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Transcript of Anthropology
This is the study of human history from the point humans first used tools up to modern times. It is mostly done through examining materials cultures have left behind, from artifacts to building to the impact left on their environment.
This is the study of how language relates to human culture, biology, and sense. This includes how language affects humans socially, and how humans communicate and behave in groups.
This is the study of cultures and their history, and is done by analyzing the relationship between different cultures. Ethnologists compare cultures to each other to learn the similarities and differences they have.
Kathleen was an archeologist who is most famous for participating in excavations of ancient sites in the Fertile Crescent. I feel like she is an important figure in archeology because her studies helped archeologists reach their current understanding of pottery in the region. This is especially important because pottery was such an integral part of ancient culture.
George was an ethnologist who I believe was especially qualified to study cultures, as he himself traveled around the world, even on James Cook's second voyage. His work greatly contributed to the study of Polynesian cultures, and I think his work should be considered better than many of his peers, as he saw these cultures first hand.
Alessandro is currently Professor of Anthropology and Dean of Social Sciences at UCLA, and he has done a great deal of studying and fieldwork in linguistic anthropology. He has also written several books on linguistic anthropology. I feel Alessandro is important as he is an example of a modern anthropologist and what they do.
This subfield of biological anthropology is the study of both living and extinct primates, primarily for the purpose of clarifying evolutionary relationships
Dian is known for her extensive study and conservation of the mountain gorilla. Time period of research - 1967-1985
This subfield of biological anthropology is the study of fossil, such as bones and footprints, as evidence of human evolution
Dubois is famous for his discovery of Pithecanthropus Erectus (later redesignated Homo Erectus) or "Java Man." Time period of research: 1881-1930.
This subfield of biological anthropology is the study of DNA structure and the flow of genes amongst civilizations across time and space
Sewall is known for his discovery of the inbreeding coefficient and of methods of computing it in pedigree. Time period of research: 1925-1955.