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Dreams and Dream Theories: AP Pscyh
Transcript of Dreams and Dream Theories: AP Pscyh
Frederick Perls http://www.google.com/imgres?q=dreams&um=1&hl=en&client=safari&sa=N&tbo=d&rls=en&biw=1217&bih=620&tbm=isch&tbnid=2WLVkoO8QNPOnM:&imgrefurl=http://spiritrealmtruths.wordpress.com/2011/06/13/are-visionary-dreams-taboo/&docid=RYKhLkbNTort6M&imgurl=http://spiritrealmtruths.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/dreams.jpg&w=1600&h=1200&ei=wEHuUJ-iLaXciQK9pIHQBw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=263&sig=104139425583699987097&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=181&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:143&tx=49&ty=69 The Wonderful World of Dreams A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind Definition of Dream By: Wookjin Kim & Elizabeth Bowman
Per. 4 What Do We Dream? Lucid Dreams
Manifest Content dreams incorporate days' experiences Theorist #1: Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)
symbols of repressed desires
link to the unconscious
every action and thought motivated by unconscious
Urges and impulses released in dreams aware that you're dreaming (Myers, 2007, pp. 280-281) Interesting Facts negative dreams
women vs. men
interruptions Theorist #2: Alfred Adler (1870 -1937) most of the time who appears in our dreams phone ringing, water, etc. mastering control when awake
problem solving device
pathway to thoughts, emotions, actions (Myers, 2007, p. 280) (Myers, 2007, p.281) Why Do We Dream? Theorist #3: Carl Jung (1875-1960) To Satisfy our Own Wishes To File Away Memories To Develop & Preserve
Neural Pathways To Make Sense of Neural Static To Reflect
Cognitive Development Latent Content unconscious drive REM Sleep improves memory Infants need more REM sleep Activation Synthesis Theory random neural activity,
dreams-make sense of this Apprentice to Freud
split from Freud's ideas
Dream to communicate with unconscious
No interpretation needed. Naturally connect conscious and unconscious REM Rebound Freud's Aspects of the Mind sleep deprived- more REM sleep Id- primal impulses, pleasures
Ego- conscious, morals, rational
Superego- enforcing moral code of ego (Hypothesis) Theory #4: Frederick Perls (1893-1970) Gestalt therapy
ability to differentiate
dreams contain rejected, disowned part of ourselves True or False? Bad dreams can kill you in your sleep
by causing a heart attack. False, but based on fact -Cambodians dying in their sleep
-Brugada Syndrome, genetic heart disease
-falsely attributed to nightmares (Brownstein, 2010) (Myers, 2007, pp.281-282) (Myers, 2007, pp.282) (Myers, 2007, pp.282) (Myers, 2007, pp.283) (Myers, 2007, pp.281) How to Remember Your Dreams ("How to remember your dreams", 1989) get plenty of sleep
keep a journal
-moods, fragments, feelings
remind yourself when falling asleep
multiples of 90min (REM sleep) Bibliography: References Brownstein, J. (2010, May 11). Exploring ten popular sleep myths. ABC News. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Sleep/10-sleep-myths-dream/story?id=10602717
How to remember your dreams. (1989). The Lucidity Institute. Retrieved January 13, 2013, from http://www.lucidity.com/NL11.DreamRecall.html
Milite, G. A. (2001). Frederick S. Pearl. In Gale encyclopedia of psychology (pp. 489-490). Detroit, CA: Gale Virtual Reference Library. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
Myers, D. G. (2007). Dreams. In Psychology eighth edition in modules (8th ed., pp. 280-283). New York, CA: Worth.
Strickland, B. (2001). Dreams (2nd ed., pp. 195-196). Detroit: The Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Retrieved January 13, 2013, from http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX3406000201&v=2.1&u=palo44355&it=r&p=GVRL&sw=w
Vigo, M. (2011, May 18). Dream moods: Dream theories: Alfred Adler. Dream Moods: Dream Theories: Alfred Adler. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://www.dreammoods.com/dreaminformation/dreamtheory/ (Vigo, 2000) (Strickland, 2001) (Vigo, 2000) (Vigo, 2000) (Strickland, 2001) (Vigo, 2000) (Vigo, 2000) (Milite, 2001)