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Fundamentals of Speech

Jessica López-Barkl

on 18 May 2017

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Transcript of Outlines

To help you prepare for all of your speeches.
Outlines help you have an "informal style," which is what is preferred in public speaking.

I. Main Point (Roman Numeral)
A. Supporting Point (Capital Letter)
1. Supporting Material (Arabic Number)
a. evidence (small letter)
II. Main Point #2

Standard Outline Form

General to Specific
Chronological Order
Space Order
Cause and Effect
Problem - Solution
Motivated Sequence

Types of Organization for the Body of your Speech

75-85% of the speech
The speaker’s message is presented
Main points of the speech
Most important part
Develops the Central Idea - the major points
Supporting Material - proves or clarifies the central idea and main points

Purpose of the Body of your Speech

Last chance to achieve the purpose of your speech.
Final Impression left on the audience.
Some say it’s the most important part.

Conclusion Purpose

Start off with Humor
Begin with a brief story
Ask a Rhetorical Question
Begin with a statistic
Refer to a previous speaker
Refer to familiar terms
Begin with a definition
Begin with a Startling Statement
Start with a quotation
List a Series of Examples

Types of Introductions



“In Conclusion”
“In Addition”, “Furthermore"
Also, again, as well as, besides, moreover, similarly, coupled with, likewise


Write out your main points in complete sentences.
Support each main point
Develop your conclusion after you have written your body.
Write in your transitions.
Write you Introduction last.

Other tips for writing in standard outline form

Divide outline into three parts
Use standard outline form

Order of Outline Writing

Main Points (also must be written in complete sentences) - they support and clarify your central idea.
Supporting material - proves your main points.

What needs to be contained in the Body of your Speech?

Advice on the the Body of the Speech

Advice on Conclusions

End with a Call to Action
End with a Rhetorical Question
End with a Positive Vision of the Future
End with a Restatement of your Central Idea
End with a summary of the Main Ideas developed in your speech
End with a Negative Vision of the Future

Types of Conclusions

Capture attention
Present central idea (always write in a complete sentence)
Indicate your qualifications
Give your audience a reason to listen
Preview your main points

Introduction Purposes

Check out one of Jessie’s DVDs or Youtube/Vimeo some.

Google your favorite politicians, comics, writers, etc. and find some examples.

Watch some

Example of a Self-Introductory

Look at an outline
Or...watch one...

Advice for Introductions
Full transcript