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Rajasthan - Translation of Traditional Architecture

Traditional Architecture and its relevance in modern day context
by

Priyansh Yadav

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Rajasthan - Translation of Traditional Architecture

Traditional Architecture
Compact planning of houses.
It shade each other and also considerably reduce the exposed open spaces around them.
The height of the buildings being one to two times the width of the street.
It create shaded cool environment for the pedestrians and other social activities on the streets.
Used for social interaction place.
It is the man-made rainwater harvesting stepwell at Umaid Heritage, Jodhpur.
As a unique combination of a kund and a bawri, it is a modern interpretation of an ancient water management system.
Its visual impact and drama is supported by the structure itself anad by the play of light and shadow within its pillars and walls.
The approach and the sudden revelation of a majestic structure make the descent dramatic and exhilarating.
The bawari has been developed to double as a community space for gatherings and casual walks.
A series of segments of such “vaulted walls” are placed opposite one another and are held against each other by a trabeated (column and beam) structure.
“Its creation is especially significant as it constructed of locally available natural building material ,built by local craftsmen,  to collect nature generated water; rainwater from the townships catchment, by help of natural energy, gravity, without resorting to mechanical and electrical means.
RAAS HAVELI
Components of Traditional Architecture of Rajasthan
“Folk building growing in response to actual needs, fitted into environment by people who knew better than to fit them with native feelings”
- FL Wright
Going back to our roots does not mean we start building like our ancestors. We need to go back in context, to recollect our lost values, which were not just visible in the character, but also in functional aspects of buildings
Traditional architecture verbally may be defined as culmination of a creative process of interpretation of building traditions, skills & experience, which is strongly experiences by factors such as environmental conditions, material resources, social structures, belief system.
Traditional architecture still stands today and is relevant because it has always addressed sustainability.
Traditional is language, a method for communication, it only makes sense that we create habitats that speak the language of the landscapes we put them in.
Modernity served the need to reinvent a new and more responsive architecture from past experiences.
A new development are not entirely devoid of our root, it carry, even within their differences, allegories of influences on the architecture.
By creating an urban environment that is in tune with nature and provides for more than just the basic needs of the inhabitants.
With the help of innovative synthesis of modern technology with traditional yearnings - it is a new synergy for a new language, which is climate and culture responsive.
Its Relevance in Modern-Day Context!
INTRODUCTION
COURTYARDS

Built on the principles of Vastu Shastra.
Man needs a place of peace, seclusion, hostile, amorphous world outside, share of day and night, sun and moon, heat and cold and rain.
It served as a micro-climate modifier.
It is the breathing space the lungs.
The breaking of spaces also served the purpose of lighting and ventilation well.
Serves various levels of privacy.

STEPWELLS
Water is scarce resource.
Difficult to obtain from high up in the sky and deep down in the earth.
There is a tradition of conserving water.
It is highly valued, respected and almost worshipped.
Serves as meeting and resting places for men on hot summer afternoons.
JAALIS
Muslim Tradition of “Pardah”, did not allow women to be in public eye jaalis helped women to observe out side world remaining out of sight.
It filters light into the indoor space.
It brings channeled cool air through its openings.
It is perforated stone or latticed screen, usually with an ornamental pattern.
PLANNING
Translation of Traditional Knowledge
Raj Rewal -
Inspired from Rajasthan Traditional Architecture

Raj Rewal was among first who encountered the application of advanced rajasthans theories of urban planning and building technologies.
He transformed morphology of streets, gateways, elevated passages, courtyards etc. to contemporary form.
He exposed towards the classical and vernacular traditions of building in rajasthan.
He was influenced by the typologies of traditional bldg. and cities like Jaisalmer.
He was inspired by Urban fabric, Clusters, Streets, Gateways, Inner Courtyards, Roof Gardens are elements of rajasthan architecture.

PEARL ACADEMY
The institute is located in a typical hot, dry, desert type climate on the outskirts of Jaipur .The adverse climate makes it a challenge to control the micro climate without artificial cooling system.
To build a progressive design institute requires addressing the new generation, contemporary social condition and needs to be inspired by tradition.
Elements such as open courtyards, water bodies, step-well or baoli and jaalis were derived from their historic usages.
The building is protected from the environment by a double skin which is derived from a traditional building element called the “Jaali” which is prevalent in Rajasthani architecture.
Courtyards derived from the built heritage of Rajasthan, replete with havelis, inward-looking blocks.
The traditional “courtyards” take on amorphous shapes within the regulated form of the cloister-like periphery. This curvilinear geometry is generated through a computerized shadow analysis that tracks the precise movement of the sun through the day and across the seasons.
Traditional matkas are handmade mud vessels that are used to heat insulation sandwich of trapped air is applied to roof.
Energy efficiency is a prime concern and the institute is 100% self sufficient in terms of captive power and water supply and promotes rain water harvesting and waste water recycling
It is 17th century structures set in a large “courtyard”, they transformed this into a luxury boutique hotel.
Inspired by the ancient double skinned structures of the region, the traditional stone latticed “jharokha” form of Rajasthani architecture that cools the building and offers privacy.
Architects create a structure that seamlessly integrates the intricate “haveli” elements with stark modern lines, minimalist spaces.
Using light and shadow to rejuvenate the exhausted eighteenth century Rajput building.
Built in sultry red sandstone, the building combines opulence characteristic of Rajasthan with an organic earthiness, it is brimming with unusual textures that mirror the arid desert landscape.
Buildings with a modernistic and minimalistic appeal using space, light and clean lines to balance the effect of the classical architecture.
Features using such as solar-heated cast-iron bathtubs, heat absorbing sandstone shutters, and sleek artisan-crafted latticed corridors inspired by the screen “jaalis” of rajasthan.
BIRKHA BAWARI
Translation of Courtyards
Traditional Stepwells
Translation of Stepwells
Traditional Jaalis
Translation of Jaalis
Traditional Planning
Translation of Planning
Traditional Courtyards
Rajasthan -
Translation of Traditional Architecture
Rajasthan - Contemporary
Translation of Traditional Architecture
Rajasthan Traditional Architecture
Rajasthan’s traditional architecture has acknowledged a balancing and active role in the harshest hot and dry climatic conditions by providing delicacy and beauty to the facade and rich aesthetic variations in the elements.
Architecture of Rajasthan has been influenced by four basic factors:
RESPONSE TO CLIMATE
RESPONSE TO DEFENCE
RESPONSE TO RELIGION
RESPONSE TO CULTURE
Typical Section to Shahjahanbaad House, it shows to facilitate the movement of cool air into the house, parapets are not built towards the courtyard.
The horizontal, vertical skypoddar haveli museum, Shekhawati.
Chaand Bawari (Stepwell),
Jaipur
Image showing the effect of passive evaporated cooling through a courtyard over a water body.
Image showing Courtyard in Raas Haveli.
Series of Stepwell in Chaand Bawari.
Image showing the structural stone for Beams, columns and lintels - Birkha Bawari
The entrance to the Bawari from the Kund - Beerkha Bawari
Underbelly which is thermally banked on all size serves as a large recreation area.
Ornamental Pattern
Jaali
Stone louvers tilted towards the inside.
A small window used for viewing out at Amber Fort.
The double screen act as a thermal buffer between the building and the surrounding. - Pearl Academy
Jaalis/Rose Sandstone windows in Raas Haveli
Mutual shading done by projection in street.
Compact planning reduce the open space around them.
THANKS!
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