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Gustave Eiffel

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Joel Augustine

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel
Life Influences
Gustave Eiffel was influenced by his uncle, Jean-Babtiste te Mollerate and his friend chemist Michel Perret. They spent time with Gustave, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. Gustave Eiffel was also influenced by the Industrial Revolution. Eiffel worked at a time of rapid industrial development in France.
Philosophy and Theory
Being an architect in a rapid industrial development period, Gustave Eiffel was a modernist. Take the Eiffel Tower for example. It was one of the first structures to be made of iron and steel. A lot of Eiffel's structures were made of iron and steel. Eiffel was also one of the first to base his engineering desicions on thorough calculation of the forces involved.
The Eiffel Tower
The Statue of Liberty
The Maria Pia Bridge
Life History
Gustave Eiffel
The Statue of Liberty
Édouard René de Laboulaye came up with the idea of the Statue of Liberty. The idea inspired Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and he designed it. He built it with the help of Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel decided to build an iron truss tower inside to support the statue. When the statue was finished, it was taken apart and shipped to America. It took from 1875 to 1886 from construction in France to completion in America. From the ground to the torch it is 305 feet.
The Maria Pia Bridge
The Maria Pia Bridge is commonly known as Ponte De Maria. It's located in Porto, Portugal, and it crosses the Duoro river. In 1875, the Royal Portuguese Railway Company announced a competition for a bridge to carry the Lisbon to Porto railway across the river Douro. Eiffel's company (Eiffel & Cie) won. Eiffel worked with Theophille Seyrig on the Maria Pia Bridge. It's a railway bridge, and it's made of wrought iron. It's 353 meters long and it spans 160 meters. Construction began January 5th, 1876 and ended 1877.
The Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower originated in the mind of Maurice Koechlin who worked for the Compagnie des Etablissments Eiffel, owned by Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel and Stephen Sauvestre (the head of the company's architectural office) both contributed to the design. Gustave Eiffel bought the rights to build the tower. The tower rose in two years (1887-1889). It opened March 31st 1889. Eiffel competed for the tower to be the centerpiece of the 1889 Paris World's Fair, and it was. The tower is 1063 feet tall.
Gustave Eiffel was born December 15th, 1832, in Dijon, France. His parents were Alexandre and Catherine Eiffel. Gustave's last name was formally Bonickhausen until 1880 when he was 48 years old. He went to École Centrale Paris, and École Polytechnique for education. Eiffel thought his classes were a waste of time, but in his last 2 years he studied seriously. Gustave Eiffel married Marie Gaudelet in 1962. He was 13 years older than her! He had 5 children. Gustave Eiffel died December 27th, 1923, just after his 91st birthday.
Who came up with the idea of the Statue of Liberty?

When and Where was Eiffel born?

Who came up with the idea of the Eiffel Tower?

What did Eiffel base his desicions off of?

Who did Eiffel work with on
the Maria Pia Bridge?
Full transcript