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PHILIPPINE FOLK AND ETHNIC DANCES
Transcript of PHILIPPINE FOLK AND ETHNIC DANCES
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The Filipinos show the influences of foreign conquerors from China, India, the Arabic countries and Spain. Folk dance is participation, displaying the characteristics and temperament of the people who have created it. It is usually a dance of anonymous origin that has been passed on from generation to generation. Although they are now performed for pleasure in the cities, folk dances were originally mainly country-dances.
Despite the differences forced upon them by their respective heritages, the folk dances of different countries often have similarities of rhythm and pattern. Variations among them are the results of geographical differences.
Ethnological dances have developed a distinct traditional style, a technical terminology, and a clearly defined school of instruction. The ethnological dance was a folk dance before it became the art expression of a race.
Folk dancing is a form of social dancing that has become part of the customs and traditions of a people. Most folk dances developed among people in villages and were passed on from generation to generation in a particular region. In many of these dances, group of dancers form such basic pattern as a circle, line, or curved, moving the line called a chain.
In some folk dances, women and men dance together in pairs. But in many other dances, only men or only women perform. Although folkdances are preserved by repetition, they gradually change over the years. As a result, folk dances have only survived in these countries but have changed to suit the character of local communities.
Folk dance classes and societies are stimulating interest in the Philippines. Indeed, folk dances are performed in costume for entertainment, and so help preserve the heritage of the race.
Dance, rhythmic and expressive body movement, usually coordinated into a pattern and adapted to musical accompaniment. It is perhaps the oldest of the arts, reflecting man’s age-old need to communicate joy, grief by using the most immediate instrument at his disposal- his body.
All important occasions in the life of the primitive man that are celebrated through dancing, birth, death, marriage, war, a new leader, the healing of the sick, prayers for the rain, sun, fertility, protection, and forgiveness.
Dance steps are created from man’s basic movements: walk, run, jump, hop, skip, slide, leap, turn, and sway. Folk and ethnic dances are the combinations of those basic movements have been used to: social or ballroom dances, ballet, and modern expressive dances.
Important features of the dance are rhythm, or the relatively fast or slow repetition and variation of movements; design or the arrangement of movements according to a pattern; dynamics, or the variations in the force and intensity of movement; technique, or the degree of the body control and mastery of basic steps and positions. Gestures, especially hand movements.
FOLK DANCE DEFINITIONS
• The traditional recreational dance of an indigenous society showing the cultural characteristics of a specific people at a given time and place.
• Traditional, social expression through movements with rhythmic accompaniment which are characteristics of the community life of the people of different nationalities.
• The vivid intimate bond of customs, ideals, and traditions of the past through which a multitude of national characteristics in music, steps, and costumes are preserved.
• A dance developed spontaneously and naturally by a specific folk, usually handed down from generation to generation and following a fixed basic patterns.
ORIGIN OF DANCE IN THE PHILIPPINES ACCORDING TO FILIPINO LEGEND
According to Philippine legend, the first man and the first woman went up to the hill to make their first home. They begot many children and later became the ancestors of diverse tribes.
Several beliefs influenced their way of life: when death struck, when lightning flashed in the sky, and when thunder rumbled, the tribes were struck with fear. They thought that the gods were angry. To placate their deities, they offered sacrificial rites by the way of fire and smoke in the belief that smokes from fires they kindled carried their invocation heavenwards.
When illness and pestilence befell the tribes, the people wailed and chanted and danced long into night, so that the evil spell might be broken. When the earth caked from drought, they performed dance of propitiation so that the divine entities might take pity on them and send rain to their parched fields. When the rains came and drenched the soil to assure a bountiful harvest, these children of the gods danced in the moonlight in joy and thanksgiving.
The ethnic dances of the Philippines are classified into two major categories:
The dances of the Non-Christian Filipinos.
a.) Dances of the traditionalists or "pagan" groups
b.)Dances of Muslim groups
The dances of the Christian and Lowland Filipinos or Western-influenced.
a.) Dances aresavage, vigorous, and mimetic in character.
b.) Some are light-heartedand mimetic.
c.) Some are performed without music or melodic accompanment.
Dances of the Aetas or Negritoes
They focused on the feet.
The arm movements are simple and free.
Musical instruments include bamboo and wooden sticks, clappers, shields and native lutes (kudyapi, kettle drums, mass metal drums, bronze gongs)
4. game dances
5. Animal dances
6. Duel or war dances
Dances of the Muslims
Have cultural influences from Hindu, Japanese, Chinese and Arab-Persian civilizations.
Are oriental, exotic and stylized
The musical instruments are agongs, kulingtangan, bamboo xylophones and drums.
Presented by: Vanessa Blanco
Nica Villaverde, Mary Jane Esteban, Anna Casanas, Vanessa Vizconde, Angeline Perez & Eunice Marbella