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The Babylonians :)

Ancient Civilizations Project

Judith Williams

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of The Babylonians :)

Geography Babylonia The Babylonians inherited the technical achievements of the Sumerians in irrigation and agriculture. Maintaining the system of canals, dikes, weirs, and reservoirs constructed by their predecessors demanded considerable engineering knowledge and skill.

Babylonian artisans were skilled in metallurgy, in the processes of fulling, bleaching, and dyeing, and in the preparation of paints, pigments, cosmetics, and perfumes. In the field of medicine, surgery was well known and often practiced. Contributions The Babylonian contributions have proved essential in modern era living. It was the Babylonians who first divided time into increments, as we know it. The Babylonian model had days comprised of 24 hours, hours comprised of 60 minutes, and minutes comprised of 60 seconds, a tradition lasting over 4,000 years. The Babylonians were located around
assyria and prussia. Babylonia was situated in the area known as Mesopotamia (Greek for "between the rivers"). Slavery Time period of Babylonia 1763 B.C.E-1595 B.C.E The main contribution of the Babylonians was the development of writing with their cuneiform script. Many of these records, preserved on clay tablets, have been discovered by archaeologists and translated, revealing information about the daily life of these ancient people. The Babylonian Empire was founded by Hammurabi in 1763 B.C.E. In 1595 B.C.E., the Babylonian Empire fell to a Hittite invasion. Economy Trade was the key to wealth. however, the economy was very poor. The streets were unpaved, most houses were small, only one story, made out of mud and brick. Technology The king had overall administrative power, in addition to his central role in important religious rituals. Governors ruled important provinces on behalf of the king, but most of these were Babylonians appointed from outside the local area.

The first Babylonian empire is best known for the Law Code of King Hammurabi, circa 1750 BC, purportedly handed down by the god Shamah. The laws of Moses derive from Hammurabi’s code. Babylonian Goverment King Hammurabi The Hanging Gardens of Babylon Hammurabi ruled for nearly 43 years, BC according to the Middle chronology. Code of Hammurabi

On the stone slab there are 44 columns and 28 paragraphs that contained over 282 laws. Religion Writing Babylonian religion is the religious pratice of the Chaldeans, from the Old Babylonian period in the Middle Bronze Age until the rise of the Neo-Assyrian Empire in the Early Iron Age. A brief revival of Chaldean religious tradition (as opposed to the closely related Chaldeans) occurred under the 7th to 6th century Chaldean dynasty. The form of communication the Babylonians used was Cuneiform. Cuneiform script is one of the earliest known forms of written expression. The law code of Hammurabi is a good example. Most slaves were prisoners of war, but some were Babylonian citizens. Slaves had certain legal rights and could engage in business, borrow money, and buy themselves out of slavery. The children of a slave who married a free person were free. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one of the wonders that may have been purely legendary. They were built in the ancient city-state of Babylon, near present-day Iraq. King Nebuchadnezzar II Nebuchadnezzar II was king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, who
reigned from 605 BCE- 562 BCE. Queen Semiramis Semiramis was the queen of the Babylonian Empire.
She ruled from 824 BC- 811 BC
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