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Copy of Substance Abuse In the Workplace

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tyler crouse

on 3 May 2011

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Transcript of Copy of Substance Abuse In the Workplace

Substance Abuse
In the Workplace
Workplace drug teseting can be conducted either inside or outside of your workplace.
For the Employee:
You can search a database or browse a list of companies that conduct drug testing in the workplace, for free from Test Clear, a provider of drug-test information and products. Keep in mind that, although it's a long list, it's not likely to include all companies that drug test.

For the HR Manager
Make sure the provider meets your needs for testing.
If you have multiple locations, testing companies will set up testing for all locations.
Make sure that the locations are accessible for candidates and employees.
Also be sure to confirm the environment and service mirrors your standards.





Whether or not drug-free workplace laws apply, a lawyer or other legal expert should review the policy
All organizations should ask a lawyer or other legal expert—with specific knowledge about drug-free workplace policies, programs, and case law—to review the draft policy, whether or not the organizations are covered by drug-free workplace laws or regulations. Ensure that the hot stove rule is applied to any policy made in your organization.
1. 2.A written policy helps each organization

There are many reasons to put the drug-free workplace policy in writing.
•Legal reasons
•Records/ Protection
•Ease of use A written policy helps each organization

There are many reasons to put the drug-free workplace policy in writing.
• Legal reasons
• Records/ Protection
• Ease of use
3.BASIC ELEMENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE POLICY
•Statement of purpose
•Goals
•Definitions, expectations, and prohibitions
4.Prepare the workplace

The policy could make clear that all employees will be educated about the policy and will be expected to understand it and know what they can dogiven their particular work rolesto help make the policy succeed.
5. Provide Assistance
The policy should name the kinds of formal and informal assistance that the organization will provide to address and prevent workplace substance abuse. Only if your organiztion is commited to helping employees that may be suffering from substance abuse. 5 Rules for Creating a Substance Abuse Policy

1. Workers age 18-22 have the highest rate of illicit drug use at 22.2%

2. Almost 75% of illicit drug users over the age of 18 are employed part or full time, So the Majority of the work force are also drug users!!! EAP programs help motivate employees to get help in the early stages before it becomes a chronic problem.
Helps to retain valued employees
Also helps restore employees productivity
The help provided is confidential and professional Benefits of EAP programs Worker Statistics of Substance Abuse Employee Assistance Programs (EAP) These employee benefit programs have the purpose to help employees deal with personal problems that might adversely impact their work performance, health, and well-being. Standard Chemical Alcohol and Drug Abuse Policy 1. Use or abuse of any substance that may have an adverse effect on job performance or safety is a violation of company policy.
2. Reporting to work or working while under the influence of alcohol or unauthorized drugs is a violation of company policy.
3. Unauthorized drugs are any drugs that cannot be obtained legally or have been illegally obtained. Prescription drugs obtained without a perscription, or over-the-counter drugs used other than as instructed, are considered to be unauthorized drugs.
4. drug testing is required as a condition of employment when there is reasonable suspicion of drug or alcohol use.
5. Reasonable suspicion is a basis for drug testing when, in the opinion of management, a job-related accident may have been caused by human error that may be drug or alcohol related.
6. Employees who test positive may, if circumstances warrant, be permitted to continue employment provided they agree to undergo periodic drug/alcohol screening and participate in the company-approved Employee Assistance Program (EAP) For every $1 invested in EAP, employers generally save $5 to $16
The average annual cost of the Eap program per employee is $12 to $20

The Philadelphia Policae Department employees undergoing treatment reduced their sick days by an average of 38% and injured days by 62%.

General Motors Corporations EAP program saves the company $37 million per year ($3,700 per employee for each of the 10,000 employees who are currently enrolled in the program).

Cost Effectiveness of EAP 5 Step Process to EAP 1. Recognition
2. Documentaion
3. Action
4. Referral
5. Reintegration This law prohibits the manufacture, distribution, posession, and use of controlled substances in the workplace. Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988 U.S. Department of Labor Estimates that drug & alcohol usage in the workplace costs employers between $75 to $100 billion annually in lost time, accidents, and workers compensation costs. Presented by:
Wil Woodard
Maurice McInnis
Tyler Crouse
Campbell, Reginald L., & Langford, R. Everett. (1995). Substance Abuse in the Workplace. Florida: CRC Press,
Inc.
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Department of Labor. Drug-Free Workplace Policy Builder.http://www.dol.gov/elaws/asp/drugfree/drugs/
screen92.asp
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Fain, Herbert, & Celinski, Laura C. (2003, April). Public Works management & Policy. Achievements of Zero-
Tolerance Drug testing. Vol 7. 277. “Issue 4.”
Gerhart, Barr, & Hollenbeck, John R., & Noe, Raymond A.,& Wright, Patrick M. (2011). Fundamentals of
Human Resource Management. New York: McGraw-Hill.
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article/10-things-you-need-to-know-about-drug-and-workforce-testing
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Human Resource Professionals. (3rd edition). New York: Amacom.
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Applications Cases, Exercises, Incidents, and Skill Builders. Ohio: Thompson South-Western.
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