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aloe plant adaptations

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Emily s

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of aloe plant adaptations

Aloe Plant Adaptations
Aloe plant adaptation presentation
The Aloes originated in South Africa but now you can even find them in the southern United States. Texas, Florida and Hawaii has specie(s) of aloe You can also find aloes in sub-tropical and tropical climates.
The Aloe's Plant Physical Adaptations
⦁ Aloes have adapted to habitats with low water availability. Aloes adapt to this by using their tissue to store large volumes of water. Aloe vera has thick and fleshy leaves, which are enlarged to accommodate the aqueous tissue. The leaf cuticle is thick and covered with a layer of wax.
⦁ Aloes are also able to utilize crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), which is an adaptation to the photosynthetic pathway in hot climates that involves the formation of malic acid.
⦁ Thick, succulent leaves so in can live in the desert .
⦁ Aloes, like other succulents, have fleshy leaves that hold water to sustain the plant during a drought. To help prevent water loss through to the leaves and to reflect excess light away from the plant, aloes have a waxy coating on the outside of the leaves. This bluish wax accounts for some of the beautiful coloration of aloe foliage. However, that's not the plants' only adaptation.
Aloes use crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), a special form of photosynthesis, to help them conserve water. In normal photosynthesis, plants release water and take in carbon dioxide throughout the day through tiny pores, called stomata, on the undersides of the leaves. The stomata on aloe leaves, however, open only at night to take in carbon dioxide, while minimizing water loss. The carbon dioxide is stored overnight and used to manufacture food for the plant the following morning.
⦁ The spines along the edge of the leaves prevent animals from eating it.
⦁ Just like all the other succulent plants, the Aloe vera can store large amounts of water. This is an adaptation to a life in regions susceptible to droughts. Wild Aloe vera is commonly found in regions that experience large temperature differences between day and night. When the dew falls, the Aloe vera can absorb the moist and use it to survive. The Aloe vera will store water in its large fleshy leaves
This diagram shows some places in the aloe plant. Such as "The Aloe Rind"and "The Inner leaf juice" and "The Aloe Latex".
There are so many different types of aloes.
In what environment does the aloe plant live in???
Aloe vera, commonly known as aloe, grows in a wide variety of warm weather climates and soils.
Aloe overwinters outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, where average minimum temperatures stay above 30 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit. In summer it tolerates lows from 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and in winter it does not do well in temperatures under 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Indoors, it can tolerate dry air. Aloe requires full sun for flowering, but can adapt to partial shade in some areas.
Fun Facts on the Aloe Plant
The leaves will eventually form a mound between 10 to 12 inches tall and 4 to 6 inches across. The leaves become tinted with bronze if they grow in the bright sun light. A true aloe will have pale green leaves that grow 18 to 20 inches long.

The aloe plant has been around for at least since the Roman Empire. This ancient plant was cultivated for its soothing ointment that's made from the juice of its leaves.

The ointment is still cultivated and used today.

Many different types of Aloe plants are grown; the favorite houseplant is the Tiger Aloe plant.

The leaves will eventually form a mound between 10 to 12 inches tall and 4 to 6 inches across. The leaves become tinted with bronze if they grow in the bright sun light. A true aloe will have pale green leaves that grow 18 to 20 inches long.

The night temperatures of 50 to 55 degrees, along with day temperatures 68 to 72 degrees are ideal for this plant. Letting the soil become moderately dry between watering, then water.

Don't use fertilize new plants for the first year. The older plants should be fertilizer once each fall. Make sure the fertilizer is standard houseplant fertilizer and diluted to half its strength before applying to your plant.
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