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Confucianism

APHG
by

Kevin Tien

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Confucianism

Confucianism is based on the teachings of Confucius (also known as K’ung Fu Zi). He was a Chinese philosopher and educator who lived in China from 551 BC to 478 BC.) Confucianism By: Kevin Tien, Chris Mura,
and Treyton Profumo Impact on the Cultural Landscape Key Beliefs/Practices of Confucianism Beliefs Beliefs continued Sacred texts Architecture in Confucianism Symbols of Confucianism Where did
Confucianism start? Who started
Confucianism? When did
Confucianism start? Origins of Confucianism Confucianism started in China, the birthplace of Confucius. It has since spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam, and other parts of East Asia. Currently, South Korea has the most Confucians. No one can be sure of the exact date of the start of Confucianism, but we know that Confucianism started around the 6th century BC in China. The religion continues today, amassing millions of followers. There are not many symbols that are directly and exclusively related to Confucianism, but those that are affiliated with it are shared with Taoism as well. The main principle of Confucianism is ren (benevolence). This signifies good character in accord with Ii (propriety), zhong (loyalty to one's true nature), shu (reciprocity), and xiao (filial piety).

Confucius's 5 human relationships that should be governed by li:
1. Ruler and subject
2. Father and son
3. Husband and wife
4. Oldest son and younger brothers
5. Elders and youngsters (friends)

Some relationships that exemplify shu:
1. Benevolence in rulers, loyalty in ministers and subjects
2. Kindness in the father, filial piety in the son
3. Righteous behavior in the husband, obedience in the wife
4. Gentility in the oldest son, humility and respect in the younger siblings
5. Humane consideration in elders, deference in youngsters Another main aspect of Confucianism is respect and obedience to one's teachers and ancestors.

Confucianism is also characterized by a highly optimistic view of human nature.

Confucianism doesn't really have any specific rituals or practices, aside from its ethical principles. This gap is filled by principals from religions that Confucianism follows. The most sacred scripture in Confucianism are the Lun-yu (Analects). The Lun-yu are primarily based on the sayings of Confucius.

There is also the Confucian Canon which consists of the Five Classics and the Four Books.

The Five Classics are:
1. Shu Ching (Classic of History)
2. Shih Ching (Classic of Odes)
3. I Ching (Classic of Changes)
4. Ch'un Ching (Spring and Autumn Annals)
5. Li Ching (Classic of Rites)

The four books are:
1. Lun Yu (Analects) of Confucius
2. Chung Yung (Doctrine of Mean)
3. Ta Hsueh (Great Learning)
4. Meng Tzu (Mencius, a Confucian philosopher) Is Confucianism a religion or an ideology? What qualities does Confucianism have? The world cannot seem to decide whether it wants to classify Confucianism as a religion or a set of philosophical beliefs. Confucianism displays aspects of both, making it hard to choose between one or the other. According to Wikipedia, a religion is a collection of belief systems, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to spirituality and, sometimes, to moral values. Sounds like Confucianism, right? Except the major defining qualities of a religion include:
a belief in some kind of deity or supreme being
a code of conduct for individuals and groups of people
religious rituals and ceremonies
a doctrine of salvation
a sacred text of stories of a holy book
As we can see, Confucianism only fits three of these five categories, being non-theistic and not believing in some sort of afterlife. Confucianism focuses on being the best person you can in the time you are alive. Therefore, Confucianism is not a religion, but an ideology with religious views. Diffusion of Confucianism From Where to Where? Confucianism originated in China and eventually spread throughout the greater part of East Asia. Though the main place Confucianism spread to was Japan, it also spread to Korea, Manchuria, Taiwan, and other Asian regions in East Asia. Today, it is mostly practiced in Southeast and East Asia. How? Confucianism spread mostly through voluntary and consensual means, instead of through conquest or conversion. It spread to the Korean peninsula because China had control over the Korean peninsula early in the Common Era. Distribution of Confucianism in South Korea The Ying-Yang
The ying-yang represents the balance between primal forces and refinement, or the balance of nature. The white side represents order, while the black side represents chaos. Harmony Ideogram
This is a symbol usually used at weddings that represents righteousness and harmony. It is used to describe Confucianism often and is used in congruence with the ideology. The Ideogram "Shui"
This ideogram means water, which represents the source of life in many traditional Chinese philosophies. Confucianism in South Korea The Four Books In Korea, Confucianism was accepted so eagerly and in so strict a form that the Chinese themselves regarded the Korean adherents as more virtuous than them.
For centuries in Korea, Confucianism has been a template for a system of education, ceremony and civil administration as expressed by Confucius in his writings.
Confucian teachings have, over time, become less rigidly followed as a basis for government and administration.
However, after so many centuries of it being followed, it is still easy to see the influence of Confucianism on Koreans today in kinship organization, ideology, and behavior. In traditional Confucian architecture, the front of a building is better than the back, so in a palace the royal court, where visitors were entertained and court was kept, was positioned in the front, and sleeping quarters were stationed in the back because they were lower in rank.

Also, when building temples, followers of Confucius liked to build schools in front of Confucian temples to pass on the knowledge of Confucius. Confucian builders also always try to build their temples around the nature instead of destroying it to make way, so everything could be in harmony. Conflicts in Confucianism What Is Confucianism? Confucianism is a philosophical ideology with about 6 million followers (mainly in Asia) that aims to make individuals and society more harmonious.
The overall idea of Confucianism is that one should have the moral strength to do what is right as an individual, without the need for strict or cohesive religious laws.
It is usually a part of Chinese folk religions, which also mixes Buddhism and Taoism in. There isn't much to say on the topic of Confucianism and religious conflicts. Confucianism is a very peaceful ideology that hasn't spread much and is neither universalizing or ethnic. Therefore, since it teaches mostly humanism and treating your fellows with respect, Confucianism has not been involved in any major conflicts, past or present. The Beginning of Confucianism Current Distribution of Confucianism in Asia World Distribution of Confucianism (millions) Architecture in
Confucianism Continued Traditional courtyard residences were strongly influenced by the hierarchical Confucianism code of conduct.
They are places of zen where followers can meditate in peace and appreciate the nature around them.
These courtyard compounds were a world apart, enclosed and isolated from the outside world, and serving as material expressions of Confucian ideology. Other The Analects Works Cited

Architecture and Confucianism. 2003. 11 December 2012 <http://www.chinaculture.org>.

Confucianism. 20 December 2005. 11 December 2012 <http://www.religionfacts.com>.

Confucianism. 20 January 2010. 12 December 2012<http://dtsdapache.hershey.k12.pa.us>.

Ketcham, Jonathan. Confucianism. n.d. 29 November 2012 <http://faithresource.com>.

Korean Architecture. April 2012. 10 December 2012 <http://www.wikipedia.org>.

Korean Confucianism. 2008. 12 December 2012 <http://www.asia-pacific-connections.com>.

Religion Library: Confucianism. 2010. 10 December 2012 <http://www.patheos.com>.

Robinson, B. A. CONFUCIANISM. 24 October 2010. 11 December 2012 <http://religioustolerance.org>. World Distribution of Confucianism South Korea
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