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Ireland

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Daniel Miranda

on 30 April 2014

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Transcript of Ireland

Area : 70 280 Km2
Water : 2 %
Lands under cultivation : 13 %
Wild pasture lands : 68 %
Forests : 5 %

Population 4,775,982
Age structure
Demogragraphy
Population growth rate 1.16%
Birth rate 15.5 births/1,000 population
Death rate 6.41 deaths/1,000 population
Net migration rate 2.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population
Urbanization urban population: 62% of total population
Rate of urbanization: 1.8% annual rate of change
30 /04/2014
GEOGRAPHY
Major cities - population DUBLIN (capital) 1.084 million
Mother's mean age at first birth 29.8
Infant mortality rate total: 3.78 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 4.16 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 3.38 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth total population: 80.44 years
Male: 78.18 years
Female: 82.83 years
Total fertility rate 2.01 children born/woman
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.2%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 6,900
HIV/AIDS - deaths fewer than 100
Drinking water source improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population


Facts
Ethnic groups Irish 87.4%, other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, black 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, unspecified 1.6% (2006 census)
Religions Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census)
Languages English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken mainly in areas along the western coast)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education
total: 19 years
male: 19 years
female: 19 years

Education expenditures 6.5% of GDP
Maternal mortality rate 6 deaths/100,000 live births
Health expenditures 9.4% of GDP
Physicians density 3.187 physicians/1,000 population
Hospital bed density 3.2 beds/1,000 population
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.2%


Rank 55th (PPP 2012)
Currency 1 Euro = 100-cent(s)
Fiscal year Calendar year
Trade organisations EU, WTO and OECD
Statistics
GDP €163.9bn (2012, current prices)[1][2]
GDP growth +0.2% (Real, 2012)[1]
GDP per capita $36,754 (PPP, 2013 )
GDP by sector services (69%), industry (29%), agriculture (2%) (2010 est.)

Inflation (CPI) +1.9%
Population
Below poverty line 6.2%
Gini coefficient 33.1
Labor force 2.182 million
Labor force
By occupation services (78%), industry (19%), agriculture (5%)
Unemployment 11.9%
Main industries pharmaceuticals, chemicals, computer hardware and software, food products, beverages and brewing, medical devices.
Ease of doing business rank 15th
Policy Division
Ireland is divided between
the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island,
and Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom

Exports $119.03 billion (2013 )
Export goods machinery and equipment, computers, chemicals, medical devices, pharmaceuticals, food products, animal products.
Main export partners United States 21.0%
United Kingdom 14%
Belgium 13%
Germany 8%
Switzerland 5.7%
France 4.5% (2013)[7]

Imports $67.9 billion (2013)
Import goods data processing equipment, other machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum and petroleum products, textiles, clothing.
Main import partners United Kingdom 32.0%
United States 11%
Germany 8%
China 6% (2013)[8]
Gross external debt $2.295 trillion (31 March 2013)

Natural Resource
Include natural gas, petroleum, peat, copper, lead, blueberries, dolomite, barite, limestone, gypsum, silver and some zinc.
Key industries based on these and other natural resources include fishing, foresting, mining, livestock, and other forms of agriculture and fish farming.
New and renewable energy projects include other hydroelectric, solar, and wind power initiatives.

Capital: Dublín
Population : 4,591,087 people
Conclusions
SWOT ANALYSIS
Here we analyze the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats that Ireland has to make business in this country
Strenghths
POLITICAL
Ireland is a well-established parliamentary democracy with strong political institutions.
Political stability has been much improved following the emergence of a power-sharing government in Northern Ireland, which appears to be making steady progress in trying to end over 25 years of secessionist violence and unrest.

ECONOMIC
Ireland has a highly educated and dynamic workforce. Measured by value added per person employed per year, the country has the second highest labour productivity in the world, after the United States.
Ireland's public sector is smaller than the majority of its European counterparts, which is important given the difficult fiscal position the country is currently in.
Weaknesses
Ireland's shaky fiscal situation opened its policy-making process up to increased interference from the EU and reduced political freedom for its politicians, due originally to the terms of the EU85bn bailout exited in 2014 and to the country's ongoing membership of the eurozone currency union.
Due to its membership of the eurozone currency union, Ireland lacks having an independent monetary policy and its own currency, removing useful tools for the central bank to try and drive growth and keep prices in check.
The country must undergo painful internal adjustments to meet the terms of its IMF/EU loans, which is likely to weigh on growth for the next few years.
The collapse of the Irish property bubble has presented the country with an opportunity to develop a more diversified economy, transferring workers out of the construction sectors and into more sustainable areas.
The Fine Gael/Labour coalition enjoys a strong mandate for the implementation of fiscal austerity measures, and holds over 64% of the seats in the Dáil Éireann (lower house).
There is scope for the privatisation of state assets as the government seeks to raise funds to reduce its hefty debt load.
Threats
Growing dissatisfaction with austerity could lead the coalition to turn away from austerity in a bid to gain votes in the run up to the parliamentary elections planned for 2016, which would weigh on investor perceptions of Ireland's sovereign credit risk profile.
Despite the government's stringent commitment to fiscal austerity, Ireland's debt dynamics remain unstable, with the ratio of debt-to-GDP above 120%.
The Pharmaceutical industry, which accounts for over 50% of the value of all Irish exports, is becoming increasingly exposed to competition from major generics abroad, as their patents end and governments around the world seek to reduce healthcare costs.
Dublin Population: 1,110,627 it is considered among the top 30 cities in the world .

IRELAND
Cork Population: 198,582 known for its heavy industries, Cork has now transformed to a city that is equipped with great IT companies and chemical plants
Limerik Population: 91,454
Ireland is the third largest island in Europe and boasts the 2nd highest GDP per capita in the EU
ethnic groups
Ethnic
Irish 87.4%
Other white 7.5%, Asian 1.3%, Black 1.1%, Mixed 1.1%, Unspecified 1.6% (2006)
Best cities in Ireland
Religion
Languages
Irish Gaelic is recognised as the first
official language of the Republic of Ireland.
The other official language,
which is more commonly used, is English.
Around 30% of the 3.5m population
are able to speak Irish, and 5% use it regularly.

Opportunities
Conclusions
Although political risk in Ireland is generally quite low, the country's severe economic downturn has increased the propensity for social unrest and dissatisfaction with the political elite.

The Real GDP growth forecast based upon the view that consumption should finally begin a recovery. We believe labour market conditions should improve modestly, as steady export growth begins translating into higher wages and lower unemployment, while stabilising house prices provide a boost to consumers' net wealth and willingness to spend. Nevertheless, the recovery is likely to be a slow and painful one, with any improvements in living standards for citizens taken against a low base, and real incomes likely to remain well-below pre-crisis peaks for some time to come. Ireland's score of 61.7 (out of 100) in our short-term economic risk ratings reflects these issues, and places the country in 57th place out of 175 countries in our proprietary global risk rankings, below Iceland.
Historical or Traditional Division

The island is divide into four major provinces : Leinster , Connaught, Munster and Ulster.

Administrative Division
Ireland is divided into 30 administrative regions .
Since 1973 Northern Ireland is divided administrative into 26 districts.
Government

The Government and politics of Ireland is a parliamentary representative democratic republic.

The state is a republic with a parliamentary system, the political landscape is dominates by Fianna Fàil and Fine Gael .

The State is a member of the European Union

The executive power is exercised by a cabinet.

The legislative power is vested in the Oirechtas, the national bicameral parliament.
Political Parties

Unionist Parties
DUP
(Democratic Unionist Party)
UUP
(Ulster Unionist Party )
PUP
(Progressive Unionist Party)
UCC
(United Unionist Coalition )
TUV
(Traditional Unionist Voice )

Nationalist Parties

SDLP
( Social Democratic and Labour Party )
SF
( Sinn Fèin, We)
PSF
( Provisional Sinn Fèin)
OSF
(Official Sinn Fèin)

others
APNI
( Alliance Party of Northern Ireland)
U3W
( Ulster Third Way )
NIWC
( Coalition of Women in Northern Ireland)
Labour party
Comhaontas Glas



The presidential term and the possibility of re-election

The President of Ireland , who serves as head of state , is elected directly by universal suffrage by the instant runoff system .
His term is seven years in length, and may be reappointed once. The president has general protocol functions, but has certain constitutional powers and functions, assisted bye the State Council, and advisory body.

Political Situation

Michael D. Higgins , is the President of Ireland and President of Labor , in the past he was Minister of culture .

Enda Kenny Taoiseach ( Prime Minister of Ireland).



Michael D.
Enda K.
For 10 years has been the fight against violence , since the signing of the Good Friday Agreement , which was to ens the existing terrorist Violence in Northern Ireland. The government over the years has been waiting , mobilizing and taking advantage to reduce terrorism cases.
These policy division are related to a cultural divide

The unionist are largely Protestan,descendants of mainly Scottish, English , welsh and Huguenot settlers as well as the native iris who become some of the protestant denominations.

Nationalist are predominantly cCholic and descendants of the pre-occupation with a minority population of scottish highlanders as well as some converts from protestantism to Catholicism
The crisis will end the current Irish government next January (2010)

The economic problems that the European population suffered in the last years and which was severely affected Ireland, was a problem to be solved for the government.
The image of political party in government has been affected bye the way the had handled the crisis, the different decisions cost them the election of the following year.


Ireland goes without crutches Rescue ( 2013 )

The decision not to use more support for Ireland crisis is seen more as a political gesture than an economic reality .
The government believes that banks will not need more capital .

References
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