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Transcript of Puritanism
The Puritans believed that people are essentially good.
The Puritans believed that they alone were saved and everyone else would go to hell.
The Puritans believed that they could prepare for God's saving grace by leading moral lives, praying devoutly, reading the Bible, and following their minister's sermons.
However, they believed God alone determined who was saved, no matter how devout a person may be.
Salvation depended on the will of God rather than the good behavior or adherence to church rules. This is called predestination. Evidence that someone was eternally saved was seen in how they led their everyday lives.
Having come to the New World of religious persecution, the Puritans advocated a policy of tolerating religious differences.
The Puritans were not tolerant.
They feared that god would punish any person who tolerated individual choice in religion.
The Puritans also purged their own people for expressing radical religious opinions. They felt that people of different religions had a place in their society.
The Puritans believed that civil government was in charge of enforcing people's morality.
The Puritan's view of the Old Testament Scriptures, especially the story of Adam and Eve, greatly influenced their beliefs in regards to salvation and the good of people.
To the Puritans, humans were depraved sinners who were "incapable of earning merit in the eyes of God."
The church created the moral law based on the teachings of Puritan beliefs.
It was the job of the government to enforce this law upon the people, and they did using a system of punishment and reward
For example, civil government prohibited gambling, swearing, flashy dressing, and drunkenness
Puritan worship was characterized by organ music and congregational singing.
The Puritans practiced an individual and personable style of congregational singing
Usually, there was a singel lead singer who would be back by others singing similar melodies
They sang their church psalms in this style
However, Puritans believed that music encouraged laziness, which might make them loose focus on God
They tried to refrain from using music at their masses
Puritans believed in a loving God who welcomed into heaven everyone who lead a good life.
The Puritans did believe in a loving God
They believed in predestination, which is the belief that God determines who will have entrance to heaven and will be condemned
Puritans thought that all humans who conformed to their divine law and led a holy life according to their standards would gain salvation
Those who failed to comply were destined to be condemned
Although they did believe that if you led a good life you achieved entrance to heaven, but this belief did not extend to people of other religions
Puritans placed little value on money and possessions.
Puritans believed in keeping true to divine law
They did everything in moderation
They were permitted to dress their social classes, but couldn't overdue it
The amount of money and possessions was also restricted
The Puritans were opposed to any education they didn't not have a practical purpose.
Puritans supported education
They encouraged furthering of knowledge
Puritan women enjoyed complete equality with men.
Women were not given complete equality with men
On the Sabbath, men sat on one side of the church and women on the other
Women were considered to be weaker in mind and body than man
Traditional gender roles were observed
Puritans placed a high value on hard work.
Hard work was considered a religious duty for the Puritans
The Puritans believed that humans were naturally sinful
The only way to achieve good was through severe discipline
Puritans enjoyed exploring the wilderness.
Puritans did not enjoy exploring the wilderness, but did so to transform it into an "earthly paradise"
This was because they believed that wilderness was "hell on Earth" and the environment of evil
They felt that exploring and clearing the American wilderness was a religious duty and fulfilled the Word of God
The Puritans tried people for witchcraft and executed those who were found guilty.
Puritan beliefs about the relationships between God and Satan contribute to a fear of Satan and his works
This fear of Satan also contributed to a fear of witchcraft, almost to the point of being hysterical
Gender roles in Puritan society made women more vulnerable to being accused of witchcraft
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"Strict Order in the Church Church Deacons, Such as This One, Kept Strict Order in the Church. Using This "staff," Deacons Would Poke Anyone Misbehaving in Church. In This Illustration, the Boy Is Being Punished for Turning around to Talk to His Friend.SIZE=3 Churches Were Unheated and for Many Months of the Year, They Were Unbearably Cold. Women Carried Small Footstoves (like the One Shown Above) from Home Full of Hot Coals Which Were Used to Warm Their Feet during the Church Service." Puritan Life and Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2014. <http://fervis.tripod.com/>.