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The United Nations.

Edited by: The Academic Committee
by

miesem baradey

on 13 August 2013

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Transcript of The United Nations.

Edited By :
The Academic Committee
SO...
THE
UNITED NATIONS
IS AN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOUNDED IN
1945
.
THE GROUP WAS ORIGINALLY COMPOSED OF
51 COUNTRIES
DEVOTED TO
-MAINTAINING PEACE
-IMPROVING LIVING STANDARDS
-PROMOTING HUMAN RIGHTS
WHAT
IS THE
UNITED
NATIONS?
THE
UNITED NATIONS
CHARTER IS A DOCUMENT THAT OUTLINES THE STRUCTURE OF THE UN.
UNITED NATIONS
THE
CHARTER
THE CHARTER INCLUDES...
CRITERIA FOR MEMBERSHIP
DIFFERENT GROUPS OF THE PEOPLE IN THE UN
HOW THE UN DEALS WITH DISPUTES AMONG COUNTRIES
PURPOSES
OF THE UN
PRINCIPLES
OF THE UN
WHAT ARE THE
PURPOSES
OF THE UNITED NATIONS?
MAINTAINING INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY
TO ACHIEVE COOPERATION IN SOLVING INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS
DEVELOPING FRIENDLY RELATIONS BETWEEN NATIONS
PROMOTING AND ENCOURAGING RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
PRINCIPLES
WELL, ACCORDING TO THE CHARTER, THEY ARE...
+ MEMBERS MUST FOLLOW
RULES
OF THE CHARTER
+ MEMBERS MUST SETTLE DISPUTES
PEACEFULLY
+
THREATS
MUST NOT BE USED TOWARDS OTHERS
+ THE UN CANNOT INTERFERE WITH THE
NATIONAL AFFAIRS
OF OTHER COUNTRIES
Q:
HOW MANY COUNTRIES ARE PART OF THE UNITED NATIONS?
A:
THERE WERE 51 ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE UN IN 1945. NOW, THEY HAVE EXPANDED TO INCLUDE 193 COUNTRIES.
IMPORTANT DOCUMENT OF THE UNITED NATIONS:
UNIVERSAL
DECLARATION
OF
HUMAN
RIGHTS
THE
United Nations
Children in Need
Preventing Crime & Drug Use
World Health
World Tourism
Trade & Development
Food and Agruculture
The General Assembly
The Security
Council
The
main
discussing
organ
of the United Nations
Decisions made on issues
concerning peace, security, money, and its own members
The current president is Vuk Jeremic from Serbia
Elects its own President each year from a different geographical region
Its job is to make peace; it investigates and solves potential disputes
There are 5 permanent members of the Security Council
The Security Council also has 10 countries that are non-permanent members
Economic and Social Council
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
RUSSIA
USA
UNITED KINGDOM
FRANCE
COLOMBIA GERMANY INDIA
SOUTH AFRICA
AZERBAIJAN
GUATEMALA
PAKISTAN
MOROCCO
PORTUGAL
TOGO
Co-ordinates
between the specialized agencies -that includes the WHO..
Holds responsibility for 70% of the UN’s financial & human resources
International Court of Justice
Makes decisions using the rules set forth in the UN charter
Settles legal disputes submitted by various countries
THE COURT OF JUSTICE MEETS AT THE HAUGE, NETHERLANDS
Secretariat
Carries out the day-to-day work of the UN & provides service to the UN’s other organs
Led by the Secretary-General
Currently Ban Ki-Moon of South Korea
Councils of the United Nations
Carlos P. Romulo of the Philippines signs the United Nations Charter
CONSISTS OF THIRTY ARTICLES INCLUDING INTERNATIONAL
TREATIES
, REGIONAL
HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS,
AS WELL AS NATIONAL
CONSTITUTIONS
AND
LAWS
DEVELOPED
IN 1948 ALONGSIDE THE CREATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
POWERS
OF THE
UNITED NATIONS
IT RECOGNIZES
EQUALITY
AND
RIGHTS
OF ALL PEOPLE AND PROMOTES F
REEDOM
,
JUSTICE
AND
PEACE
three
two
one
The UN has 3 powers it can exert over aggressor nations
Condemn the aggressor nation through speeches and resolutions
Use economic authority, urging other members not to trade with the assailant
Respond using military action by sending in armed forces
Egypt
THESE THREE CHOICES DON'T ALWAYS WORK OUT WELL
SINCE PERMANENT MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL CAN VETO ANY DECISION
INFLUENCES
OF THE
UNITED NATIONS
THE UN HELPS SPEED UP THE
INDEPENDENCE
OF COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT GOVERN THEMSELVES
In an appreciation to the Egyptian role in the United Nations, Egypt was elected a Security Council impermanent-member in (1946), (1949-1950), (1961-1962), (1984-1985) and (1996-1997).
TODAY, MOST OF THE UN'S WORK IS
DEVELOPMENT
IN POORER COUNTRIES AND
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE
THE UN
EASES TENSIONS
AND ORGANIZES
NEGOTIATIONS
FOR INTERNATIONAL CRISES
CRITICISM
of the
UNITED NATIONS
UNITED NATIONS
THE UN'S SECURITY COUNCIL RARELY MAKES DESICIONS BECAUSE THE
PERMANENT MEMBERS
CAN
VETO
SECURITY ACTION
THE UN DOES MANY THINGS TO HELP
BENEFIT
US AND OUR
COMMUNITY
IN THE FIRST TEN YEARS AFTER THE UN'S FOUNDING,
RUSSIA
USED THE VETO
79
TIMES.
UNITED NATIONS PEACEKEEPERS WERE ACCUSED OF
SEXUAL ASSAULT
IN HAITI, CONGO, AND SUDAN
THEY PROMOTE
GENDER QUALITY
AND
EMPOWERMENT
OF WOMEN
OVER 85% OF THE UNITED NATIONS IS
FUNDED
BY ONLY 20 COUNTRIES- AND THE US PROVIDES 1/5 OF THE UN'S
TOTAL BUDGET
.
THE UN WAS FORMED AFTER THE PREVIOUS
INTERNATIONAL PEACEKEEPING GROUP,
THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS
, FAILED TO PREVENT WORLD WAR II.
THE UN HOLDS CAMPAIGNS TO RAISE
GLOBAL AWARENESS
OF VULNERABLE GROUPS
THEY PROCLAIMED DECEMBER 3RD TO BE
INTERNATIONAL DAY OF DISABLED PEOPLE
WITH THE AIM OF PROMOTING AWARENESS
how the
affects us
a
AGENCIES
created by
THE UNITED NATIONS
help the following areas:
AND
UNITED NATIONS
THE
UNITED NATIONS
UNITED NATIONS
of the
CHARTER
Egypt was an
Original Member
of the United Nations from 24 October 1945

Egypt was also elected as a deputy president of the UN General Assembly in 1952, 1990 and 1993.
Full transcript