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Greek Philosopher

Holly Loomans

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Aristotle

Stagira, Greece . . Aristotle's Childhood Born 384 B.C. Father- Nicomachus Aristotle Aristotle’s father, Nicomachus, was court physician to the Macedonian king. Nicomachus died when Aristotle was just a young boy, Aristotle remained closely affiliated with and influenced by the Macedonian court for the rest of his life. Its also thought that his mother
died when he was very young. When Aristotle turned 17, Proxenus sent him to Athens to pursue a higher education. At the time, Athens was considered the academic center of the universe. In Athens, Aristotle enrolled in Plato’s Academy. Aristotle was taught personally by Plato who was a student of Socrates. Plato died in 347 B.C. Because Aristotle had disagreed with some of Plato’s philosophical treatises, Aristotle did not inherit the position of director of the academy, as many imagined he would. After Plato died, Aristotle’s friend Hermias, king of Mysia, invited Aristotle to court. During his three-year stay in Mysia, Aristotle met and married his first wife, Pythias, Hermias’ niece. The couple had a daughter, Pythias, named after her mother. In 338 B.C., Aristotle went home to Macedonia to start tutoring King Phillip II’s son, Alexander the Great. Phillip and Alexander thought Aristotle was intelligent enough to teach his son. Aristotle started his own school in Athens, called the Lyceum. Aristotle spent most of the remainder of his life working as a teacher, researcher and writer there. Aristotle was granted a slave from the court who he wed after his first wife died. When Aristotle’s student Alexander the Great died in 323 B.C., the Macedonian government was overthrown, and Aristotle was charge with impiety (lack of religious respect). To avoid being prosecuted, he left Athens. Aristotle studied geology. He attempted to classify animals into genera based on their similar characteristics. He classified animals into species based on if they had red blood and those that did not. The animals with red blood were mostly vertebrates, while the “bloodless” animals were labeled cephalopods. Even though his hypothesis was wrong, Aristotle’s classification was regarded as the standard system for hundreds of years. He also studied Marine biology. he dissected and closely examined the anatomy of marine creatures. Compared to his geological classifications, his observations of marine life, are more accurate. Aristotle was interested by earth sciences.In Meteorology, Aristotle identified the water cycle and discussed natural disasters to astrological events. Although many of his views on the Earth were controversial at the time, they were readopted and popularized during the late Middle Ages. Aristotle's way of classification and thinking was visually created in the future through the use of Venn diagrams. Aristotle’s written work also discussed the topics of matter and form. In his book Metaphysics, he clarified the distinction between the two. To Aristotle, matter was the physical substance of things, while form was the unique nature of a thing that gave it its identity - which the atom does In 322 B.C., Aristotle died of a disease in his digestive organs. 10 years after his passing, his works were no longer used. They became the foundation of more than seven centuries of philosophy. Created the Scientific method Aristotle did not believe in the atomic theory .He thought that all materials on Earth were not made of atoms, but of the four elements. Earth, Fire, Water, and Air. He believed all substances were made of small amounts of these four elements of matter. Most people followed Aristotle’s idea, causing Democritus’ idea- which was that all substances on Earth where made of small particles called atoms- to be over looked for about 2,000 years! Aristotle's view was finally proven incorrect and his teachings are not present in the modern view of the atom.
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