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US History in a Nutshell

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Michal Swiderski

on 5 November 2015

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Transcript of US History in a Nutshell

US History in a Nutshell
1624 - the Dutch settled New Amsterdam on the Hudson River
1664 - the English took over the city from the Dutch, renaming it New York
American War of Independence

Age of Discovery
* King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain sent explorers to find a western route to Asia;

* October 12, 1492 -
Christopher Columbus
arrived in the Bahamas on his ship
La Santa María;

* The meeting with "Indians".
First landing of Columbus on the shores of the New World: At San Salvador, W.I., Oct. 12th 1492
In the 19th century, the USA grew larger by purchasing land from other countries and by winning it in wars.

In the North, urbanization happened quickly, trade and business developed.

In the South, agriculture and plantations made many people rich.

Agriculture in the South was based on slavery.

1827 - Slavery is against the law in NY State;

1861 - Abraham Lincoln becomes the sixteenth president the South responded by seceding from the Union and founded the confederate states of America
American Civil War of 1861 - 1865
"The war resolved two fundamental questions left unresolved by the revolution: whether the United States was to be a dissolvable confederation of sovereign states or an indivisible nation with a sovereign national government; and whether this nation, born of a declaration that all men were created with an equal right to liberty, would continue to exist as the largest slaveholding country in the world."

Henry Hudson
Amerigo Vespucci
an Italian explorer, navigator and cartographer
1499 - he sailed along the coast of South America
1507 - Martin Waldseemüller, a German cartographer, created a map on which he named the new continent America
Constitution of the United States of America
"The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor"
the Hudson River
* an Englishman working for the Dutch
East India Company

* 1609 - during his third expedition he reached Newfoundland and explored, what is now,
the Hudson River
Reasons for Immigrating
religious tolerance
political freedom
economic opportunity
forced immigration (slavery)
family reunification
Pilgrim Fathers
English dissenters, separated from the Church of England
persecuted in England, fled to the Netherlands
decided to go to the New World
the Mayflower
1620 - established the
Plymouth Colony
in Massachusetts
1621 - Thanksgiving
104 people came to Virginia;
food shortages and clashes with Indians led to the death of many inhabitants;
in the winter of 1607 there were only 38 settlers.
The First Thanksgiving 1621
, oil on canvas by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1899)
the thirteen original colonies later became the states: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.
December, 1773 - the Boston Tea Party
1775 - 1783
July 4, 1776 - the Declaration of Independence
"All men are created equal"
1783 Treaty of Paris, the United States of America created
Famous leaders:

George Washington
Nathanael Green
Henry Knox
Lord North
Sir William Howe
Lord Cornwallis
Those who made significant intellectual contributions to the Constitution are called the "Founding Fathers":
George Washington
James Madison
Thomas Jefferson
John Adams
, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, George Mason, Gouverneur Morris, Roger Sherman, James Wilson, Edmund Randolph.
Result of the War:
Union victory
Slavery abolished
Territorial integrity preserved
Lincoln assassinated five days after Lee's surrender
Dissolution of the Confederacy
Beginning of the Reconstruction Era
First Indian Reservation Established
Indian Removal Act
From 1830 to 1840 thousands of Native Americans are forcibly moved to the reservations.
The Cherokees resist the Act and are driven by soldiers westward to Oklahoma. 4 000 Indians died.
Trail of Tears
Treaty of Fort Laramie
No white man allowed to settle in the Sioux and Cheyenne reservations.
Gold found in the Black Hills
Battle at Little Big Horn
Ignoring warnings of a massed Sioux army of 2,000-4,000 men, Custer and 250 soldiers attack the forces of Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse at the Little Bighorn. George Armstrong Custer and 210 men under his command are killed.
Sioux chief Sitting Bull
arrested and murdered
Indian Citizenship Act
Native Americans
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