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tammy Nelson

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Modernism

Double click anywhere & add an idea Modernism The early part of the 20th century saw massive changes in the everyday lives of people The recent inventions of the automobile, telephone, and airplane
shrank distances and sped up the pace of life. The movement was greatly influence by the
writings of Karl Marx, Freidrich Nietzsche, and Sigmund Freud. Their political and philosophical writings underminded traditional notions of truth, certainty, and morality. At least partly in response to this acceleration of life and thought, a
wave of aggressively experimental movements began in Europe and
America. Collectively called Modernism. Modernism as a literary movement began after WWI, beginning in Europe and progressing to American literature by the 1920's. After the First World War, many people questioned the chaos and insanity of it all. The world's "universal truths" and trust in authority figures began to crumble. Modernism was a response to the destruction of these beliefs. The modernisms movment in American literature broke through with the stream of consciousness of William Faulkner. Like the modernistic art movement,
modernistic writers often rejected realistic representation and traditional formal expectations. Characteristics of Modernism: 1. Characters reflect a growing social isolation
caused by mass industrialism. 2. Characters are withdrawn, unresponsive, and hurt by unamed forces. 3. Characters are given little or no physical description, and one
or more characters are usually an outcast. 4. No narrative voice to guide the reader with
explanations and details. 5. Alienation and experimentation. 6. Modernists tried to capture the stream of consciousness--flow of ideas, memories, associations flowing through the human mind. 7. Often expressed bitterness and cynicism. 8. Elevates the individual and the inward
over the social and outward. 9. Fragmentation in plot, themes, and images--and
overall storyline. Many modernists works are not the
traditional linear sequence. 10. Loss is a huge theme in modernist literature. 11. Truth is questionable, and we cannot always rely
on the narrator to tell us the truth. 12. There may be more than one narrator--showing the diversity. 13. The destruction of the family unit. 14. Destruction of religion. 15. The reversal of traditional roles: women doing
something typically male or vice versa. 16. Ambigious ending: such works often
leave a lot of questions with the reader. 17. Use of improper grammar to reflect dialect. 18. More sexuality than earlier works. 20. No universal truth--individual truth.
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