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Copy of Philosophies of WSM and CAM/TM
Transcript of Copy of Philosophies of WSM and CAM/TM
treatments of disease, not of people.
For example – drugs, surgery, biotechnologies.
Philosophies of WSM and CAM/TM
We are now looking at them in more detail
Western Scientific Medicine
Traditional and Complementary/Alternative medicine
Doctors assess patients in order to
illness using clinical knowledge.
and physical examination. It involves analysis of all
information to come up with a possible diagnosis and treatment plan
Medicine is defined as the
and art of healing. It maintains and restores health by preventing and treating
WSM is based on
research and development.
WSM views the body as a well-oiled machine, with body systems which work effectively for the body to function and for the body to be healthy. It was working parts that are
as they become
worn out or broken.
WSM is organised around the theory of diseases, which believes that a person becomes sick because s/he contracts a disease. Each disease is seen as
, which can be fully understood
without regard to the person
it afflicts or the
in which it occurs.
CAM and TM 1
Alternative systems of healing supply a perspective that can help to
"one size fits all"
philosophy of Western medical practice.
CAM/TM approaches sickness as a dynamic event in the life of an individual, a problem of balance and relationship, the result of
between the sick person and his/her environment.
The diagnostic and therapeutic focus is always
on the person
who is ill and the
in which the illness occurs, rather than on the disease itself.
CAM AND TM 3
Although different, the major CAM/TM systems have many common characteristics, including a focus on
treating the whole person
, and recognizing the
of each individual. In addition, many CAM/TM systems have characteristics commonly found in WSM, such as a focus on good nutrition. Unlike mainstream medicine, CAM/TM often lacks or has only limited experimental and clinical study.
There are five groups of CAM/TM:
The term 'alternative medicine' is generally used to describe practices used instead of conventional medicine. The term 'complementary medicine' is primarily used to describe practices used in conjunction with or to complement conventional medical treatments.
CAM AND TM 2
CAM AND TM
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
. It can work with western medicine
- can work with WSM too
Whole medical systems: cut across more than one of the other groups. EG: Traditional Chinese medicine, Naturopathy, Homeopathy
Mind-body medicine: Explores the interconnection between the mind, body, and spirit. EG:
Aromatherapy, hypnotherapy, meditation
Biology-based practices: use substances found in nature such as herbs, foods, vitamins, and
other natural substances
Manipulative and body-based practices: Manipulation or movement of body parts. EG:
chiropractic and osteopathic manipulation
Energy medicine: is a domain that deals with energy fields. EG Reiki, light/colour therapy,