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OCD

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Sabrina Jain

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of OCD

OCD{Obsessive Compulsive Disorder}
Symptoms
-fear of dirt or contamination by germs
-need for order, symmetry, or exactness
-excessive doubt and need for constant reassurance
-fear of thinking evil or sinful thoughts
-fear of making a mistake

Diagnosis
-doctors assess a patient's symptoms, including frequencies of tics and types of rituals
-must meet criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of of Mental Disorders published by American Psychiatric Association
Must meet following criteria:
-have obsessions, compulsions, or both
-might not realize these habits are strange
-habits are time consuming and interfere with daily routine
Risk Factors
-Having parents or other family members with the disorder can increase your risk of developing OCD.
-experiencing traumatic or stressful events can cause strong reacts to stress and the risk may increase. This reaction triggers the intrusive thoughts, rituals and emotional distress characteristics
-Women with OCD can have an increase of systems during pregnancy and postpartum. They can develop obsessions and compulsions about the baby, putting it in harms way.
-Everyday environmental stressors like relationship problems, moving, and changes in hobbies can worsen OCD.
-people with OCD are at greater risk of having dangerously low Serotonin levels, which can cause depression.
Warning Signs
-Constant counting, mentally or aloud, while performing routine tasks
-eating foods in a specific way
-needing to perform tasks a certain number of times
-repeatedly washing hands, bathing, or showering
-refusing to shake hands or touch doorknobs
Treatment
OCD can not go away by itself so it is crucial for the patients to seek treatment. The treatment depends on how severe the case is. One example of treatment would be cognitive behavioral therapy. This treatment involves the patients reducing their anxiety through confronting their fears. It also focuses on reducing the exaggerated thinking that patients with OCD experience. Another example of treatment would be medication therapy which includes antidepressants. In some cases, a patient might not respond to either of these treatments, then further steps such as being hospitalized might be necessary.
Obsessions
-you have recurring, persistent, unwelcome thoughts, impulses, images that cause stress
-you try to ignore the thoughts or suppress with compulsions
Compulsions
-repetitive behavior you feel obligated to do
-try to neutralize obsession with another thought
-behaviors are supposed to prevent or reduce stress, but aren't related whatsoever to the stress you are trying to reduce
Bibliography
http://anxiety-treatments.com/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/

http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/taboo/videos/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/

http://img07.deviantart.net/1c79/i/2010/051/0/8/i_do_not_have_ocd_by_onlyananachronism.jpg

http://justkeepbreathingcampaign.weebly.com/uploads/3/7/9/4/37947277/884102_orig.jpg

http://www.mountsinai.org/patient-care/service-areas/psychiatry/areas-of-care/obsessive-compulsive-disorder/diagnosis- OCD diagnosis photo

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/nhs/11793788/Iodine-supplements-for-pregnant-women-could-boost-IQ-and-save-NHS-thousands.html

https://www.anxiety.org/intensive-residential-ocd-treatment-explained

Kant, Jared Douglas., Martin Franklin, and Linda Wasmer. Andrews. The Thought That Counts: A Firsthand Account of One Teenager's Experience with Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.

"Obsessive-compulsive Disorder." - Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2015.

"OCD in Children and Adults: Symptoms, Causes, and More." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 14
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