) that repeats itself throughout a literary work
a main idea or an underlying meaning of a literary work which may be stated directly or indirectly
literary device often used in drama to reveal the innermost thoughts of a character.
a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience
England in the 1600s
Page 109-112 in book
From what you've seen so far, what, do you think, is the mood of this play?
Please respond to the following questions with a well-written sentence.
1. Ambition is good (i.e. a positive, desireable trait.
2. Ambition, lust, greed, and desire all mean the same thing.
3. Everyone is capable of lying, killing, and betrayal; in other words, of being evil.
4. Our fate is predetermined; we cannot alter our own destiny.
5. If someone kills another person because someone else coerced him or her into doing it, the person who did the killing is not responsible for the murder.
Macbeth Opening Scene (1971)
the author's attitude
how the audience is made to feel
ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together hold significant value on several levels.
How is Macbeth portrayed in this scene?
Think of some adjectives you could use to describe him.
"When the battle's lost, and won"
"Fair is foul, and foul is fair"
Examples of Paradox in 1:1
What do you think the witches mean by these encrypted statements?
The Witches' Voices
In Act 1:1, Shakespeare creates a strange and sinister atmosphere using language. Shakespeare uses two lines of poetry which rhyme. These are called rhyming couplets.
Rhyming couplets are often used to round off a long speech. However, in the witches’ scene, they are used to create a spooky atmosphere because they sound like spells.
Can you find examples of
rhyming couplets in 1:1?
The play begins with three __________________ meeting in a “desolate place”. They agree to gather again when the battle is over, and meet ____________________. They seem to know the future and chant strange words, creating a very _____________________ atmosphere.
Act 1:2 opens with a bloody _____________________ giving a report of the battle. He tells King _______________________ that ____________________ personally killed the traitor Macdonwald. Although fresh Norwegian troops arrived, Macbeth and Banquo fought on. Macbeth then captured the Thane of ______________________, a traitor and obtained a ransom and a favorable peace treaty. King _______________________ sentences the Thane of ______________________ to death, and gives the title to Macbeth as a reward for his bravery.
1:1 and 1:2 Recap
The heath: thunder. Enter the three
The three _____________________ meet upon the heath. They discuss the mischief and evil they have created, which tells the audience that their magic is powerful. Macbeth and _______________________ enter. The witches hail ________________________ with three different titles, as Thane of ______________________, which he already is, as Thane of Cawdor and finally as the future _________________________.
_____________________ demands to know his future too, and the witches tell him that one day his ______ will be kings. The witches then vanish. The lord Ross brings news of the King’s pleasure at Macbeth’s victory and tells Macbeth that he has been made the Thane of ____________________ as a reward. Macbeth begins to consider the moral issues surrounding the witches’ predictions, and is horrified at the idea of killing ________________________ so he can become the King.
In Act 1:4 King Duncan says it is difficult to judge people from their outward appearance. This is ironic because he then warmly welcomes ______________________ who has in fact been considering murdering him. Macbeth declares loyalty to Duncan, but ____________________ is made heir to the throne, which upsets Macbeth. The whole party go to stay with ____________________________ in Inverness.
1. What is strange about the witches’ appearances? (Act 1:3 line 44)
2. Look at Macbeth’s first line (Act 1:3 line 36) Who does it directly echo? (look at Act 1:1 line 12)
3. What does this connection make us feel about Macbeth?
4. What does Banquo call Macbeth at line 52?
5. What does Banquo call Macbeth at line 147?
6. What is the relationship like between Macbeth and Banquo?
7. What happens when Macbeth commands the witches to speak? (line 76)
8. What does this tell you about the witches?
9. Where can you find an example of a soliloquy in Act 1:3?
10. Why does Shakespeare include this soliloquy?
The king's headquarters. Flourish. Enter
King Duncan, Lennox, Malcolm, Donaldbain,
King Duncan receives Macbeth and Banquo with gratitude for their achievements, then announces that his son Malcolm will succeed him on the throne of Scotland.
In 1:4, King Duncan has much dialogue with Macbeth.
How do these two characters speak to one another?
Referring to the ex-Thane of Cawdor, King Duncan says, "He was a gentleman on whom I built an absolute trust" (lines 13-14).
How does this characterize King Duncan, considering the ex-Thane of Cawdor became a traitor?
Inverness: Macbeth's castle. Enter
alone, with a letter.
himself is hoarse/ That croaks the fatal entrance of Duncan/ Under my battlements" (lines 37-39).
From your study guide...
How is Lady Macbeth...
*linked to the supernatural?
*an unnatural mother?
Inverness: approaching Macbeth's castle. Hautboys, and torches. Enter King Duncan, Malcolm, Donaldbain, Banquo, Lennox, Macduff, Ross, Angus, and Attendants.
"This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air /Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself/ Unto our gentle senses" (lines 1-3).
How is this statement by King Duncan an example of dramatic irony?
How does this statement further characterize King Duncan?
Dramatic irony is when the words and actions of the characters of a work of literature have a different meaning for the reader than they do for the characters. This is the result of the reader having a greater knowledge than the characters themselves.
nside Macbeth's castle. Hautboys. Torches. Enter a
, and divers Servants with dishes and a service over the stage. Then enter
Macbeth leaves the state dinner, suddenly worried by what he's planning to do. But Lady Macbeth stirs up his spirits again.
The act begins with Banquo and his son, _______________, in the courtyard of __________________’s castle. Banquo tells his son that he has been fighting evil thoughts. Macbeth enters and announces himself as “a _________________”. Banquo tells Macbeth that he dreamed of the three ___________________. Macbeth lies and says that he has not thought of them. Banquo also tells Macbeth that he will stay loyal to _____________________. Macbeth then hallucinates a blood-stained ____________________ as he prepares to murder __________________. His mind is full of evil images, as “Nature seems _____________________”.
In Act 2:2 Lady Macbeth awaits the return of her husband. She says that she could have murdered Duncan had he not resembled her own ___________________. Macbeth enters and says that he has “done the __________________”. Macbeth is worried that he was unable to say “_________________” and thought he heard a voice which said that he would never sleep again as he had murdered sleep. Lady Macbeth tells him not to worry and tells him to take the ______________________ back. He refuses, so Lady Macbeth takes them back and smears the _____________________’s faces with blood to make them appear guilty. They are both startled by knocking at the gate and go to wash and put on night clothes.
Porter Scene (7 min)
Watch the Scene
How does the Porter provide comedic relief?
Are these jokes still funny today?
How does the Porter’s character differ greatly from Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, and Banquo?
The porter explains which three things drinking can provoke:
“Marry, sir, nose-painting, sleep, and urine” (line 25).
Put these three things in your own words (pay attention to side notes in your text).
*Note: The “nose-painting” is related to
a modern-day accessory for clowns:
The Porter’s Message
Act II, Scene 3
an amusing scene, incident, or speech introduced into serious or tragic elements, as in a play, in order to provide temporary relief from tension, or to intensify the dramatic action.
The purpose of the Porter is to provide comic relief for the audience.