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Romani (Roma/Gypsies) Music
Transcript of Romani (Roma/Gypsies) Music
Simona Croccolo Romani Music Diaspora Stereotypes Gypsies have a harsh stereotype, in fact the name gypsy is a demeaning name.
Gypsies refer to themselves as Roma
Known as sexually loose, larcenous and free.
Referred to as "blacks" throughout Europe.
In reality the Roma have strict rules regarding morality, especially when it comes to the modesty and chastity of women. Cultural Focus Culture Originally went by the name Roma, as they traveled they picked up new names.
Spain= Calo, Germany&France= Sinto, India&Eygpt= Nawar
Live off of wits and skills
Believe and adapt to religion of current region
Marry at a very young age
Today many live sucessful lives in the US. Overview Originated in Rajastan, Northern India
There are theories on reason for migration but no one knows why for sure.
Nomadic People, began to disperse in 1050
Lived in 16 different countries
Most commonly found in Europe
Enslaved in Europe for 500 years (until 1864)
Between 20,000-80,000 Gypsies were killed by the Nazis in the Holocaust The dispersal of a population through colonization
For the Gypsies it meant a collective trauma, a banishment into exile, and a heart-aching longing to return home.
Diaspora greatly affected their music and culture It's difficult to define Gypsy music. There are three different ways they could possibly be defined.
1.) The music the Roma's play for themselves
2.)Music with a certain musical style associated with Gypsy music.
3.)There is no pure Gypsy music Played music to make a living
Played mainly on the streets so their audience was whoever would listen
Also played at village weddings, feasts and celebrations to make money
Today they perform on stage a concerts and festivals
Music often times paired with dance Predominant Musical Elements Improvisation big part of gypsy music.
Music was perceived as a repository of emotional states.
One of the most important aspects of gypsy music is it's musical idiom.
Use "breathing room" technique in developing the melody. Gypsy Jazz Type of Jazz music started by guitarist Jean "django' Reinhardt in 1930's
Known for combining dark chromatic Gypsy flavor with swing articulation period.
Has it's own set of frequently played standards that are fairly distinct from main stream jazz.
Used "Gypsy Method" to teach and learn Gypsy Jazz
Timbre: Happy and clear.
Scale: Major Scale
Melody: Energetic and upbeat.
Texture: Heterphonic: same melody different feels
Form: AABA Manele Modern Day Manele in the streets of Paris.
This song is sung by diverse Romani in many different ways.
This women is singing Imi este bine in her own uniqueness.
Timbre: energetic and happy
Tuning Scale: played on the major scale
Melody: up beat and steady
Rhythmic density: very fast and moves along
Texture: very light sounds -monophonic
Form: ABA Tzimbal Idiophone: Strings are struck with two little hammers causing them to vibrate.
Meant to replace several different instruments in an orchestra.
No dampers for the strings so they keep vibrating because one chord runs into the other.
Give off a ringing sound, harmonious, and fascinating to the listener’s ear.
Similar to cymbals; where it received its name. Pan's Pipe Areophone because it is blown into. It is similar to a whistle.
Played with 7 to 20 vertical flutes of different lengths. They are fastened in a row or a curve and are closed at the lower end. Gypsies would drop one to four peas into the proper pipes making them flat or sharp. The timbre is low, sweet and soft in one musician’s hands and loud, penetrating and high sounding in anothers.
Much like a flute and sounds soothing and rich. Kobza Chordophone: strung much like a guitar. Has 4 to 7 strings that are played by being struck. Some of them may or may not have tied on frets.
There are orchestra Kobzas and accompaniment Kobzas. The difference is the amount of strings.d.
The sound is vibrant and soothing, similar to a guitar
Romani gypsies used the Kobza as a guitar.