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Morphology

Inflectional and derivational morphology.
by

Simona Pelliccia

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Morphology

Input 1
NOUNS INFLECTIONS
Input 2
VERBS INFLECTIONS
Input 3
Process
MORPHOLOGY
derivational
inflectional
Simona Pelliccia
English Linguistics
2012/2013
INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY
case
number
person
tense
aspect
ADJECTIVES INFLECTIONS
INFLECTIONAL AFFIXATION
Output 1
NOUNS INFLECTIONS
Martin
's
wife
two dog
s
Output 2
VERBS INFLECTIONS
It sound
s
good
It sound
ed
good
It is sound
ing
good
Output 3
ADJECTIVES INFLECTIONS
Jack is sound
er
than Mike
Jack is the sound
est
boy in his class
DEGREE:
- genitive -
's
- plural -
s
- III person present
-s
- progressive
-ing
- past
-ed
comparative
-er
superlative
-est
DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY
affixation
compounding
clipping
acronym
conversion
blending
1 lexical morpheme
+
1 or more derivational affixes
prefix-
un-
a-
mis-
dis-
re-
en-
in-
-suffix
-al
-er
-ism
-ist
-ful
-ship
-able
-ness
-ly
-ify
free morpheme
+
free morpheme
N+N
house (N)
breakfast lunch
=
brunch
motorcar diver hotel
=
motel
->
to house
(V)
->
to rebel
(V)
rebel (N)
television
=
telly
refrigerator
=
fridge
United States of America
U
S
A
=
USA
Unidentified Flying Object
=
UFO
U
F
O
A+N
...
P +V
A+V
=
horse shoe
=
blackbird
=
dry-clean
=
overreact
Full transcript