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Spoken Language, Oral Culture
Transcript of Spoken Language, Oral Culture
Speech & Writing
Seven characteristics of conventional speech as distinguished from writing:
is defined over against the written word and was coined by literate people within a context of
Participants in verbal interactions carve out for themselves and for each other a cultural space of reference in which they take up various social roles.
The spoken medium is directly linked to the time of its enunciation and to the perception.
On the other hand....
Writing has been able to overcome the ephemeral, auditory nature of spoken language by translating it into more permanent, visible signs on a page.
Speech is transient, rather than permanent.
Written language can be stored, retrieved, and recollected and responses can be delayed.
Speech is additive or rhapsodic.
Writing is hierarchically ordered within the clause structure, and is linearly arranged on the page, from left to right, right to left, or top to bottom.
Speech is aggregative.
Writing has come to be viewed as the medium that fosters analysis, logical reasoning and abstract categorization.
Speech is redundant or copious.
Written language tends to avoid redundancy.
Speech is loosely structured and is lexically sparse.
Writing is grammatically compact and lexically dense.
Speech tends to be people-
Writing tends to be topic-centered.
Speech is context dependent.
Writing is context-reduced.
A memo, an e-mail, an informal letter, a conversation or a homily, are written in the orate mode.
An academic lecture, a scientific presentation, are spoken in the literate mode.
In conclusion, technology per se, doesn´t determine the way we think, but it does serve to enhance and give power to one way of thinking over another. Also it is always linked to power, as power is linked to domain cultures. The cultural matrix of language is used in verbal exchanges. The social structure of a discourse community is reflected, constructed, and perpetuated by the way its members use the language to define their position vis-à-vis others.