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Short Story Elements Review- The Mouse
Transcript of Short Story Elements Review- The Mouse
A compartment on a train
there are seats, storage bins above, and some type of hangings
This essential to know because the reader is unable to exit the train to deal with his predicament Time: historical period, time of day, year. When is the story taking place? Place: geographical place. Where is the action of the story taking taking place? Social Conditions: Local Colour - writing that focuses on the speech, dress, mannerisms, customs, etc. of a particular place. What is the daily life of the character's like? Mood or Atmosphere: What feeling is created at the beginning of the story? Is it bright and cheerful or dark and frightening? The plot is how the author arranges events to develop their basic idea; it is a sequence of events in a story. There are 5 essential parts. 1. Exposition: the beginning of the story where the characters and setting is revealed. 2. Rising Action: This is where the events in the story become complicated and the conflict in the story is revealed. These are the events between the introduction and the climax. 3. Climax: This is the highest point of interest and the turning point of the story. The reader wonders what will happen next; will the conflict be resolved or not? 4. Falling Action: The events and complications begin to resolve themselves. The reader knows what has happened next and if the conflict was resolved or not. These are the events between the climax and denouement. 5. Resolution: Brief part of the story where loose ends are tied up and reveals what happens to the character(S) as a result of the conflict. Usually contains a strong emotional appeal. "happily ever after" Plot Setting The time and location in which a story is placed is called the setting. For some stories the setting is very important, while for others it is not. There are several aspects of a story's setting to consider when examining how setting contributes to a story (some, or all may, be present in the story. Exposition: Thoedoric, a prissy man, boards a train car which he shares with a woman after leaving a vicarage The Mouse Rising Action: Theodoric realizes a mouse has found its way into his suit, so he attempts to get rid of it without waking the woman who shares his compartment. Climax: Theodoric's attempts become more determined until he has no choice but to disrobe; then, the female wakes from her sleep to Theodoric's utter embarrassment. Falling Action: Theodoric attempts to explain the reason for his state of undress without dying of humiliation. Resolution: The woman happens to be blind. Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution Conflict is essential to plot Without conflict there is no plot It is the opposition of forces which ties one incident to another and makes the plot move Conflict is not limited to open arguments, rather it is any form or opposition that faces the main character Within a story there may be only one central struggle, or there may be one dominant struggle with many minor ones Conflict There are 2 types of conflict: 1. External: A struggle with a force outside one's self 2. Internal: A struggle within one's self; a person must make some decision, overcome pain, quiet their temper, resist an urge, etc. There are 6 kinds of conflict: 1. Man vs. Man (physical): The leading character struggles with his physical strength against other, men, forces of nature, or animals. 2. Man vs. Circumstances (classical): The leading character struggles against fate, or the circumstances of life facing him/her. 3. Man vs. Society (social): The leading character struggles against ideas, practices, or customs of other people. 4. Man vs. Himself/Herself (psychological): The leading character struggles with himself/herself: with his/her own soul, ideas of right or wrong, physical limitations, choices, etc. The Mouse Character vs. Self The conflict in the story concerns Theodoric's struggle to free himself of the mouse despite having to disrobe in front of a woman, which is against everything his mother taught him. Character There are 2 meanings to the word character: 1. The person in a work of fiction 2. The characteristics of a person Persons in a Work of Fiction Protagonist: The character that is central to the story with all major events having some importance to this character Antagonist: The opposer of the main character Characterization In order for a story to seem real to the reader its characters must seem real. Characterization is the information the author gives the reader about the characters themselves. The author may reveal a character in several ways: The Mouse Protagonist: The prudish mama's boy- Theodoric who seems to look down on things other men would take in stride. Antagonist: The pesky mouse which moves the action forward by placing Theodoric in his awful predicament Point of View Point of view, or p.o.v., is defined as the angle from which the story is told. Limited Stream of Consciousness Omniscient The author can narrate the story using the omniscient point of view. He/She can move from character to character, event to event, having free access thoughts, feelings, and motivations of his/her characters and he/she introduces information where and when he chooses. There are 2 main types of omniscient p.o.v.: Third Person A) Third Person Limited: The author tells the story in 3rd person (using pronouns, e.g. they, she he, it, etc.). We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us. B) Third Person Omniscient The author tells the story in the 3rd person. It appears as though a camera is following the characters, going anywhere, and recording only what is seen and heard. There is no comment on the characters or their thoughts. No interpretations are offered. The reader is placed in the position of spectator without the author there to explain. The reader has to interpret events on his/her own. First Person First Person The story is told by the protagonist or one of the characters who interacts closely with the protagonist or other characters (using pronouns, e.g. I, me, we, etc). The reader sees the story through this person's eyes as he/she experiences it and only knows what he/she knows or feels. Theme The theme in a piece of fiction is its controlling idea or its central insight It is the author's underlying meaning or main idea that he/she is trying to convey The theme may be the author's thoughts about a topic or view of human nature The title of the story often points to what the writer is saying and he may use various figures of speech to emphasize his/her theme, e.g. symbol, allusion, simile, metaphor, hyperbole, or irony Small things can impact us in big ways Don't jump to conclusions Believe in yourself Don't judge a book by its cover
Sometimes we have to go outside our comfort zone to get results/solve problems (thinking outside the box) The Mouse Short Story Elements: Definition Definition The Mouse By: Saki Character vs. Nature Theodoric is also struggling with the mouse being in his clothes. 5. Man vs Machine (technological): The leading character struggles with the problems of living in a technology-dependent world. 6. Man vs Nature ( environmental):The leading character is forced to deal with elements of the natural world beyond his control. a theme can be explicit(stated directly) or implicit(hinted at or hidden) Other classifications for characters Round vs flat
Static vs dynamic
primary vs seconday The Mouse (T) Based on textual evidence, one can set the story in the late 1800s to early 1900's. The reader knows this because trains would have to have been invented for this story to happen. The fact that he takes a cart and pony to the train station also supports this date. The Mouse This story has a third person limited narration. The reader knows this because neither Theodoric nor the woman- characters in the story- are telling the story. The narration is limited because the fact the woman is blind is not revealed until the woman mentions it, so the narrator was only revealing the thoughts and feelings of one character- Theodoric.