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Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum

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jeffrey apat

on 3 January 2014

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Transcript of Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum

Pragmatist Curriculum
Focus: Truth in coherence with experience not just facts.
Charles Sanders Peirce
Philosophical Foundations of Curriculum
Traditional vs. Progressive view
Naturalist Curriculum
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Idealist Curriculum
Realist Curriculum
Perrenialist Curriculum
Thomas Aquinas
Reconstructivist Curriculum
Theodore Brameld
Aim: Acquire understandings about the great ideas of Western civilization.
Aim: Improve and reconstruct the society.
Questions the use of scientific method and sense perception
Role model teachers
starting point in any curriculum decision making.
criteria for determining aims, selection, organization, and implementation of the curriculum in the classroom.
‘What is education?’

‘What is the purpose of education?’

‘What does it mean to know something?’

‘What is the relationship between education and society?’
Essentialist Curriculum
William Bagley
Progressivist Curriculum
John Dewey
Existentialist Curriculum
Self-activity Education
Excludes supernaturals & spiritual
Role: Teaching by example
Use of scientific investigation and senses
Hands-on approach.
contact & activities rather than books.
Role: Teach how to question and how to reconstruct what we know to match the changing world”
Søren Kierkegaard
Aim: Moral character, discipline and physical well being
Role: Education according to patterns of growth and development
Focus: Natural elements and forces
Aim: Search for TRUTH
Focus: God; Mind Development
Aim: Develop a whole person
Role: Understanding material world through inquiry.
Focus: logic, existence and independence
Aim: Prepare students for citizenship, daily living, and future careers.
Hands-on problem solving, experimenting, and projects, group works.
Role: Teach the great ideas of Western civilization
Focus: Classical subjects; literary analysis; and Curriculum constant.
Use of “Great Books” and return of Liberal.
Aim: Intellectual growth & Educating the competent person.
Role: Teacher as the sole authority in his/her subject area or field of specialization.
Focus: Essential skills of the 3Rs & Essential subjects ( English, Science, History, Math and Foreign Language).
Teacher-oriented classrooms
Excellence in Education, back to basics and cultural literacy.
No to vocational courses.
Aim: Promote Democratic and Social living
Role: Lifelong learners actively learn by doing.
Focus: Students’ interest, human problems and affairs.
Informal classroom arrangement.
School reforms, relevant and contextualized curriculum, humanistic education.
Subjects are interdisciplinary, integrative and interactive.
Aim: Finding one’s purpose
Role: Teaching the choice of freedom, responsibility, Values and Character Development.
Focus: Existence and Essence; Individual, not society or religion gives meaning to life.
Modern philosophy
Personal experience & responsibility to society
Role: : Teachers act as agents of change
Focus: Present and future trends and issues of national and international interests.
Equality of Educational opportunities
Global education.

Which general or world view philosophy best fits with your own views of reality? Why?

Which educational philosophy is most compatible with your beliefs? Why?

How does philosophy guide the organization and implementation of curriculum?

What are the sources of knowledge that shape's a person's philosophy of curriculum?


• What are the sources of knowledge that shape your philosophical view of curriculum?

• How do the aims, means, and ends of education differ?

• What is the major philosophical issue that must be determined before we can define a philosophy of curriculum?

• What are the major educational philosophies that have influenced curriculum in the Philippines?

Prepared by
Jeffrey Apat
Can you think of reasons for these laws?
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