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Determining and Comparing the Purity of Calcium Carbonate from Pulverized Crassostrea iredalei Shells of Different Maturity

Proposal Defense presentation
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Katrina Robles

on 31 March 2016

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Transcript of Determining and Comparing the Purity of Calcium Carbonate from Pulverized Crassostrea iredalei Shells of Different Maturity

OYSTER SHELLS
Age
does
matter.

Calcium Carbonate
,
95%
Silicate
,
3.5%
Others
(aspartic acid, glycine, calcium phosphate, zinc, manganese, aluminum, etc.),
1.5%
Oyster Shell Composition
WASTE OYSTER
SHELLS
dental filling
bone grafting
Determining and
Comparing the Purity
of Calcium Carbonate
from Pulverized
Crassostrea iredalei
Shells
of Different Maturity
STATEMENT OF
THE PROBLEM
REVIEW
WHAT QUESTIONS DO YOU HAVE?

Engineers should
aim to determine the age of

Crassostrea iredalei
shells that
would yield the most amount of
calcium carbonate so that
they could maximize
its production.
Pulverization of
Crassostrea iredalei
shells through the
Abrasive Machine
METHODS
Preparation of
Crassostrea iredalei
shells
Calcium Carbonate
Literature cited:
Crassostrea iredalei
Environmental Factors
"Philippine Slipper-Cupped Oysters"
Abundant in the Philippines
97.5%
Calcium Carbonate
Main age groups: Larval, Juvenile and Adult
Salinity
Turbidity
Temperature
Dissolved oxygen
Materials and
Equipment

C. iredalei
shells
tap water
scrub brush
toothbrush
detergent
tap water
abrasive machine
325-micron sieve
digital weighing scale
iron stand
burette
burette holder
pipette
Pictures:
teachmehowtojosh.wordpress.com
looloo.com
www.pinterest.com
http://itech.dickinson.edu/chemistry/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/clip_image001.gif
apatite.biotech.okayama-u.ac.jp
https://www.ultrasonicleaning.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Ultrasonic-Cleaner-with-Mechanical-Timer-1.3L-1.jpg
http://www.cromaris.hr/upload/tbl_recepti/20130620-cromaris_chefsclub-2_16486.jpg.axd?width=600&crop=auto&quality=50

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/White-
http://www.varsityminetech.com/vmt/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Dicalcium.png
http://di3-2.shoppingshadow.com/pi/i.ebayimg.com/00/$(KGrHqRHJB!FH6f0iPUqBS!lTjevww~~_32-260x260-0-0.JPG
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f2/Heat-Treating-Furnace.jpg
https://www.bruker.com/fileadmin/_processed_/csm_ALPHA_P-Kopie_e4a877e87d.jpg
esem-http://www.zellbiologie.uni- bayreuth.de/picscellbiology/esem.jpg
Literature:
Alexander Rodrigo Arakaki, Walter Kenji Yoshito, Valter Ussui, Dolores Ribeiro Ricci Lazar. 2010. Hydrothermal Treatment of Coprecipitated YSZ Powders. Materials Science Forum Vols. 660-661 pp 983-988
Amit Kumar Nayak. Hydroxyapatite Synthesis Methodologies: An Overview. 2010. International Journal of ChemTech Research. CODEN( USA): IJCRGG. ISSN : 0974-4290 Vol.2, No.2, pp 903-907.
Chaoliang Tan1 & Hua Zhang. 2015. Wet-chemical synthesis and applications of non-layer structured two-dimensional nanomaterials. Nature Communications | DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8873
Chou, Nissan, Choi, Wuhrer, Green. 2007. Conversion of coral sand to calcium phosphate for biomedical applications. 44-48
Hiroaki Onoda, Hironari Nakanishi. 2012. Preparation of Calcium Phosphate with Oyster Shells. Natural Resources, 3, 71-74
Hu,L., Russell, L.L., Vago, R., Ben-Nissan, B. 2001. Production and analysis of hydroxyapatite from Australian corals via hydrothermal process. Journal of Materials Science Letters 20, 85-87
Kalita SJ, Bhardwaj A, Bhatt HA. 2007. Nanocrystalline calcium phosphate ceramics in biomedical engineering. Materials Science and Engineering: C.;27(3):441-9.
MacDonald, Joanne. 2011. Microstructure, crystallography and stable isotope composition of Crassostrea gigas.Glasgow Theses Service. 1-224
Md. Hasan Mahmud, Kazi Abdus Salam, M. A. Gafur, Ashequl Alam Rana, Md. Rakibul Qadir, Shah Md. Masum, Mithun Sarker, and Mohammad Mainul Karim. 2015. Chemical Characteristics of Hydroxyapatite from Oyster Shell by Thermo-Chemical Process. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 4, Issue 7, ISSN (Online) : 2319-8753
Novesar Jamarun, Zefri Azharman, Syukri Arief, Tika Permata Sari, Asregi Asril and Sri Elfina. 2015. Effect of Temperature on Synthesis of hydroxyapatite from Limestone. RASAYAN J. Chem .Vol. 8 | No.1 |133-137| January - March | ISSN: 0974-1496 | e-ISSN: 0976-0083 | CODEN: RJCABP
Shigeyuki So-Miya, and Rustum Roy. 2000. Hydrothermal synthesis of fine oxide powders. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 453–46
Shih-Ching, Hsueh-Chuan, Yu-Ning, Wen-Fu. 2011. Hydroxyapatite synthesized from oyster shells powder by ball milling and heat treatment. Materials Characterization 62 1180-1187
Suresh Kandagal V. 2012. Cements and Adhesives in Orthodontics - An Update.Research Article/Biological and Biomedical Reports (ISSN: 2162-4186), 2(5), 342-347
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Horn Point Oyster Hatchery. Oyster Life Cycle. http://hatchery.hpl.umces.edu/oysters/oysters-life-cycle/
Wojciech L. Suchanek, and Richard E. Riman. 2006. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Advanced Ceramic Powders. Advances in Science and Technology Vol. 45 pp. 184-193
Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, and Fukue Nagata. Hydrothermal Synthesis of Hydroxyapatite – Polymer Composite Materials. Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Nagoya 463-8560
Literature cited:
Back Titration
rubber pipette bulb
150-mL conical flask
250-mL volumetric flask
funnel
1 M Hydrochloric acid
0.5 M Sodium hydroxide
phenolphthalein
dropper
stirring rod
RESULTS & DISCUSSION
Mean Percent Purity of
Calcium Carbonate
(A) 3-5 cm = 64.00%
(B) 5-7 cm = 62.67%
(C) 7-9 cm =
66.67%

Materials and
Equipment
Disposal
SUBSTRATES
pH
- low pH, low
Calcium Carbonate
CLEANING
BOILING
DRYING
ABRASION
SIEVING
1 hour
3 days
20 minutes
325 microns
WEIGHING
3 grams
HCl
excess
CHEMICALS
dilution
WASTE
MATERIALS
trash bins
p > 0.050
*no significant difference
OYSTER SHELLS
Age
does
not
matter.

Recommendation #1
Recommendation #2
Recommendation #3
THOROUGH CLEANING
ENVIRONMENTAL
FACTORS

REPLICATIONS
Sorting of
Crassostrea iredalei
shells
B
A
C
Full transcript