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on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Untitled Prezi

The Building Blocks of Colonialism

"De-Skilling Asia"
De-skilling Asia
Holding Up Hierarchies
Colonists appointed leaders arbitrarily in Africa and Asia, instead of letting the locals elect their own.
The Colonial Administrator promised the local leader that as long as he controlled the natives in the colony, he would be supported by the Europeans (given military access, wealth)
Once the colonized countries gained independence, there was no reason for the appointed leader to stay in power; therefore, locals were confused as to whom they were supposed to serve under.
This caused chaos and revolt (anarchy)
The raw deal
You need to eat a variety of food, in order to be healthy.
Some crops are seasonal, so if you have 2 crops, you won’t have enough food.
It made the Africans less technologically advanced because they were forced to live only of farming.
Most of the crops they grew weren't food, you can't live off cotton, jute and tea.
If Africans sold their crops to other people besides the Europeans, the prices would be low because everyone would sell the same crops.

Drawing the Line
The Europeans used the divide and rule tactic to prevent rebellions against them.
Divide and rule is when you favor one group over another so it creates inner tension and this way the people cannot unify against the colonists.
They separated people with things in common (certain tribes and ethnic groups) and if they couldn't do that they would draw a line between them.
These colonial boundaries caused big problems later on.
For example, the Dutch used the Ambonese people as soldiers to suppress the other Indonesian people.
When Indonesia became independent the Ambonese were so hated by the rest of the country that they went to Holland as refugees.
Pictures of Drawing the Lines
The division of labor greatly affected the craftsmen in Asia
Europeans made sure that the Asians sold raw products to them at low prices
But they had to buy manufactured goods from Europe at a higher price
By taxing them highly, the Europeans discouraged the Asian Craftsmen
This effected the development of Asia because it made Asia economically dependent on Europe for all resources of manufactured
Because crafts were the major source of income in Asia, without them they couldn't fully develop
Asian colonies such as India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines were very rich in natural resources
However the money that was produced from those resources as well as mines, wasn't used to develop the industries and countries in Asia.
Instead they were used to develop the colonial powers in Europe
From 1850 to 1872 Indonesia (formerly called the Dutch East Indies) contributed to one third of Holland's national budget. This influx of wealth aided the Dutch in reducing their national debt as well as paying for the building of railways.
To some extent colonialism still exists. This video shows that the rich countries of the world are still benefiting much more from the resources and labor of 3rd world countries around the world, increasing the disparity of wealth within and among countries.
Full transcript