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on 29 March 2017

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Transcript of THE FOUR FRAMES

The Structural, Subjective, Cultural and Postmodern Frames are used to critically and historically interpret art. They give meaning to art and are a way of generating different ideas and understandings of the function and relationships between the artwork, the artist, the world in which the artwork is created in and it's audience.
Questions we can use to analyse artworks through the structural Frame can include:

Describe the visual language of line, shape, colour, tone, texture, focal point, composition and space within an artwork.
What style, or period, or art movement was the artwork created in?
What signs and symbols are there? What are the relationships between the signs and symbols?
What materials and techniques are used?
What conventions are used?

Questions we can use to analyse artworks using the Cultural Frame can include:

What cultural group, race, people, or identity is represented in the artwork?
What ideas, concepts or beliefs is revealed in the artwork?
Are there spiritual or secular (non-religious) beliefs in the artwork?
What signs and symbols reveal this information in the artwork?
Do cultural and social meanings affect the art practices of the artist when making the artwork?
Was the artwork made during a significant event?
Stop and Think!
When the Mona Lisa was created by Leonardo da Vinci in 1503-1517 during the Renaissance in Italy, the portrait represented the ideals of beauty of Renaissance society as well as reflecting portrait conventions of that time.

Do you think these ideas of beauty and portraiture still hold value in today's society?
Questions we can use to analyse artworks using the Postmodern Frame can include:

Is the artwork mainstream or outside mainstream?
What is appropriated, or quoted from another source?
Does the artwork include humour, parody, irony or playfulness?
Does the artwork re-interpret another idea from an artwork?
What is challenged in art practices?
What is challenged about art history, the role of art or art for art's sake.
Questions we can use to analyse artworks through the Subjective Frame can include:

What are my first impressions of the artwork?
What is the emotional impact of the artwork?
What am I reminded of?
What emotions is the artist expressing in the artwork?
What do I feel when I see this artwork?
What is it about?

The Structural, subjective, cultural and postmodern frames
Through this frame, art may be thought to be about and represent
visual language
through a relationship between signs and symbols and the elements of art. Artists may use their artworks to represent ideas and communicate meaning to an audience. Artworks can be thought about as symbolic objects that convey visual language, material forms and motifs and represent meaning. Audiences read artworks as symbols and signs and decode artworks to understand the visual information contained within them using visual language.

The crossbones is a easily recognisable
When we see a crossbones we associate it with death, caution, poison and fear.
The Subjective frame is concerned with feelings, emotions, imagination, creative expression and the experience of the artist and audience. Artists can create artworks as emotional outpourings and reminders of their personal experiences, memories and fantasies. Audiences view and interpret the meaning of the art and relate it to their own personal experiences and associations. It develops your understanding of aesthetics in visual arts and sensory, expressive and imaginative experiences we feel when viewing artworks. This frame allows you to develop your own personal responses to artists and artworks that are significant to your own emotions and experiences and become inspired by those artists and artworks that are of great personal interest to you.
Through this frame art can be thought about and represent the interests of cultural groups, ideology, class, politics, gender, events and the celebration of spiritual and secular beliefs. We ourselves and our identities are created and shaped by various social constructs. Artists may be influenced by society, culture and politics when making artworks. Artworks may be thought as a reflection of ideas of the society, culture and time they where created in - The value of art lies in its social meaning. Audience can be thought as art consumers, patrons, collectors, historians and the public.
Through this frame, art can challenge, re-interpret and question past art.

More to come on this frame.........
This is a distorted skull. Anamorphsis was popular in the sixteenth century. It only looks like a skull when viewed from the side. There are many reasons why it looks like that but it is hard to definitely know why Holbein painted it like that. It may have been painted like that because the painting may have hung in a specific location. However, the skull is repeated on the hat of the left person.
Hans Holbein the Younger,
The Ambassadors
, 1533, Oil on Oak, 207 x 209. 5 cm, National Gallery, London
Always read the citation to help with your understanding of the artwork.
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