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Romans 9, 10, 11 -

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Pastor Chris Cahill

on 29 August 2016

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Transcript of Romans 9, 10, 11 -

[Think about God's mercy to] 4 the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption to sonship; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. 5 Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen.
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6 It is not as though God’s word had failed.
Not all who are descended from Israel are "Israel." 7 Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. On the contrary, “It is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned.” 8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring. 9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”
Complaint #1: God is unjust.
Here are the reasons:
Romans 9, 10, 11 -
The Mercy of God

July 17-31, 2016
4 Christ is the culmination of the law so that there may be righteousness for
everyone
who believes.
5 Moses writes this about the righteousness that is by the law: “The person who does these things will live by them.”
Now for some notes on preaching
6 But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) 7 “or ‘Who will descend into the deep?’” (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
Did God reject the Jews?
9 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved. 11 As Scripture says, “Anyone who believes in him will never be put to shame.” 12 For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile—the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on him, 13 for, “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
14 How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? 15 And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!”

16 But not all the Israelites accepted the good news. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our message?” 17 Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word about Christ.

Chapter 11
Chapter 10
Chapter 9
What did God do for the people of Israel?
The complaint of the day:
God isn't fair

What of these did they deserve?
"Not all who are descended from Israel are 'Israel'" for two reasons:
(1) Because God regards the "children of the promise" as the descendents of Israel;
(2) The "children of the promise" are those who believe the promise
(1) He chose the Jews, then (it looks like) He un-chose them.
(2) He gave laws and demanded obedience, then reneged on the rewards.
(3) He gives mercy to people who don't deserve it.
Complaint #2: God blames us, like everything is all our fault
If God were one of us, His reasoning would be this:
(2) "I gave you mercy, and you responded with sin."
(1) "I gave you love, and you responded with rejection."
(3) "I gave you grace, and you responded with unbelief."
(4) "So anything bad that happens to you now is all your fault."
20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’” 21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?
The Way of God
Here's what God COULD HAVE DONE:
Shown His wrath
Made His power known
AND HE STILL COULD!
BUT HE CHOOSES NOT TO!
So that INSTEAD He can:
Show His mercy
Make the riches of His glory known
The Triune God is the only God who has chosen mercy instead of wrath, and glory instead of power!
and
People who pursue God's righteousness as if it were an Olympic medal will never get it;
People who have righteousness know they have it just because God is an awesome God.
The Jews thought that if each person did what the Law said, he or she could be righteous; but "every man for himself" is not what the righteousness of God is all about
Faith-righteousness acknowledges that no one can "ascend or descend" except for Christ - therefore, the only thing that faith-righteousness can do is to believe in Jesus.
God does not require repentant people to , , ,
Christ fulfilled the Law,
doing everything the Law said
not only for Himself alone
but to give that righteousness to all!
Here are some things Lutherans know about Preaching and Preachers
The Third Commandment.

Thou shalt sanctify the holy-day.

What does this mean?--Answer.

We should fear and love God that we may not despise preaching and His Word, but hold it sacred, and gladly hear and learn it.
The Apostles' Creed, The Third Article.

Of Sanctification.

I believe in the Holy Ghost; one holy Christian Church, the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen.

What does this mean?--Answer.

I believe that I cannot by my own reason or strength believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him; but the Holy Ghost has called me by the Gospel, . . .
in which Christian Church He forgives daily and richly all sins to me and all believers, . . .
The Lord's Prayer, The First Petition.

Hallowed be Thy name.

What does this mean?--Answer.

God's name is indeed holy in itself; but we pray in this petition that it may become holy among us also.

How is this done?--Answer.

When the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we as the children of God also lead holy lives in accordance with it. To this end help us, dear Father in heaven. But he that teaches and lives otherwise than God's Word teaches profanes the name of God among us. From this preserve us, Heavenly Father.
Small Catechism
The Second Commandment.

49] Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain.

54] But, the greatest abuse occurs in spiritual matters, which pertain to the conscience, when false preachers rise up and offer their lying vanities as God's Word.
The Third Commandment.

78] Thou shalt sanctify the holy day. [Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.]

86] Therefore this is the simple meaning of the commandment: since holidays are observed anyhow, such observance should be devoted to hearing God's Word, so that the special function of this day should be the ministry of the Word for the young and the mass of poor people.
91] For
the Word of God is the sanctuary above all sanctuaries
, yea, the only one which we Christians know and have. For though we had the bones of all the saints or all holy and consecrated garments upon a heap, still that would help us nothing; for all that is a dead thing which can sanctify nobody. But
God's Word is the treasure which sanctifies everything
, and by which even all the saints themselves were sanctified.
At whatever hour, then, God's Word is taught, preached, heard, read or meditated upon, there the person, day, and work are sanctified thereby, not because of the external work, but because of the Word, which makes saints of us all.
Such is the efficacy of the Word, whenever it is seriously contemplated, heard, and used, that it is bound never to be without fruit, but always awakens new understanding, pleasure, and devoutness, and produces a pure heart and pure thoughts. For these words are not inoperative or dead, but creative, living words.
The Fourth Commandment

Honor your father and your mother.

158] Thus we have
two kinds of fathers
presented in this commandment,
fathers in blood and fathers in office
, or
those to whom belongs the care of the family, and those to whom belongs the care of the country
.
Besides these there are yet spiritual fathers
; not like those in the Papacy, who have indeed had themselves called thus, but have performed no function of the paternal office. For those only are called spiritual fathers who govern and guide us by the Word of God; 159] as St. Paul boasts his fatherhood 1 Cor. 4:15, where he says: In Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the Gospel. Now, 160] since they are fathers they are entitled to their honor, even above all others.
161] Yet there is need that this also be urged upon the populace, that
those who would be Christians are under obligation in the sight Of God to esteem them worthy of double honor who minister to their souls
, that they deal well with them and provide for them. For that, God is willing to add to you sufficient blessing and will not let you come to want.
Article V: Of the Ministry.

1] That we may obtain this faith, the Ministry of Teaching the Gospel and administering the Sacraments was instituted. For through the Word and Sacraments, as through instruments, 2] the Holy Ghost is given, who works faith; where and when it pleases God, in them that hear 3] the Gospel, to wit, that God, not for our own merits, but for Christ's sake, justifies those who believe that they are received into grace for Christ's sake.

4] They condemn the Anabaptists and others who think that the Holy Ghost comes to men without the external Word, through their own preparations and works.
Part III, Article IV. Of the Gospel.

We will now return to the Gospel, which not merely in one way gives us counsel and aid against sin; for God is superabundantly rich [and liberal] in His grace [and goodness].
First, through the spoken Word by which the forgiveness of sins is preached [He commands to be preached] in the whole world; which is the peculiar office of the Gospel.
Secondly, through Baptism.
Thirdly, through the holy Sacrament of the Altar.
Fourthly, through the power of the keys, and also through the mutual conversation and consolation of brethren, Matt. 18:20: Where two or three are gathered together, etc.
Part III, Article VIII. Of Confession.

3] And in those things which concern the spoken, outward Word, we must firmly hold that God grants His Spirit or grace to no one, except through or with the preceding outward Word, in order that we may [thus] be protected against the enthusiasts, i.e., spirits who boast that they have the Spirit without and before the Word, and accordingly judge Scripture or the spoken Word, and explain and stretch it at their pleasure, as Muenzer did, and many still do at the present day, who wish to be acute judges between the Spirit and the letter, and yet know not what they say or declare. 4] For [indeed] the Papacy also is nothing but sheer enthusiasm, by which the Pope boasts that all rights exist in the shrine of his heart, and whatever he decides and commands with [in] his church is spirit and right, even though it is above and contrary to Scripture and the spoken Word.
In a word,
enthusiasm inheres
in Adam and his children from the beginning [from the first fall] to the end of the world, [its poison] having been implanted and infused into them by the old dragon, and is the origin, power [life], and strength of all heresy, especially of that of the Papacy and Mahomet. 10]
Therefore we ought and must constantly maintain this point, that God does not wish to deal with us otherwise than through the spoken Word and the Sacraments.
11] It is the devil himself whatsoever is extolled as Spirit without the Word and Sacraments. For God wished to appear even to Moses through the burning bush and spoken Word; and no prophet neither Elijah nor Elisha, received the Spirit without the Ten Commandments [or spoken Word]. 12] Neither was John the Baptist conceived without the preceding word of Gabriel, nor did he leap in his mother's womb without the voice of Mary. 13] And Peter says, 2 Pet. 1:21:
The prophecy came not by the will of man; but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
Without the outward Word, however, they were not holy, much less would the Holy Ghost have moved them to speak when they still were unholy [or profane]; for
they were holy, says he, since the Holy Ghost spake through them.
Smalcald Articles
Large Catechism
Augsburg Confession
Later, Luther and the Reformers will call this "enthusiasm"
The Word of God is creative and alive
The Word of God is effective
The Word of God is fruitful
The fruit of the Word of God is
Understanding
Pleasure
Devotion
Purity of heart
Pure thoughts
The right conditions for fruitfulness are serious contemplation, hearing, and use of the Word
Nobody gets grace without the Word!
Nobody gets the Holy Spirit without the Word!
This is how Satan worked in Eden
This is how all false teachers work
It's not that the Holy Spirit chose holy people to speak God's Word;
it's the speaking / writing of God's Word (by the Holy Spirit) that made these people holy!
Lutheran pastors don't preach because they're holy men;
the Gospel that they preach makes them holy as they preach it
and it makes you holy as you hear it!
5 At the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. 6 And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace.7 What then? What the people of Israel sought so earnestly they did not obtain. The elect among them did, but the others were hardened,
22 Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off.
30 Just as you who were at one time disobedient to God have now received mercy as a result of their disobedience, 31 so they too have now become disobedient in order that they too may now receive mercy as a result of God’s mercy to you.
If their rejection brought reconciliation to the world, what will their acceptance be but life from the dead? 16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
11 Again I ask: Did they stumble so as to fall beyond recovery? Not at all! Rather, because of their transgression, salvation has come to the Gentiles to make Israel envious. 12 But if their transgression means riches for the world, and their loss means riches for the Gentiles, how much greater riches will their full inclusion bring!
Might He reject us?
Wait,
who?
The elect - the ones "chosen" for salvation
John Calvin taught that God chose some people to be saved, and others to be damned.
That's still a standard teaching in the Reformed churches descended from Calvin (Reformed, Presbyterian, some Baptists, and their cousins)
Depending on who you talk to, damnation is either by God's choice or by default
Luther taught that those who get to heaven will discover that God had prepared their place in heaven from all eternity;
but those who end up in hell will discover that the reason they got there is their own damn' fault.
This "hardened"
17 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root, 18 do not consider yourself to be superior to those other branches.
If you do, consider this: You do not support the root, but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in.” 20 Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith.
Fruit Salad Trees
We should fear and love God so that . . .
32 For
God has bound everyone over to disobedience so that he may have mercy on them all.
pout
make satisfactory confessions
use proper grammar
"mean it"
go through the proper steps
or anything else!
He only asks them to RETURN
Their returning
is the beginning of
His re-grafting
!
(How many times did OT prophets call the people to "Return to the Lord your God!")
Isaiah 9:13 But the people have not returned to him who struck them, nor have they sought the Lord Almighty.
Jeremiah 3:12 Go, proclaim this message toward the north: “‘Return, faithless Israel,’ declares the Lord, ‘I will frown on you no longer, for I am faithful,’ declares the Lord, ‘I will not be angry forever.
Lamentations 3:40 Let us examine our ways and test them, and let us return to the Lord.
Hosea 3:5 Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king. They will come trembling to the Lord and to his blessings in the last days.
Hosea 6:1 “Come, let us return to the Lord. He has torn us to pieces but he will heal us; he has injured us but he will bind up our wounds.
Joel 2:13 Rend your heart and not your garments. Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love, and he relents from sending calamity.
Zechariah 1:3Therefore tell the people: This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘Return to me,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘and I will return to you,’ says the Lord Almighty.
Malachi 3:7 Ever since the time of your ancestors you have turned away from my decrees and have not kept them. Return to me, and I will return to you,” says the Lord Almighty.
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