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Albany Congress

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May Robison

on 10 October 2012

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Transcript of Albany Congress

May, Anthony, Ben Albany Congress What was the Albany Congress The Albany Congress was a meeting between
representatives from seven of the thirteen British colonies (specifically, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island), as well as representatives of the Iroquois Confederation. The conference took place in Albany, New York, in June of 1754. Goals of the Albany Congress The goals of the Congress were to:
1) Ally with the Iroquois confederacy because they were fierce warriors who knew the land and wanted to win against the French because of the French's allies.
2) To unite the colonies in order to
defeat the French, and discuss the
Plan of the Union Plan of the Union The Plan of the Union suggested that, united under one leader, the colonies were stronger, and so they should do this. They discussed who should give the orders, and whether the colonists would actually follow the orders. They could not go into battle with several different strategies. Visit the link below to see the entire Plan of the Union:
http://www.constitution.org/bcp/albany.htm What happened to the Iroquois? What happened to the Plan of the Union? Benjamin Franklin was an integral part of the Albany Congress. He was one of the people who proposed the Plan of the Union, and he avidly fought for it, shown in his cartoon which we will discuss later. He was a Pennsylvania delegate along with Benjamin Chew, who we will discuss next. Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Chew was another important part of the Albany Congress. He was the Secretary of Pennsylvania, and represented alongside Benjamin Franklin. He heavily debated the Plan of the Union, however, and questioned whether it would work. Benjamin Chew Thomas Hutchinson was a delegate
from Massachusetts. He was one of the
members of the Albany Congress who
was elected to draw up the Plan of
the Union alongside Benjamin
Franklin. He was in favor
of the Plan of the
Union. Thomas Hutchinson 1775 1754 Timeline Overview Bibliography Feel free to raise your hand Questions? Comments? May, Anthony and Ben
October 4, 2012 Thank you for Watching! http://www.apstudent.com/ushistory/docs1751/joindie.htmhttp://edsitement.neh.gov/lesson-plan/empire-and-identity-american-colonies#sect-backgroundhttp://www.history.org/history/teaching/enewsletter/volume5/november06/primsource.cfmhttp://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/19227http://www.teachamericanhistory.org/File/Join_or_Die_1.pdfhttp://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/19227http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/signers/livingston_p.htmhttp://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/albcon.htmhttp://www.nndb.com/people/195/000049048/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albany_Congresshttp://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/1700_1800_timeline.htm Albany Congress 1755 Population of the British
colonists doubled 1758-1759 The Iroquois refused to help the British.The Iroquois believed that the French and British were fighting over land that they owned, and felt that this battle would result in their obliteration. Also, the Iroquois felt that the French were stronger and had more forts than the British. They did not join either side at the Albany Congress. After the Albany Congress, however, the Iroquois did end up siding with
the British. The English took Fort Duquesne and Fort Louisbourg in 1758, and Quebec (as depicted above) in 1759. 1763 In 1763 Pontiac, an Indian cheif, led an uprising against the British and besieged their military garrisons, but the Indians slowly weakened nevertheless. 1700 1750 The delegates accepted the Plan of Union, but when it was submitted to the colonial assemblies, no one approved it. This is because no colony was willing to give up its powers to a central council. As well as this, the British were worried this would give the Americans a sense of independence. Benjamin Franklin was extremely upset when his Plan of the Union was not passed, and so he published many articles and cartoons in his newspaper about it. See the link below for an analysis of one of his cartoons:
http://www.thinglink.com/scene/305328089070567425#tlsite 1755 In July of 1755 General Braddock was killed when the Indians attacked the British in a forest on their way to Fort Duquesne. Many English and American soldiers were killed. 1740's By the 1740's both the British and the French knew a struggle for land was inevitable.
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