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The CiP programme - an overview
Transcript of The CiP programme - an overview
CiP project findings: Information flow in manufacturing chains is
driven by brands and retailers (who respond to legal requirements to sell safe products and increasing consumer demands for information) and by industry initiative and regulation. Many steps are needed to fully answer questions on what chemicals are in a product - most times the answer is not there!
Full product life cycle - roles in CiP information exchange
(dyes, polymers, surfactants,
lubricants, performance chemicals,
cleaning solutions, ...)
and component suppliers
Tier 1 suppliers: Final product
UNEP, SAICM and the Chemical in Products (CiP) project
ICCM3 mandate: the CiP programme
CiP systems - brief results from the 2009-2012 CiP project studies
Developing a CiP programme
Source: Kogg, 2009
End of life actors: recyclers / waste disposal
Industry initiatives and REACH:
safe use data should follow the chemical
At its second meeting, ICCM2 (2009) identified access to information on chemicals in products (CiP) as an emerging global policy issue. CiP information access is an explicit SAICM objective. From Para. 15b of the SAICM text, on Knowledge and Information:
“information on chemicals throughout their life cycle, including, where appropriate, chemicals in products, is available, accessible, user friendly and appropriate to the needs of all stakeholders”
ICCM2 invited UNEP to lead a CiP project to:
Investigate existing systems of CiP information exchange
Identify stakeholder needs for CiP information and gaps
Recommend to the third meeting (ICCM3) actions to address the issue
REACH: users give
feedback that use information is sufficient
CiP project findings: Ways of exchanging CiP information
Restricted Substance Lists (RSLs)
By far the most common method used
Brand to first tier suppliers, sometimes further up the supply chain
Prohibits or limits specific chemicals: CMRs, PBTs, heavy metals, EDCs
Regular analysis and controls required -> this usually means testing!
Typically covers what is NOT in the product
Business-to-Business information exchange (via established business channels)
Business-to-Consumer information exchange (e.g. ecolabels)
Full materials disclosure
CiP information on all or most of what IS in the product
Chemicals info typically part of broader information envelope (Environmental Product Declaration, corporate sustainability communications, etc.)
Develop a CiP programme to facilitate the exchange of information on chemicals in products. The programme should:
(a) Identify the roles and responsibilities of the major stakeholder groups
(b) Develop guidance on what chemicals information could be transferred to different stakeholders and how that transfer could take place
(c) Build on existing experiences of best practices
ICCM3 Resolution on this issue - UNEP is invited to:
What will the CiP programme look like?
Principles of CiP information exchange
and suggested responsibilities
Guidance on what
to exchange and how
Pilot test in at
least one product sector
Overview of the Chemicals in Products project and programme
UNEP/DTIE Chemicals Branch
1972 – UN General Assembly directed UNEP to serve as the coordinator of environmental issues and catalyst for environmental action and awareness within the United Nations System.
Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)
- Overall objective: “by 2020 chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant adverse impacts on the environment and human health” (2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development)
- Established in 2006 at the first International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM)
ICCM is the Governing Body of SAICM
- it meets every three years
Support the SAICM 2020 goal
Aim to achieve the SAICM objective of access to CiP information
United Nations Environment Programme
Chemicals Branch, DTIE
Maison Internationale de l'Environnement I
11-13 chemin des Anémones
CH - 1219 Châtelaine
Phone: +41 22 917 8186
Fax: +41 22 797 3460
For Steering Group contacts and project description and documents, see
Project URL: http://www.unep.org/hazardoussubstances/UNEPsWork/ChemicalsinProductsproject/tabid/56141/Default.aspx
Thank you for your interest.
Contact for further info:
existing lists (regulatory, SIN, 'expanded' RSL, etc.)?
criteria (hazard-based, health endpoint)?
all intentionally added?
hazard / risk?
how to adapt to recipient?
level of stakeholder ambition?
How to exchange information?
reference and build upon existing best practices
means of exchange (database, product label, web site)?
how to protect confidential information?
Governments call for international coordination and action on the environment - UNEP is born
International coverage of chemicals of concern -
a focal area for UNEP's work from the beginning
Ovals show coverage of chemicals of concern by international treaties, through the life cycle stages from production to disposal.
Coverage is incomplete: SAICM is designed to address the gaps.
CiP project findings:
supply chains are complex. A simplified diagram of the business ties in the production phase for even a simple product illustrates the challenges of communicating through a supply network.
Rarely does information on what chemicals are put into a product follow the product through this chain.
Product can't have chemical xzy! Are you sure it doesn't?
CiP project findings:
Many RSL systems are highly developed, as illustrated by the differing limits in this popular textile ecolabel/RSL.
CiP project finding:
third parties are collecting and disseminating information, including on chemicals content, for hundreds of products.
- where might CiP information flow throughout the life-cycle phases?
This chain of questions and answers is frequently not completed!
Third meeting of the ICCM - September 2012
Who should exchange
information with who?
Submit the proposed CiP programme to ICCM4 in 2015