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Structure of Families in Mexico

Sociology Project

Sara Reyes

on 7 December 2014

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Transcript of Structure of Families in Mexico

Structure of Families in Mexico
The typical families in Mexico consist of extended or nuclear families. We see more extended families with aunts, uncles, and cousins involved along with other family members, but nuclear families are becoming more dominant.
Living Patterns
It is more common for new married couples to be neolocal which means that they live on their own, but the couples do tend to live near the family of the male.
Heritage is also patrilineal and matrilineal. Families are patrilineal in the way that they only have the fathers surname and his economic status. The families are matrilineal in the way that the mothers are the ones that are responsible in teaching the children about the culture and heritage of their families. Gender roles are very emphasized in Mexico with women trying to reach Marianismo and men Machismo. It is very important for women to be virtuous , submissive, and accepting of their husband but at the same time holding her family together because although the man is head of the house she is what keeps the family unified. A machista is a male who follows the norms of machismo , they are the strong hard workers who are in charge of protecting and handling their families.


There are more males than females from birth to the age of 25. Although there are more males the difference is not that great since there are only 10,999,445 males and 10,741,99 females. This difference between the two becomes greater and more significant after the age of 25 with women being more dominant at 25,200,511 and males at 23,385,321. Mexico has a population growth rate of 1.21% , but a death rate of 5.24 deaths out of 1,000 people. In total the population is 120,286,655 people.
Fertility Rate
The fertility rate in Mexico is 2.29 children born per woman in the country. There is also a total of 12.58 death births from 1,000 live births.
Child births, infant mortality rate, and other facts
Obedience are respect are two things that mexican parents emphasize a lot when raising their children. They are taught to respect their parents and anyone who is an adult .The parents do not prefer a method of parenting and they usually base their teachings on the children's gender as well as age. Unlike other cultures they tend to be more involved in the lives of their children as they are raising them according to gender roles.They teach the women to be good housewives while the men are taught to be hard workers The fertility rate being at 2.29 is higher than the replacement rate of 2.1. There aren't any laws concerning birth rate, but there is a law in which parents must register their children before being six months old to evade them from becoming "invisible" children.

Attitudes towards sex and education on sex.
Sexual education is taught in school for all of the children to be aware of. The children are taught about sex in order to prevent teenage pregnancies which are at 51.9% of active females ages 12-19. Although, sex is taught to children they are also taught that it is a tabu to engage in such acts until marriage and they must only engage in them to conceive children. The catholic faith is very strong in Mexico with about 80% of the population being catholic that the faith actually plays a significant role in this and even if married by the civil court the couple must wait after being officially married through the church as well. A lot of books are also available throughout the country about sexuality. The only issue is that the teenagers are not taught about contraceptives only about how their bodies change developing an interest in the opposite sex and how they must not engage in any kind of sexual act which is what is causing so many teenage pregnancies since more than 35% don't even know what a contraceptive is. Homosexuality is also widespread and many television shows have tried to show people that it is normal for others to be homosexuals. There are also many places that are for homosexuals like gay bars in big cities, which is different than before when they would be shamed. Their acceptance is not complete but people's attitudes have changed towards them as they are increasing since more than 1% of families are composed of homosexuals. Machismo is still dominant and another reason that homosexuality is not fully accepted.
First Marriage
Age and other factors
Women have their first child between the ages of 21- 29 with a median age of 21.3, but most of them get married at 23 and males get married at 24. This number had increased due to women pursuing their careers and putting off marriage. People are expected to get married through civil court and also through the catholic church. The divorce rate is 0.33 per 1,000 people. This number is thought to be lower than other countries due to the catholic faith not allowing people to get a divorce from the church and by the catholic church portraying divorce as something frowned upon by god.
Structure of Families in Mexico
The Sex Ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female
By: Sara Reyes
Dr. Julie Song
Sociology 16 : Marriage, Families & Relationships
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