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The Spanish Armada
Transcript of The Spanish Armada
The Spanish Armada Speech at Tilbury by Queen Elizabeth I
Who is the speaker and who are they speaking to?
The speaker is Queen Elizabeth and she is speaking to her troops.
by Jocelyn Flores and Andria Lesane
England was preparing for King Phillip II’s “invincible” Spanish armada to invade the borders of England.
Protestants vs. Catholics
Catholics disagreed with many protestant ideas. Wanted England’s religion to go back to Catholicism.
King Phillip II thought he had a right to the English crown due to his marriage to Elizabeth’s half-sister Mary Queen of Scots. He decided continue his late wife’s work by taking the crown from Elizabeth I by force.
What makes the speech so remarkable or memorable?
- As a female, Queen Elizabeth was not seen as suited to lead her troops into battle. In her speech she defends herself for being a female leader. Luckily, they defeated Spain which proved to the world that women can lead during wartime too.
Why is this speech still venerated today?
The speech represents a time when there was great nationalism in England. Their Victory over the Spanish Armada is one of England’s greatest military achievements. Today, Queen Elizabeth I is still one of the most popular monarchs. This speech is a good example of Queen Elizabeth at her finest.
How was the speech received by the audience?
The speech was received by the soldiers in a positive way. They were influenced by Queen Elizabeth’s words to destroy the Spaniards. Queen Elizabeth used such an amazing style and tone during her speech, that the crowd was not just moved, they were enthused, empowered, and energized.
Above is the dramatization of Queen Elizabeth I Tilbury Speech. The troops at the end of her speech are seen yelling in approval.
Queen Elizabeth’s purpose is to help boost morale and show her support for the troops. She achieves this by speaking with such tenacity and by appealing to her soldier’s sense of nationalism.
The tone of the speech is positive and motivational. The mood of the speech is optimistic and humbling. There isn't a shift in the tone or mood.
Queen Elizabeth I utilizes ethos to intensify her own authority as the Queen of England and her credibility as a benevolent leader who will, in due time, reward the soldiers for their valor. Despite admitting that she has “the body of a weak and feeble woman,” she reminds them that she has “the heart and stomach of a king,”
Queen Elizabeth I introduces in her speech logos, as she uses reason and inference to assure her soldiers of her faith in their resolve to fight for the good of England.
Elizabeth I uses pathos to appeal to soldiers through their emotions by reminding them that she is on the field with them to die for her subjects (them), just as she is asking them to die for her
Queen Elizabeth I speech was effective because they won the battle against Spain. Queen Elizabeth words were an anchor for the soldiers to fight with more intensity.
Queen Elizabeth I refers to one of her ancestors,the warrior King (Henry the VIII)
"but I have the heart and stomach of a king, and of a king of England too"
She repeats the word "my" before every phrase to add emphasis on how personal this war is to her
“to lay down for my God, and for my kingdom, and my people, my honour and my blood even, in the dust”
She compares her heart and stomach to a king's because she wants to prove she is capable of being a leader during wartime
"I know I have the body but of a weak and feeble woman; but I have the heart and stomach of a king"
This repetition adds emphasis on the responsibilities of her troops/ a recipe for victory
"-not doubting but by your obedience to my general, by your concord in the camp, and your valour in the field"
She makes a exaggerated claim to let the people know she will do anything to protect them even though she doesn't intend to physically do anything
" I myself will take up arms, I myself will be your general, judge, and rewarder of every one of your virtues in the field."