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History Timeline on the Spread of Buddhism
Transcript of History Timeline on the Spread of Buddhism
Birth of the Buddha in Kapilavastu. c. 450 BCE
The Buddha's enlightenment and first sermon. c. 405 BCE Death of the Buddha.
First Buddhist Council, at Rajagrha. c. 300 BCE
Buddhism arrives in SE Asia. 250 BCE
Third Buddhist Council, resulting in Great Schism and Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism 247 BCE
Mahinda introduces Buddhism to Sri Lanka. around 301- 400 CE
Rise of Vajrayana Buddhism. 372 CE
Chinese monks bring Buddhism to Korea. c. 420
Schools of Tiantai, Huayan, Chan, and Jingtu appear in China. 520 CE
Bodhidharma arrives in China. 526
Viniaya school founded in Korea. around. 501-600 CE
Burma adopts Theravada Buddhism. c. 600
First diffusion of Buddhism in Tibet. 618-50
Life of Songtsen Gampo; establishment of Buddhism in Tibet. around 601-700 CE
Mahayana Buddhism adopted in Indonesia. around 701-800 CE
Buddhism becomes state religion of Japan. 741
Japanese emperor orders a temple be built in every province. c. 792-94
The Great Samye Debate decides on Indian Mahayana Buddhism as the form for Tibet. around 1001-1100 CE
King of Burma restores Theravadin monasticism. Mahayana Buddhism declines. around 1150-1200 CE
Buddhism is virtually extinct in India. 1185-1333
During the Kamakura period in Japan, schools of Rinzai, Soto Zen, Jodo Shu (Pure Land), Jodo Shinshu (True Pure Land), and Nichiren develop. 1231-59
Mongols invade Korea, destroy Buddhist scriptures. 1253
Mongolian leader Kublai Khan accepts Tibetan Buddhism. 1360
Theravada Buddhism becomes state religion of Thailand. around 1401-1500 CE
Theravada Buddhism dominant in Cambodia. 1868
Shinto reinstated as national religion of Japan. 1910-45
Reformations of Korean and Chinese Buddhism. 1949
Buddhism suppressed by Chinese communist government. 1959
The Dalai Lama goes into exile. 1989
International Network of Engaged Buddhists founded. 1995
UK Association of Buddhist Studies founded. 2001
Destruction of standing Buddha statues at Bamiyan by Taliban regime. BCE ends c. 480 BCE 1401-1500 CE 701-800 CE 1360 CE 1001-1100 CE 1100-1200 CE 420 CE 501-600 CE 738 CE 1801-1900 CE Sources
7.http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/subdivisions/nichiren_1.shtml Theravada Buddhism
The Theravada are responsible for getting Buddhism to the south-east of Asia. Their teachings are from the first records of the Buddha's teachings. Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism is the type of Buddhism that accepts all kind of people into their religion. Mahayana spread Buddhism to the far east and to the north of Asia. Tantric Buddhism
Tantric Buddhism is responsible for the spread of Buddhism in the west of China. It's a different view of Buddhism that people on the edge of India thought of. Zen Buddhism
Zen Buddhism spread buddhism from China to Japan and Korea. It also spread in the west of Asia last century. Zen buddhism is a mix between Mahayana Buddhism and taoism. Nichiren Buddhism
Nichiren Buddhism is basically like Mahayana Buddhism but for Japan. Nichiren is what buddhism became after it arrived in Japan. It's also popular in western Asia.