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Broadway in the 1920s

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on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Broadway in the 1920s

Broadway in the 1920s
Broadway was created in 1811.
It is centered in Manhattan, New York.
It is a collection of 40 buildings in what is called the theatre district, between 53rd and 41st streets and 6th and 9th avenues.
taken from eloninnyc.wordpress.com
De'Janee Rosita Segarra
Each building has one performance that is put on several times a day for any number of weeks.
Broadway is considered the center of all things theatre.
taken from retroroadmap.com
The 1920s are considered to be Broadway's boom years.
In 1927 alone, more than 250 shows debuted, over 50 of them being musicals.
20 million people attended shows.
Broadway's Boom
taken from northsidechicago.net
Broadway was the popular form of entertainment in the '20s.
This was in part because of the lack of entertainment, and in part because of the ease of access.
Reasons for the Boom
The Times Square Subway station, built in
1904, that provided ease of access to Broadway.
Taken from pbs.org.
Broadway was heavily influenced by the Harlem Renaissance and the Jazz Age.
More and more white Americans were falling in love with jazz, and it was incorporated into Broadway's music.
Influences of the 20s
Representation of
jazz. Taken from
1920s Broadway as compared to any other period in Broadway history has had the greatest impact on Broadway today.
Impact on Today
Works Cited Page
Wingert, Christopher. "THEA 335--Musical Theatre Performance." http//www.musicaltheatre.umblogs.org/2013/02/06/musical-theatre-history-the1920s. University of Mary Washington. February 6th, 2013. Web. October 5th, 2013.
Rusie, Robert. "Broadway 101: The History of the Great White Way." http//www.talkinbroadway.com/bway101/4th.html. UC Riverside. 2013. Web. October 5th, 2013.
Billeaux, Sara. "Broadway 1920-1929." http//www.voices.yahoo.com/history-broadway-1920-1929-817247.html. Yahoo! January 3rd, 2008. Web. October 5th, 2013.
Rubin, Rachel. "Broadway and Tin Pan Alley." http//www.americasmusic.tribeccainstitute.org/session/view/broadway-and-tin-pan-alley#essay. Tribecca Film Institute. Web. October 5th, 2013.
"The History of Theatre on Broadway." http//www.bigapple.com/bodynews/3156.html. Little Red Lighthouse, Highbridge. Web. October 5th, 2013.
"Broadway and Theater History." http//www.newyork.com/resources/broadway-and-theater-history/html. New York.com. 2013. Web. October 26th, 2013.
Kendrick, John. "The History of the Musical Stage 1920s." http//www.musicals101.com/1920bway.html. 2003. Web. October 26th, 2013.
The emergence of black pride became a theme in some Broadway plays.
Al Jolson, one of the most popular jazz singers on Broadway usually put on a black mask while performing.
Taken from charmofthecarolines.com.
Prohibition was another profound influence.
After prohibition took the social scene underground, there was a new mixing of worlds, classes, and races.
A popular drinking jazz club in Harlem during the prohibition. Taken from dailymail.co.uk.
This integration influenced "Showboat," the largest single change to hit the theatre.
"Showboat" debuted on Broadway in 1927.
It was the first integrated musical--in terms of not only race, but also plot and music.
For the first time, music was used to move plot forward and develop character.

Taken from doctormacro.com.
Many shows in the '20s were pieces that glorified the American girl.
These plays would be Cinderella stories in which a young, low-class girl would meet the man of her dreams and fall in love.
Shows of the '20s
Taken from jazzage1920s.com
At this time, a change in the depiction of the American woman arose.
The Cinderella girls on Broadway began wearing flapper dresses and drinking and smoking with men.
Taken from host6.evanced.info
A "golden age" of the American musical began in September 1925, when four hits opened within a space of seven days:
Vincent Youmans & Irving Caesar's "No, No Nanette" became one of the most lasting musical comedy hits of the decade.
Taken from wikepedia.org
Rudolf Friml's "The Vagabond King"was a romantic vendetta that featured a common thief who squelched a rebellion against King Louis XI of France.
Taken from theartofmovieposters.com
Jerome Kern, Otto Harbach and Oscar Hammerstein II's "Sunny" was a hit about a circus star falling in love with a rich playboy and having to deal with his snooty family.
Taken from antiqbook.com
Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's "Dearest Enemy" was a musical comedy about a romance between a patriotic New York girl and a British officer during the American Revolution.
Taken from dctheatrescene.com
Other popular Broadway plays in the '20s included:
Florenz Ziegfeld's "Sally", the story of a poor dishwasher who rises to fame as a ballerina.
Taken from doctormacro.com.
"Rosalie" depicted a European princess who loves a dashing West Point flyer; her royal father finally abdicates so his beloved daughter can marry a commoner.
Taken from sondheimguide.com
Rudolph Friml's "Rose Marie" was the story of a girl who had to get the Canadian Mounties to clear the name of the man she loved.
Taken from amazon.com
Ziegfeld's "The Three Musketeers" brought the classic Dumas novel to musical life with flashing swords and ringing high notes.
Taken from luveniiad.pixnet.net.
Romberg's "Blossom Time" was a fictitious love story involving the great composer Franz Schubert.
Taken from open.spotify.com
Romberg's "The Student Prince in Heidelberg" depicted Karl Franz, a prince who must choose between royal duty and his love for a tavern waitress.
Taken from rarefilmclassics.blogspot.com.
Romberg's "The Desert Song" centered on a masked freedom fighter called "The Red Shadow," who battled the French Foreign Legion while having a desert romance with a French beauty.
Taken from wikepedia.org.
Romberg's "The New Moon" was the semi-fictional story of Robert Mission, a French nobleman with pro-revolutionary sentiments in colonial New Orleans; it featured swordfights, a costume ball, and tropical moonlights.
Taken from wikepedia.org.
Some of the most famous Broadway actors in the 1920s were:
Marilyn Miller, who starred in such plays as "Sally," "Sunny," "Peter Pan," and "Rosalie."
Famous Actors of the '20s
Taken from wikepedia.org.
George M. Cohen was a former Vaudeville star who starred in "Yankee Doodle Dandy." He often served as playwright, composer, and star.
Taken from wikepedia.org.
Fanny Brice was the stage name of Fania Borach, who starred in "When a Man Loves a Woman." After her Broadway debut, she went on to star in own television show, and after her death, she was portrayed on Broadway by Barbara Streisland.
Taken from wikepedia.org.
Egbert "Bert" Williams was one of the greatest American entertainers and one of the very few famous African American actors of the time. He starred in such plays as "Broadway Brevities," "Under the Bamboo Tree," and "Mr. Load of Koal."
Taken from lcweb2.loc.gov.
Al Jolson was one of Broadway's biggest stars. He often performed in black face, singing his extremely popular "mammy" jazz songs. He starred in "The Jazz Singer."
Taken from hdwallpapersinn.com.
Ticket costs in the 1920s were usually between $1 and $3.50.
This is the equivalent of between $11 and $55 today, but tickets today are between $50 and $300.
Broadway Costs
Taken from broadwaydancecenter.wordpress.com.
One of Broadway's main competitors was the movie theater.
However, in the 1920s, more people preferred the theatre to the theater.
Theatre vs Theater
Taken from blogs.lt.vt.edu.
This was because movies were always the same, while live performances were always unpredictable and because the theatre was the best place to listen to music.
In fact, most of the popular songs of the day came from musicals.
Taken from musicaltheatre.umblogs.org.
The typical length of Broadway performances was about three hours, with a few intermissions.
Shows typically saw about thirty performances.
How Long Were Performances?
Taken from newyorknatives.com.
In the 1920s, there was an estimated 20 million people per year attendance, twice what it is now.
Each theatre could seat between 3,000-5,000 people and were usually packed.
Typical Attendance
Taken from nytix.com.
Broadway's great boom time officially ended in the 1930s, for several reasons.
Al Jolson's "The Jazz Singer" became the first "talkie" in 1927.
These were radio shows that people could listen to at home at no cost.
Why Did the Boom End?
Taken from odeon.typepad.com.
Another major blow to Broadway was the Black Friday Stock Market Crash in 1929.
This event led to the Great Depression of the '30s, during which no one had the money to attend the Broadway shows.
Taken from thebubblebubble.com.
After the Great Depression, Broadway saw more attendance, but it wasn't nearly as high as in the '20s.
People went to the cheaper movie theaters, watched television, and listened to the radio instead.
Taken from navfund.com.
Taken from libertyharborrv.com.
One major impact of 1920s Broadway is Actor's Equity.
At the end of 1919, actors refused to work without pay--as they had been doing until the 20s--and demanded that all costumes be provided for them.
This led to the establishment of Actor's Equity, which is still in effect today.
Taken from tonyawards.com.
Another major influence on Broadway today is the integral transformation the '20s had to offer.
Broadway shows in the '20s started exploring real issues, using jazz music, and being interracial.
This transformation is incorporated in Broadway shows today.
Taken from mulattodiaries.wordpress.com.
These themes (talking about more than just Cinderella stories) helped pave for the way for shows such as "Mama Mia," "The Lion King," and "Wicked."
Taken from aslservices.com.
Full transcript