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Transcript of muckrakers
Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore in 1878.
He was a famous muckraker for attacking the meat packing plant with the book he wrote called ''The Jungle".
In the book he attacked the hard working conditions, but in the end people were just disgusted by the food preparation for the public.
Were They Successful?
Ida Tarbell VS Standard Oil Company
A Muckraker: A journalist who informs the public about corruption in business.
life in tenements
ruthless and unfair business methods
conditions of meat packing plants
by: Jamie,Kyle, and Tyler
Ida Tarbell told people how the Standard Oil Company operated
She found that the Standard Oil Co. had secret deals with the railroad company that allowed them to sell their product for cheaper
Found that they bribed and threatened people so they would not bring them to court
She made a book called "The History of the Standard Oil Company" in 1904 which interviewed former workers and criticized the Standard Oil Company
Ida Tarbell was successful in breaking apart the Standard Oil Company.
Upton Sinclair was successful and also not he got the government to pass the amendment for the food but the working conditions were not fixed until later.
After the government read her book they decided to investigate
The Supreme court ruling broke apart the Trust
What is a Muckraker?
“They had chains which they fastened about the leg of the nearest hog, and the other end of the chain they hooked into one of the rings upon the wheel. So, as the wheel turned, a hog was suddenly jerked off his feet and borne aloft. At the same instant the ear was assailed by a most terrifying shriek; the visitors started in alarm, the women turned pale and shrank back. The shriek was followed by another, louder and yet more agonizing--for once started upon that journey, the hog never came back; at the top of the wheel he was shunted off upon a trolley and went sailing down the room. And meantime another was swung up, and then another, and another, until there was a double line of them, each dangling by a foot and kicking in frenzy--and squealing.
The main goal of the Muckrakers was to raise awareness of social injustices, inequality, corruption and the abuse of political power in order to bring about reform.
The uproar was appalling, perilous to the ear-drums; one feared there was too much sound for the room to hold--that the walls must give way or the ceiling crack. There were high squeals and low squeals, grunts, and wails of agony; there would come a momentary lull, and then a fresh outburst, louder than ever, surging up to a deafening climax. It was too much for some of the visitors--the men would look at each other, laughing nervously, and the women would stand with hands clenched, and the blood rushing to their faces, and the tears starting in their eyes. Meantime, heedless of all these things, the men upon the floor were going about their work.
Neither squeals of hogs nor tears of visitors made any difference to them; one by one they hooked up the hogs, and one by one with a swift stroke they slit their throats. There was a long line of hogs, with squeals and life-blood ebbing away together; until at last each started again, and vanished with a splash into a huge vat of boiling water. It was all so very businesslike that one watched it fascinated. It was pork-making by machinery, pork-making by applied mathematics. And yet somehow the most matter-of-fact person could not help thinking of the hogs; they were so innocent, they came so very trustingly; and they were so very human in their protests--and so perfectly within their rights!
some examples of muckrakers are...
They had done nothing to deserve it; and it was adding insult to injury, as the thing was done here, swinging them up in this cold-blooded, impersonal way, without a pretence at apology, without the homage of a tear. Now and then a visitor wept, to be sure; but this slaughtering-machine ran on, visitors or no visitors. It was like some horrible crime committed in a dungeon, all unseen and unheeded, buried out of sight and of memory.”
― Upton Sinclair, The Jungle
"The muckrakers' best work provided hard-hitting, factual revelations of wrongdoing in the nation's most powerful institutions."
"The muckrakers’ work grew out of the yellow journalism of the 1890s, which whetted the public appetite for news arrestingly presented, and out of popular magazines, especially those established by S.S. McClure, Frank A. Munsey, and Peter F. Collier."
The government ended up inspecting it and in the end it was true what he said.
Sinclair was a socialist.