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Transcript of Beef Cattle
Bovidae Maine-Anjou Shorthorn Simmental Red Angus Domestication of beef cattle occured around 8000 BC
Used for beef, leather, work, and milk Subfamily: Bovinae
Species: B. primigenius
Subspecies: B. p. taurus, B. p. indicus originated from Northwestern part of France
cross between Durham cattle and the Mancelle
very dark red with white markings on the head, belly, rear legs and tail
mature bulls weigh 2200-3100 lbs, mature cows weigh 1500-1900 lbs
evolved as a dual-purpose breed, with the cows used for milk production and the bull calves fed for market
It is still common on many farms to find Maine-Anjou being milked red in color
all of the same characteristics as black Angus
beef is highly desirable red, white, or roan, although all white is not common
Cows are economical assets having high fertility rates, early maturation, sufficient milk, and being overall good mothers
known to mostly calve easily and be mild tempered cattle
brings with it high marbling traits and the ability to cross well with just about anything
currently plagued with the presence of Tibial Hemimelia in a contained but popular bloodline. Causes cattle to be born with major deformities Breeds of Beef Cattle
There are 11 main types of beef cattle Angus Originated in England/Scotland around the 18th century
Solid Black (good for crossbreeding), polled
Beef highly desirable- marbled texture
Largest purebred beef registry in the world
excellent maternal instincts Beefmaster First American breed (Texas) around 1900
Red with white on face
Known for fertility, milk production, conformation, weight, hardiness, and disposition
Very durable in heat Brangus Charolais Gelbvieh Hereford Limousin From France
White with pink muzzle and pale hooves, horned, long bodied
Known for growth and uniformity; natural live weight gain, muscling, temperance, calving, and adaptation to environment. First developed in USA, cross between Brahman and Angus
Black or Red, polled, sleek coat, pigmented skin
Foragers, good mothers, late maturing, rapid weight gain, carcass without excessive fat. From England around 1700
Rust brown to red, with white on face, legs, and underbelly
Does well in a wide range of conditions
Known for fertility, top quality meat, both heavily marbled fat and a small and young with a light finish. Works Cited "Angus." Breeds of Livestock. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/cattle/angus/>.
"Angus Cattle." Angus Cattle. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.cattle.com/articles/title/Angus Cattle.aspx>.
"Beef Cattle." Cattle Breeds: Brangus. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/beef/breeding/breeds/brangus>.
"Beef Cattle." Cattle Breeds: Hereford. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/livestock/beef/breeding/breeds/hereford>.
"News." The Cattle Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.thecattlesite.com/breeds/beef/11/charolais/overview>.
"News." The Cattle Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012. <http://www.thecattlesite.com/breeds/beef/46/beefmaster/overview>.
"Shorthorn Catte." Cattle.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
<http://www.cattle.com/articles/title/Shorthorn+Cattle.aspx>. originated in Switzerland
among the oldest and most widely distributed of all breeds of cattle in the world
traditionally red and white
now about 80% of Simmental cattle in the U.S. are solid black, the rest are solid red
highly sought after because of their rapid growth development
Simmentals provide more combined weaning gain (growth) and milk yield than any other breed originated in southern Germany
red or golden brown in color, dark hooves, horned
known for superior fertility, calving ease, mothering ability, growth rate of calves, high rate of gain and feed efficiency during early times of animal power, known for being great work animals in addition to their beef qualities
red or black, naturally horned, but are often bred polled
produce lean, tender meat Let's play a game! What breed is white with a pink muzzle? Which breed was the first American breed? In what year were beef cattle domesticated? What two breeds are crossed to make Brangus? What is a cross between a Durham and a Mancelle called? Which breed has currently been plagued with Tibial Hemimelia? Which breed is highly sought after because of their rapid growth development? Which breed has the largest purebred beef registry in the world? What are 4 characteristics Beefmaster are known for? What are the four things beef cattle are used for? Which breed has highly desirable beef because of its marbled texture? Which breed originated in southern Germany? Which breed does well in a wide range of conditions?