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Rare Psychological Disorders

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Tara Hawkinson

on 14 May 2014

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Transcript of Rare Psychological Disorders

Rare Psychological Disorders
Fregoli Syndrome
Cotard Delusion
Capgras Syndrome
Alien Hand Syndrome
Reduplicative Paramnesia
Todd Syndrome
Jerusalem Syndrome
Paris Syndrome
Riley-Day Syndrome
Stockholm Syndrome
Lima Syndrome/Reverse
Stockholm Syndrome

Stendhal Syndrome
Diogenes Syndrome
Münchausen Syndrome
Apotemnophilia / Acrotomophilia
Mitchell Murrell, Tara Hawkinson and Kayla Kerch
You think that an identical looking imposter has take the place of a loved one.

Caused by head injuries and conditions like Alzheimers.
Lost connection between the right temporal lobe and the area that provides emotional responses to faces.

Habilitation Therapy: enter their reality, never argue or correct them, create positive experiences for them
No biological treatments.
Suspected that it is caused by being overwhelmed by religious landmarks and artifacts.

People believe they are they are the Messiah, Jesus, or God speaking to his people.
They stop bathing, preach/pray until they are too physically exhausted to continue, fast/starve, and often introduce themselves as Jesus or the Messiah.

Treated with mild tranquilizers and antipsychotics.
Also advised to leave the area.
Caused by a change in the prefontal
cortex; causes poor decision making.

Symptoms include living isolated,
aggressive behavior, abnormal
possessiveness and rarely leaving home.
Hoarding, lack of hygiene.

Treated with interventions and meeting
with a therapist weekly.
Very similar to Capgras Syndrome, but instead of people, patients believe that a place has been duplicated or is existing in another dimension.

Caused by brain injuries, usually to the right cerebral cortex and the prefrontal lobe simultaneously.

Symptoms include disorientation, denial, and out-of-body experiences.

Drugs should be avoided.
Patients have fetishes to cut off their limbs.
Symptoms include missing limbs, fingers, and physical scars.
Treated with cognitive behavioral therapy.
Caused by brain damage, tumors, strokes.

Patients speak in a distorted rhythm and their sentences don't make sense.

Treated by speech therapy and counseling.
-Visual Memory Deficit
-Deficit in self-awareness
-History of seizure
-Deficit in cognitive flexibilty
-Affected hand shows action that the
affected person is unaware of
-Affected person becomes aware when
the affected hand catches their attention
-Belief that they are posessed/
belief that an alien has taken
over the hand
-Emotional Disturbance & Sensory Perceptions
-Feeling of being threatened all the time
-Fear from everyone from Paris
-Victim has positive feelings toward abuser
-Victim has negative feelings toward family, friends & authorities
-Victim supports or helps the abuser
-Abuser feels sympathy toward the victim
-Abuser has positive feelings toward the victim
-Abuser wants to help and support the victim
-Excessive exercising
-Constant mirror-checking
-Constantly checking muscle
-Exercising when injured
-Extreme anxiety when a
workout is missed
-Use of steroids to increase
muscle mass
-Overdosing on supplements
-Overspending on workout products
& diet products
-Extreme attention to diet
-Avoiding social situations where more
muscular individuals may be present
"walking corpse syndrome"
Malfunction in fusiform gyrus, amygdala and lesions in parietal lobe.
Think they are dead, decomposing or non-existant.
Cure unknown
"Alice in wonderland syndrome"
Muscumol, hallucinogen
Migraines, perceive objects differently
Altered sense of time and touch
Genitive, only passed own from both parents.
Insensitive to pain
Breath holding spells, vomiting, seizures
Dizziness, fainting, confusion, hallucinations
Existence still questioned.
Fake disease, illness or trauma for attention
Able to produce symptoms
Failed aspirations to work in medical field, trauma as a child, personality disorders, low self-esteem.
Feel the need to inflict pain on self, and to devour portions of own body.
Lab rats have similar issues, spinal cord and peripheral nerve injuries
Full transcript