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Transcript of SOCIAL CAPITAL
Capital Capital captured through social relations Background Capital Theory Neo-Capital Theories Human Capital Theory
Cultural Capital Theory .market
.means of production
.ownership of the means of production
.profit a) Human Capital Theory:
individual abilities, skills,
competencies and knowledge. b) Cultural Capital Theory:
cultural elements like social codes, manners, rituals, festivities, norms and values. CAPITAL:
Capital is seen as the investment or production of individual actors, whether seen as independent, atomized elements randomly located in society, as in the case of human capital theory; or as individuals indoctrinated into adopting the dominant values, as in the case of cultural capital. SOCIAL CAPITAL Individual Focused How about COLLECTIVE GOOD? 1990s Private Good A B C Circles = nodes
Lines = relational space Social Capital is “the sum of the resources, actual or virtual, that accrue to an individual or a group by virtue of possessing a durable network of more or less institutionalized relationships of mutual acquaintance and recognition”
(Bourdieu & Wacquant 1992 p. 119) Relationships matter, as they can give you access to or possession of resources Group of actors with common goal/s
homogenous social embeddedness
socio-cultural ties Typical forms of social resources the validity of norms, values, and morality within a group, organization, or society
the availability of social control and a certain level of attention to the fate and action of other members of an entire network (or a system of social relations) the access to information and a certain kind of social life through relationships
the readiness of actors to become trustfully involved in risky ventures with other actors
the production of support, help, and solidarity
a climate of trust in the network Collective:
how certain groups develop and more or less maintain social capital as a collective asset
how such a collective asset enhances group members’ life chances Individual:
how individuals access and use resources embedded in social networks to gain returns in instrumental actions Relational Capital the valued number of resources an actor can eploy and use through direct or indirect personal relations with other actors who control those resources and in which the actor is intentionally investing and which should eventually pay off.m System Capital an emergent characteristic of an entire network (or of a complete collective system of actors) such as functioning social control, system trust, and a comprehensive system morality, between individuals or within a group, organization, community, region, or society. Three-person structure: human capital in nodes and social capital in relations.”
(Coleman 1990 p. 305) Westlund, H. (2006). Social Capital in the Knowledge Economy Theory and Empirics. New York: Springer.
Field, J. (2003). Social Capital. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Castiglione, D., Deth, J. W. V., & Wolled, G. (Eds.). (2008). The Handbook of Social Capital. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lin, N. (2003). Social Capital: A Theory of Social Structure and Action. New York: Cambridge University Press. Two sets of agencies o Mutual obligation
o Mutual respect
o Helpfulness Determinants of social capital:
o Spirit of participation When do these occur?
Why do these occur in some places?
o Shared interest
o Common values
o Moral bonds
o Shared historical experience
o Common tradition, religion Gains from membership to networks or collective actions:
o Development of community knowledge and awareness
o Emotional support, encouragement, and consolation
o Sense of belonging
o Sense of worthiness
o Exposure to information, news, ideas
o Access to additional opportunities and resources
o Economic support Two constituting aspects o Sense of worthiness
o Exposure to information, news, ideas
o Access to additional opportunities and resources o Economic support