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Sociology A2 Crime & Deviance lesson 8
Transcript of Sociology A2 Crime & Deviance lesson 8
crime and deviance
Functionalism & Social Control theory
Normative views on crime and deviance
The role of social control is to provide society with predictability - socially predictable behaviour is easy to police as boundaries can be established around expected behaviour
Functionalists state that crime and deviance occurs when social control is ineffective and unpredictable behaviour occurs.
Sociologist Hirschi (1969) identified that people who commit crime have a weakened attachment to society
So why is it that some people commit crime and others don't?
According to Hirschi there are 4 ways in which we build an attachment to society
Levels of empathy
Hirschi theorised that level of attachment to society is directly linked to the socialisation process - namely the family
Farrington & West identified that a lack of socialisation of informal social control was the cause for crimal behaviour in the working class males that were studied.
Farrington & West conducted a study on working class males which supports Hirschi's theory. The correlation was made between poor parenting and criminal behaviour.
Not only was the role of the family important in the socialisation of informal social control, but also the significance of the community in reinforcing social control.
The 'Underclass' and the role of the community
Murray (1990) identified the increase of the 'underclass' - a subculture which has the following distinguishable characteristics
Living off benefits and illegal activity
Promiscuous sexual activity
Lack of responsibility for children
Why do you think that the underclass is considered a social problem?
Marxism and social control theory
Relativistic approach to C & D
Marxists reject the normative approach to C & D by stating that Education and the mass media ENFORCE norms and values of the working class to benefit capitalism.
They argue that crime is the result of class conflict - the working class revolting against the oppression from the ruling class.
Marxist sociologists who analyse patterns of C & D are known as critical criminologists.
Marxist also identify that the role of the judiciary system to to punish those who oppose capitalism
Is the judiciary system an effective form of social control?
Hirchi's 4 components of societal attachment