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Krumboltz's Happenstance Learning Theory

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by

Michelle Gouge

on 25 July 2016

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Transcript of Krumboltz's Happenstance Learning Theory

Fundamental Difference
'...the
learning
of skills, interests, beliefs, values, work habits, and personal qualities that enable each client to create a satisfying life within a constantly changing work environment.'
Planned Happenstance
"Taking advantage of chance events"
Dealing with Chance Career Opportunities
Curiosity
Persistence
Flexibility
Optimism
Risk Taking

"to initiate a learning process that encourages curiosity and helps clients take advantage of unplanned events"
What influences the goals of career counseling?
1) The goal of career counseling is to help clients learn to take actions to achieve more satisfying career and personal lives- not to make a single career decision.
Krumboltz's Happenstance Learning Theory
2) Career assessments are used to stimulate learning, not to match personal characteristics with occupational characteristics.
3) Clients learn to engage in exploratory actions as a way of generating beneficial unplanned events.
4) The success of counseling is assessed by what the client accomplishes in the real world outside the counseling session.
social factors
educational conditions
occupational conditions
genetic influences
4 Steps
1) Normalize planned happenstance in the client's history
2) Assist clients to transform curiosity into opportunities for learning and exploration
3) Teach clients to produce desirable chance events
4) Teach clients to overcome blocks to action
Counselor Behavioral Strategies
Reinforcement
Role Modeling
Role Playing
Simulation
Presented by: Patrick Reidy and Michelle Payton
References
Sharf, R. (2013). Applying career development theory to counseling (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Full transcript