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Hollywood Movie Industry
Transcript of Hollywood Movie Industry
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
History of Hollywood
Prospect Avenue (now Hollywood Boulevard) was his main street and was selling large residential lots to wealthy Midwestern people as summer resort. Prospect Ave. soon became a prestigious residential street. Wilcox's wife raised funds to build churches, schools and a library and Hollywood quickly became a prosperous community.
In 1886, H. H. Wilcox bought an area of Rancho La Brea that his wife named "Hollywood." Within a few years, Wilcox had a plan for his new community.
In the early 1900s, filmmakers began moving to the Los Angeles area to get away from the strict rules imposed by Thomas Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company in New Jersey. Most of the movie making patents were owned by Edison, independent filmmakers were often by Edison to stop their productions.
To escape his control, and because of the ideal weather conditions and varied terrain, movie makers began to arrive in Los Angeles to make their films. If agents from Edison's company came out west to find and stop these filmmakers, adequate notice allowed for a quick escape to Mexico.
The First of the Hollywood Studio
Studios Flee to Hollywood
In 1911, the first motion picture studio in Hollywood was built by the Nestor Motion Picture Company on Sunset and Gower corner. Nestor Studios merged one year later with Universal Film Company.
The First Film in Hollywood
On March 10, 1910, film director D.W. Griffith releases the first motion picture ever made in Hollywood. The short silent film "In Old California" was a 17-minute melodrama on Mexican and Spanish-occupied California. During his visits to Los Angeles, Griffith liked the Hollywood landscape and sought its beautiful scenery. The film was released by motion picture distributor Biograph Company.
The Squaw Man
In 1914, the Squaw Man by Cecil B. DeMille's feature film holds the record of first feature-length film made in Hollywood.
First Movie Theater in Los Angeles
In 1902, the Electric Theater, the first theater only for motion pictures built for that purpose, by Thomas Lincoln Tally in downtown Los Angeles. Admission was 10 cents for a one-reel movie
Charlie Chaplin (16 April 1889 - 25 December 1977) was a british comic actor, filmmaker and composer who rose to fame in the silent era.
In 1914, Charlie Chaplin makes his first movie, “Making a Living,” filmed on 35 mm in Los Angeles under the auspicous banner of the Keystone Pictures Studio, syndicate of the famous Keystone Cops.
Charlie Chaplin's First Movie
The First Academy Award
The first Academy Awards ceremony took place out of the public eye during an Academy banquet at the Blossom Room of the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, located on Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood on May 16, 1929. Two hundred seventy people attended and guest tickets cost $5.
First stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Evelyn Preer, born Evelyn Jarvis (July 16, 1896 – November 27, 1932), was a pioneering African-American stage and screen actress and blues singer of the 1910s through the early 1930s. Evelyn was known within the black community as "The First Lady of the Screen."
First Black Star
Anna May Wong (1905-1961) was the first Chinese-American in the history. She was born near the Los Angeles Chinatown neighborhood. In 1921, she received her first screen credit for "Bits of Life."
First Asian Star
First Hollywood Movie Stars
For a long time, during the Silent era, producers refused to list the names of the actors. They worried that if they did, they would become famous and would demand higher salaries. For years, silent screen actors and actresses were just faces without names.
Florence Lawrence (January 2, 1886 – December 28, 1938) was a Canadian born silent film actress. 1906, she appeared in her first motion picture. She is often referred to as “The First Movie Star.” When she was popular, she was known as “The Biograph Girl." Lawrence appeared in close to 300 films for various motion picture companies.
There were eight stars installed honoring Joanne Woodward, Ernest Torrence, Robert Preston, Burt Lancaster, Olive Bordon, Edward Sedgwick, Ronald Colman and Louise Fazenda. Joanne Woodward was the firs celebrity to pose by a Walk of Fame star. The official groundbreaking took place on February 8, 1960.
Americans worry about Hollywood's future because the movie going audience has continued to decrease from 1.2 billion in 1983 to 950 million in 1992 because of TV, foreign films and so on. Also the cost of making and marketing a movie: an average of $40 million today.
Hollywood is well-know that the center of the movie industries in the world. Hollywood was established in 1853. Hollywood became a thriving agricultural community. Harvey Henderson Wilcox and his wife, Daeida, who moved to Los Angeles from Topeka, Kansas, in the 1880s. Wilcox bought 160 acres of land west of the city. The town's name came from Daeida, who, while on a train trip east met a woman that described her country home in Ohio, where had been named for the Dutch settlement of Hollywood. Liking the name, Daeida christened their ranch "Hollywood," upon her return. Prospect Avenue (now Hollywood Boulevard) became a prestigious residential street. Wilcox's wife planned to build churches, schools and a library and Hollywood quickly became a prosperous community. In the early 1900s, filmmakers began to move to Los Angeles to avoid controlled by Thomas Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company in New Jersey. The filmmakers wanted to escape from his control, and they moved to Los Angeles to make their movies because of the ideal weather. In 1902, the Electric Theater, the first theater only for motion pictures built for that purpose, by Thomas Lincoln Tally in downtown Los Angeles. Admission was 10 cents for a one-reel movie. On March 10, 1910, D.W. Griffith filed the first motion picture "In Old California" ever made in Hollywood during his visits to Los Angeles. In 1911, the first motion picture studio in Hollywood was built by the Nestor Motion Picture Company (Now, Universal Studio). The first Academy Awards ceremony began at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel on May 16, 1929. During the Silent era, producers didn’t list the names of the actors and actresses because they were worried about if they became famous, they have to pay more their salaries. Joanne Woodward is known that the first actress to put her name on the walk of fame on February 8, 1960. Why the history of films is important is today, we enjoy movies as entertainment.