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Sport Rehabilitation Programmes 4.1
Transcript of Sport Rehabilitation Programmes 4.1
Design a safe and appropriate treatment and rehabilitation programme for two common sports injuries, with tutor support
What is Rehabilitation?
Rehabilitation is the restoration of the ability to function in a normal or near-normal manner following an injury (Stafford-brown and Rea, 2007).
Purpose of Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation usually involves reducing pain and swelling, restoring range of motion and increasing strength with the use of manual therapy (massage and manipulation), therapeutic methods such as ultrasound and an exercise programme.
If a sportsperson does not rehabilitate their injury effectively, they are much more likely to sustain another injury to the same area.
Post-injury treatment and rehabilitation
There are numerous ways in which to classify injury and its management. The following is a commonly accepted role model. This is called the 'stepladder approach' to rehabilitation.
When you are coaching children, sometimes you do not have any physiotherapist and you need to be able to prepare a rehab programme. Now that you know what rehabilitation is, choose from the above injuries and create a rehab programme for both injuries
Your plan must include:
• Signs & Symptoms of the injury
• First Aid Treatment for the injury
• The stages of Rehab
• Methods to Improve Range of Motion
• Methods to Improve Strength
• Psychological Considerations
• Your own medical form consent and personal details (medical history, allergies)
• Tracking progress (i.e. SMART goals, review dates).
• Ankle Sprain
• Hamstring Strain
• Fractured Fibula
• Groin Strain
• Achilles Tendinitis
• Knee Cartilage Tear
• Shoulder Dislocation
Physiological rehabilitation process
For rehabilitation to occur, an accurate and immediate diagnosis is needed to help establish effective treatment and rehabilitation management of an injury. Therefore, it is essential that an appropriately qualified person diagnoses the injury as early as possible.
Sport Rehabilitation Programmes
This may include a sports therapist, a physiotherapist, a doctor, or some other suitably qualified person. The diagnosis relies on accurate information given by either the injured person or someone who saw the injury happen.
The smallest of details can make a difference to how accurate a diagnosis can be. All information, including information regarding the environment, previous injury history, as well as the actual injury event, is very important to communicate.
Phase 1 – Immediate Post-Injury
Phase 2 – Acute Phase
Phase 3 – Sub-Acute Phase
Phase 4 – Active Rehabilitation
Phase 5 – Functional / Sports Specific Rehabilitation