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TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE
Transcript of TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE
Total Physical Response (TPR) is a language teaching method originally developed by Dr. James Asher in the 1970s
TPR is a way of using movement, gesture and group dynamics, linked with spoken language in the form of commands, to create an atmosphere in which learners quickly and easily acquire comprehension of new vocabulary and structures.
This method allows students to react to language without thinking too much, facilitates long term retention.
To teach oral proficiency at a beginning level.
Comprehension is a means to an end.
The ultimate aim is to teach basic speaking skills.
Students must be able to produce the language confidently.
Complete beginners students of other language
1) The teacher gives a command and performs it.
2) The teacher asks for two students who will perform the action with him/her while the others watch.
3) After this, all students in the class has to perform and repeat the commands given by the teacher.
4) The teacher asks to perform the commands into groups.
5) After some sessions, when students have assimilated for sure all the information provided, we can find three different ways for students to experiment the language by themselves.
TEN LITTLE INDIANS
It does not need any translation
It is like a new playing field
It reduces pressure and stress for students
It is a different style of teaching and learning
It is perfect for team-teaching
It is a good method to work with students with special needs
It is difficult to prove a real progress at short-term
It is only successful in beginners speaking students
It is recommended to groups of a small number of students
TPR was created by James J. Asher on 1960s.
TPR was well known between 70s and 80s.
Krashen affirms that reduction of stress is a key to success language acquisition.
According to Asher, TPR should be associated with other methods and techniques.
TPR is a technique which creates motivation among teachers and students.
Some students of the class can give the teachers´ commands and the rest of the class can perform them.
Students can work in pairs and give commands and perform them in turns.
Students model the commands in solitary for the rest of the class.
Experiment the Language
Mª Elena Cano Molina
Mª Teresa Hornos Ruíz
Trinidad Moral Rubio
Antonia Juárez Sola
Ana María Rueda Gómez
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