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FINAL PLANNING SCHEDULING CONTROLLING

FINAL PLANNING SCHEDULING CONTROLLING
by

ABHISHEK MORAJKAR

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of FINAL PLANNING SCHEDULING CONTROLLING

PLANNING SCHEDULING & CONTROLLING OF
CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
Abhishek V. Morajkar
Shreyas D. Bhore
Vikas V. Jadhav
Venkatesh J. Badugu





PLANNING
SCHEDULING
INTRODUCTION
A project plan is a formal, approved document that is used to manage and control a project.

HISTORY

Project Management has been practice for thousands of years since the Egyptians Era.

Planning Stimulation
This is done by study of following documents
The available technical and commercial studies and investigations.
Designs and drawings.
Estimate of quantities.
Construction method statements.
Project planning data.
Contract documents.
Site conditions.
Working regulations.
Market survey.

Designs and Drawing planning.
Time Planning.
Resource Planning & Budgeting.
Communications Planning.
Quality Assurance Planning.
Organizational Planning.
Construction Contacts Procurements Planning.
Resources Mobilization Planning.
Site Administration & Layout Planning.
Workers Safety, Health & Environment Protection Planning.
Risk Response Planning.

Evolving Plan
Planning Benefits:
It breaks down project objectives.
performing its functions efficiently and effectively.
It is the spine of the system.
measuring progress and evaluation resources.
It promotes unity of functional diversities.
Coordinating the efforts of different individuals among the project.

Actual Involvement of Planning
Choice of technology.
Definition of work tasks.
Estimation of required resources.
Duration for individual tasks.
Coordination among work tasks.
Identifying the tasks.

RESOURCES OF PLANNING
Planning Construction Man Power
It is primarily concern with estimating workers productivity, scheduling manpower employment and structuring it into works team and work groups, with view to economically match manpower supply with the task requirement.

Planning Construction Materials:
ABC Analysis
Material Wastage Standard
Materials Provisioning Process

Planning & Selecting of Equipment Construction Equipments:
Task Considerations.

Site Constraints.
 
Equipment Suitability.
 
Operating Reliability.
 
Maintainability.
 
Economic Considerations.
 
Commercial Considerations.
 

Introduction
Graphical representation which shows the phasing rate of construction activities with starting and completion dates.
Sequential relationship among various activities or operations in a project.

Purpose of Project scheduling
Shows the relationship of each activity to others and to the whole project.
Identifies the precedence relationships among activities.
Encourages the setting of realistic time and cost estimates for each activity.
Helps make better use of people, money, and material resources by identifying critical bottlenecks in the project.

Methods of Scheduling
Bar or Gantt chart
Milestone Charts
Network Analysis

BAR or Grantt Chart
NETWORK ANAYLSIS
Common terms to be used in Network techniques:
Activity
Event
Dummy Activities

PERT
(Program Evaluation and Review Technique)
Developed by the U.S. Navy along with management consultancy firm for its Polaris Missile Program.
Event oriented technique.
Three time estimates are required to compute the parameters of an activity’s duration distribution:


pessimistic time (tp )
most likely time (tm )
optimistic time (to )

When you know:
The expected completion time
Its variance
You can calculate the probability of completing the project in “X” weeks with the following formula:






Where DT = the specified completion date
EFPath = the expected completion time of the path

CPM(Critical path method)
Discovered jointly by Dupont and Remington Rand Univac in 1957.
It is an activity oriented technique.
Used for planning, controlling and reviewing a project.
Follows the deterministic approach.
Cost is the governing factor.
Used for repetitive type of projects.

LOB(LINE OF BALANCE)
Shows the project schedule in a unique format.
Well suited for project where the activities are of a repetitive nature
Shows the rate at which the work that makes up all the activities should be undertaken to stay on the schedule.
Shows relationship between groups of activities
Visualize time and space conflict between activities.

These type of charts were introduced by Henry Gantt
Graphical way of showing task durations, project schedule
Used only for small projects.

Work breakdown structure
A method of breaking down a project into individual elements
Defines tasks
Foundation of project planning
Developed before identification of dependencies and estimation of activity durations
Used to identity the tasks in the CPM and PERT.

CONTROLLING
SCOPE
To do planning scheduling controlling of a residential building(based on our theorotical knowledge and intelligence) and compare the results with actual results(which are obtained from the skilled and qualified management team)
To make use of
MICROSOFT PROJECT SOFTWARE
for scheduling of residential building.
MICROSOFT PROJECT
Using Microsoft project we will:
document project tasks,
build a schedule,
assign resources,
track progress and
make changes until your project is complete

BENEFITS OF CONTROLLING
Productivity of resources
Economise the employment of resources
Enable understanding f time & cost behavior
Provide early warning signal of ensuring danger
Update resources planning and costing norms
Prevent pilferages and frauds
Assist in formulating bonus schemes for motivating people

CONTROL SYSTEM FRAMEWORK
It focuses on:
Processing of the cost monitoring reports
Analysing the cost variance from the baseline
Determining the causes for cost changes
Taking decisions

IMPORTANT TERMINOLOGY-
Planned cost
Standard cost
Earned value
Production cost
COST CONTROL
COST CONTROL TYPES
DIRECT COST CONTROL
CONTRIBUTION CONTROL
BUDGETED COST CONTROL

Time Cost relationship
TERMINOLOGY
NORMAL TIME
CRASH TIME
NORMAL COST
CRASH COST
COST SLOPE-

COST SLOPE = (CRASH COST - NORMAL COST)/(NORMAL TIME- CRASH TIME)

Product and Quality Control
Necessity and Importance.
Control Measures.
Quality Inspection.
Product Rework.
Quality Audit.
Quality Control Tools and Techniques.
Benefits of Product Quality Control.

Methodology.
Time-keeper’s Time Record.
Foreman’s Daily employment Report.
Site Engineer’s Weekly labour pro. Report.
Causes of Low Labour productivity.

Labour productivity control
Equipment control
Daily equipment accounting.
Weekly equipment productivity sheet.
Equipment Productivity analysis.
Materials Productivity Control
Accounting for construction materials.
Materials Stock Accounting
Monthly Stock taking of selected Materials.
Materials wastage analysis.
PROJECT ON
BY
THANK YOU
FOR YOUR
PRECIOUS TIME
MONITORING
COMPARING &
CORRECTING WORK PERFORMANCE

INTRODUCTION
It’s the Process of
TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH PERT
Full transcript