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Transcript of Behavior Toolkit
for all learners James Fritzler
firstname.lastname@example.org Susan G. Friedman, Ph.D.
www.behaviorworks.org Teaching new behaviors to learners in your care is not rocket science: It's behavior science! Tool Assembly Teaching Flowchart Toolkit Parts 1 & 2 Define the behavior you want the learner to do; this is the target behavior. What does this behavior look like?
Can you describe it without saying what the behavior isn't? Without saying "Stop being X" or "Stop [verb]ing"
Can you describe it without using any LABELS?... Split the target behavior into smaller steps to shape. Think of ways the behavior can be divided into smaller responses to make the behavior easier to learn. Create a supportive environment before the behavior occurs. What in the environment has prevented this behavior in the past?
What can you change in the surroundings to make the behavior easier to do? What cues will signal the learner to do the behavior?
What prompts will clarify the target behavior? What is the natural outcome of this behavior?
Is it worthwhile enough for the learner to maintain the behavior in the long run?
Consider different types of reinforcers: tangible items, social interaction, activities, sensory stimulus and escape from aversive events Identify long-term reinforcers, i.e., the naturally occurring benefits of this behavior for the learner. Identify short-term "jump-start" (contrived) reinforcers for teaching this behavior. What extraordinary reinforcers will initially motivate the learner to do this behavior?
Are these reinforcers specific and customized to this learner?
Can these reinforcers be faded-out as the behavior is mastered, so that only naturally occurring reinforcers maintain the behavior?
Examples: praise, edible treats, gentle touch, toy, etc. Labels don’t describe behavior! Labels are adjectives;
behaviors are verbs. But, they often describe how you feel about the behavior. Examples of Labels... abnormal
touchy There are lots more!
Don't use them!
Instead, describe what you see the learner doing. Also available as a printable PDF! Did that already. The Behavior Toolkit is available as a printable PDF at www.behaviorworks.org under "Downloads" Get out there and teach well! by verb: any word that serves to indicate the occurrence or performance of an action. modeling
physical assistance Version 1.0